burde

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See also: Bürde

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byrja (to begin), from Proto-Germanic *burjaną (to lift). Doublet of børje. The Old Norse verb is also construed with an infinitive subject in the sense "it is proper". In Modern Danish and Swedish, the verb has a personal subject and an infinitive as the object. The original Danish infinitive børe (cf. also Swedish böra) has been replaced by the past tense form burde analogically after the modal verbs kunne and skulle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bordə/, [ˈb̥oɐ̯d̥ə], [ˈb̥uɐ̯d̥ə]

Verb[edit]

burde (present tense bør, past tense burde, past participle burdet)

  1. (auxiliary) ought

Inflection[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

burde

  1. Alternative form of bord

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

burde

  1. Alternative form of bourde

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from Old English byrde; in that case, equivalent to beren +‎ -th.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈburd(ə)/, /ˈbird(ə)/, /ˈbuːrd(ə)/, /ˈbiːrd(ə)/, /ˈbeːrd(ə)/
  • (SW England) IPA(key): /ˈbyrd(ə)/, /ˈbyːrd(ə)/

Noun[edit]

burde (plural burdes or burden)

  1. A noblewoman; a lady or maiden; especially the Virgin Mary.
  2. A young man, especially one of noble blood or Jesus Christ.
Usage notes[edit]

This term is mainly found in poetry in later Middle English.

Descendants[edit]
  • English: burd
References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse burði, preterite of byrja.

Verb[edit]

burde (present tense bør, simple past burde, past participle burdet) (modal verb)

  1. should, ought to
    Du bør få fikset det.
    You should get it fixed.

Notes[edit]

burde is often incorrectly used as the present tense in informal speech.

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse burði, preterite of byrja.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²bʉrdə/, /²buːrə/

Verb[edit]

burde (present tense bør, simple past burde, past participle burt) (modal verb)

  1. should, ought to
    Du burde få fiksa det.
    You should get it fixed.

References[edit]