comma

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English[edit]

a comma butterfly (Polygonia c-album)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: kŏm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.ə/
  • (US) enPR: kŏm'-ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.ə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒmə

Noun[edit]

comma (plural commas or commata)

  1. (typography) The punctuation mark,used to indicate a set off parts of a sentence or between elements of a list.
    Synonyms: scratch comma, virgule, virgula (in its obsolete form as a slash), come (in its obsolete form as a middot), comma-point (obsolete)
    Hyponyms: comma of Didymus, inverted comma, Oxford comma, serial comma, syntonic comma
  2. (Romanian typography) A similar-looking subscript diacritical mark.
  3. (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Polygonia, having a comma-shaped white mark on the underwings, especially Polygonia c-album and Polygonia c-aureum of North Africa, Europe, and Asia.
  4. (music) A difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
  5. (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.
  6. (rhetoric) In Ancient Greek rhetoric, a short clause, something less than a colon, originally denoted by comma marks. In antiquity it was defined as a combination of words having no more than eight syllables in all. It was later applied to longer phrases, e.g. the Johannine comma.
  7. (figuratively) A brief interval.

Derived terms[edit]

punctuation mark

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

comma (third-person singular simple present commas, present participle commaing, simple past and past participle commaed)

  1. (rare, transitive) To place a comma or commas within text; to follow, precede, or surround a portion of text with commas.

See also[edit]

Punctuation

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

comma

  1. third-person singular past historic of commer

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

comma m (plural commi)

  1. (law) subsection, subparagraph
    ll secondo comma dell'articolo 3
    the second subparagraph of article 3
  2. (music) comma

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

comma n (genitive commatis); third declension

  1. (in grammar):
    1. a comma (a division, member, or section of a period smaller than a colon)
    2. a comma (a mark of punctuation)
  2. (in verse) a caesura

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the works of Cicero and Quintilian, the untransliterated Greek κόμμα (kómma) is used for comma in the grammatical sense of “a division…of a period smaller than a colon”.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative comma commata
Genitive commatis commatum
Dative commatī commatibus
Accusative comma commata
Ablative commate commatibus
Vocative comma commata

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]