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See also: [U+2010 HYPHEN], [U+2013 EN DASH], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+4E00 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00], and [U+1680 OGHAM SPACE MARK]
Character - U+002D (-)
Block Basic Latin
, [U+002C] [U+002E] .




  1. The hyphen-minus, a catch-all symbol for certain dash or dash-like characters.
    1. (hyphen)
    2. (minus sign)
    3. (figure dash)
    4. (en dash)
    5. (em dash)
    6. (horizontal bar)
    7. (chemistry) A single bond.
  2. See --- and -·· for line patterns consisting of dashes.

Usage notes[edit]

The multiple uses of this character were a compromise that made sense in the early days of fixed-width typewriters and computer displays, but are not in agreement with proper typesetting. Nonetheless, the usage persists since the hyphen-minus is easy to enter on keyboards, well known, and at the same place in all common character sets.

Derived terms[edit]

  • (small form variant)

See also[edit]



Punctuation mark[edit]


  1. (rare) A romanization of the (long vowel mark).