See also: – [U+2013 EN DASH]
- [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS]
− [U+2212 MINUS SIGN]
— [U+2014 EM DASH] , and 一 [U+4E00 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00]
Translingual [ edit ]
Punctuation mark [ edit ]
‐ ( English name )
Separates certain pieces of text.
syllables. syl ‐lab ‐i ‐fi ‐ca ‐tion
letters. W ‐O ‐R ‐D spells "word"
Splits a word across a line break (called
hyphenation). We, therefore, the represen
‐ tatives of the United States Marks a point where a morpheme (a suffix, a prefix, etc.) is supposed to be attached to a word.
Happiness ends with -ness.
Connects certain pieces of text.
prefixes and suffixes according to stylistic rules, often to avoid confusion in pronunciation or meaning
ultra (to indicate both aes are pronounced) ‐ambitious I must re (to avoid confusion with ‐press the shirt repress)
Connects words in compound terms.
Connects words in a
compound modifier according to various stylistic rules. " real" (but " ‐world examples examples are from the real world")
Connects names in some compound surnames.
Indicates common parts of repeated compounds.
nineteenth ‐ and twentieth‐century
Connects words in some situations, akin to a
space. Connects the year, the month and the day, in dates.
1789-07-14 the date of the first Bastille Day
stuttering. W ‐w ‐would you marry me?
components of a pun. This is a cat ‐astrophe! (a catastrophe involving cats) Hides letters.
G ‐d for God
Usage notes [ edit ]
hyphen-minus ( -) is used more frequently, but is used for many purposes (as a hyphen, minus sign, and dash). The hyphen symbol is therefore more specific.
Most text systems consider a hyphen to be a word boundary and a valid point at which to break a line when flowing text. However, this is not always desirable behavior. The
looks identical to the regular hyphen, but is not treated as a word boundary.
is generally invisible text character marking a point where hyphenation can occur without forcing a line break in an inconvenient place if the text is later reflowed. See below:
In American English, compound words are formed more liberally than in British English. Hyphenated compound nouns are also much more common in colloquial American English.
Synonyms [ edit ]
( all sense ) : - (hyphen-minus), often used for its ease.
( distinguish syllables, US ) : · (interpunct)
( hide letters ) : – (en-dash) ( connecting compounds ) : – (en-dash), when the constituent parts already contain hyphens.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Conjunction [ edit ]
Joins the components of .
coordinative compounds, with equal components secretary; -general yellow; -green a here-today; -gone-tomorrow attitude kitchen -dinette -office Joins the components of .
subordinative compounds, with a dominant component or head a has; -been cholesterol; -free short -changing
Synonyms [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]