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PIE root

From Middle English birthe (1250), from earlier burthe, burde,[1] from Old Norse burðr, byrd[2] (Old Swedish byrth, Swedish börd), replacing Old English gebyrd (rare variant byrþ)[3]. The Old Norse is from Proto-Germanic *burdiz (compare Old Frisian berde, berd); Old English gebyrd is from prefixed *gaburdiz (compare Dutch geboorte, German Geburt), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥tis (compare Latin fors ‎(luck), Old Irish brith), from *bʰer- ‘to carry, bear’. More at bear.



English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en

birth ‎(countable and uncountable, plural births)

  1. (uncountable) The process of childbearing; the beginning of life.
  2. (countable) An instance of childbirth.
    Intersex babies account for roughly one per cent of all births.
  3. (countable) A beginning or start; a point of origin.
    the birth of an empire
  4. (uncountable) The circumstances of one's background, ancestry, or upbringing.
    He was of noble birth, but fortune had not favored him.
    • Prescott
      elected without reference to birth, but solely for qualifications
  5. That which is born.
    • Ben Jonson
      Poets are far rarer births than kings.
    • Addison
      Others hatch their eggs and tend the birth till it is able to shift for itself.
  6. Misspelling of berth.


  • (beginning of life): death


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


  1. ^ Robert K. Barnhart, ed., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (1988; reprint, Edinburgh: Chambers, 2008), 95.
  2. ^ Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson's 1874 Icelandic-English dictionary.
  3. ^ Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller's 1898 Anglo-Saxon dictionary.


birth ‎(not comparable)

  1. A familial relationship established by childbirth.
    Her birth father left when she was a baby; she was raised by her mother and stepfather.



birth ‎(third-person singular simple present births, present participle birthing, simple past and past participle birthed)

  1. (dated or regional) To bear or give birth to (a child).
  2. (figuratively) To produce, give rise to.
    • 2006, R. Bruce Hull, Infinite Nature, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 9780226359441, page 156:
      Biological evolution created a human mind that enabled cultural evolution, which now outpaces and outclasses the force that birthed it.

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From birë ‎(hole). The meaning of 'son, little boy' is a -th lengthening of bir 'son'.


birth m (indefinite plural birthe, definite singular birthi, definite plural birthat)

  1. pimple, blemish
  2. son, little boy
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