comma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: coma, čoma, and čomā

English[edit]

a comma butterfly

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: kŏm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.ə/
  • (US) enPR: kŏm'-ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.ə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒmə

Noun[edit]

comma (plural commas or commata)

  1. (typography) The punctuation mark,used to indicate a set off parts of a sentence or between elements of a list.
  2. (Romanian typography) A similar-looking subscript diacritical mark.
  3. A European and North American butterfly, Polygonia c-album, of the family Nymphalidae.
  4. (music) a difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
  5. (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.
  6. In Ancient Greek rhetoric, a short clause, something less than a colon, originally denoted by comma marks. In antiquity it was defined as a combination of words having no more than eight syllables in all. It was later applied to longer phrases, e.g. the Johannine comma.
  7. (figuratively) A brief interval.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

punctuation mark
  • (punctuation mark): See serial comma
  • Derived terms[edit]

    punctuation mark

    Translations[edit]

    The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

    Verb[edit]

    comma (third-person singular simple present commas, present participle commaing, simple past and past participle commaed)

    1. (rare, transitive) To place a comma or commas within text; to follow, precede, or surround a portion of text with commas.

    See also[edit]

    Punctuation

    Further reading[edit]


    French[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    comma

    1. third-person singular past historic of commer

    Italian[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    comma m (plural commi)

    1. (law) subsection
    2. (music) comma

    Latin[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From the Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    comma n (genitive commatis); third declension

    1. (in grammar):
      1. a comma (a division, member, or section of a period smaller than a colon)
      2. a comma (a mark of punctuation)
    2. (in verse) a caesura

    Usage notes[edit]

    • In the works of Cicero and Quintilian, the untransliterated Greek κόμμα (kómma) is used for comma in the grammatical sense of “a division…of a period smaller than a colon”.

    Declension[edit]

    Third declension neuter.

    Case Singular Plural
    Nominative comma commata
    Genitive commatis commatum
    Dative commatī commatibus
    Accusative comma commata
    Ablative commate commatibus
    Vocative comma commata

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]