coma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: čoma, čomā, and cơ mà

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma (plural comas)

  1. A state of unconsciousness from which one may not wake up, usually induced by some form of trauma.
    go into a coma
    slip into a coma
    come out of a coma
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coma (hair of the head), from Ancient Greek κόμη (kómē, hair).

Hubble image of an icy Comet, showing nucleus and coma
In this image the stars near the edge of the field form comae because of the comatic aberration of the wide-angle lens
In each of these trees the branches form a well-defined coma
In this turmeric plant, the tuft of magenta bracts form a coma
Each of these milkweed seeds has a coma of silky hairs at one end

Noun[edit]

coma (plural comae)

  1. (astronomy) A cloud of dust surrounding the nucleus of a comet.
  2. (optics) A defect characterized by diffuse, pear-shaped images that in an ideal image would appear as points.
  3. (botany) A tuft or bunch, such as the assemblage of branches forming the head of a tree, a cluster of bracts when empty and terminating the inflorescence of a plant, or a tuft of long hairs on certain seeds.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of comer

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comes)

  1. coma (deep sleep)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma).

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comes)

  1. comma (punctuation mark)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Gaulish *kumba, from Proto-Celtic *kumbā (valley). Compare Occitan comba, French combe.

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comes)

  1. combe, cirque
    Synonym: circ
  2. An alpine meadow situated between two peaks.
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coma, from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma).

Noun[edit]

coma n (plural coma's)

  1. coma (state of unconsciousness)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coma, from Ancient Greek κόμη (kómē).

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural coma's, diminutive comaatje n)

  1. coma (head of a comet)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin cōma, itself borrowed from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. coma (state of unconsciousness)
    • 1825, Etienne-Marin Bailly, Traité anatomico-pathologique des fièvres intermittentes simples et pernicieuses
      Le coma suivi de symptômes convulsifs, est moins dangereux que lorsqu'il leur succède, à moins que dans ce dernier cas il soit nerveux, et que le malade se réveille facilement, on exécute, sinon des mouvements volontaires, au moins des mouvements automatiques.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: koma

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of comer

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma (uncountable)

  1. coma

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɔ.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ɔma
  • Hyphenation: cò‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin coma (hair of the head), borrowed from Ancient Greek κόμη (kómē).

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural come)

  1. (literary, obsolete) Synonym of chioma
  2. (optics, uncountable) coma

References[edit]

  • coma1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma).

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comi)

  1. (typography) Alternative form of comma (punctuation mark)

References[edit]

  • coma2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m (invariable)

  1. coma (deep sleep)
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • coma3 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comes)

  1. (Val di Fassa, law) subsection
  2. (Val di Fassa, orthography) comma
    Synonym: vìrgola

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κόμη (kómē, hair of the head), which is of uncertain origin and is sometimes linked to κόμέω (kóméō, to care for (in the sense of hair)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma f (genitive comae); first declension

  1. The hair of the head.
    Synonym: crīnis
  2. foliage

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative coma comae
Genitive comae comārum
Dative comae comīs
Accusative comam comās
Ablative comā comīs
Vocative coma comae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • coma”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coma”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • coma”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coma”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: co‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. coma, state of unconsciousness
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coma.

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comas)

  1. abundant hair of the head
    Synonym: cabeleira
  2. mane
  3. (astronomy) comet coma

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma).

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comas)

  1. (archaic, grammar) comma
  2. (music) comma
  3. (music) eighth rest

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. inflection of comer:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cummae, from Proto-Indo-European *kom-smiyo-, from *kom (beside, with, by) + *sem- (one, as one).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

coma

  1. indifferent, unconcerned
    Tha e coma.He couldn't care less.
    'S mi a tha coma dè thachras.I don't give a damn what happens.
    Coma de sin!Never mind that! Forget that!
  2. reckless, careless
  3. or expressing dislike or even hate when used with le
    Is coma leam thuI hate you.
    Is coma leis an rìgh Eòghann agus is coma le Eòghann co-dhiùThe king doesn't like Eòghann, but Eòghann doesn't care whether the king likes him or not.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
coma choma
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin comma.

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comas)

  1. comma
  2. (church) misericord
  3. (music) section
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κῶμα (kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. coma (deep sleep)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coma[1].

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comas)

  1. (rare) mane
    Synonym: crin

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. inflection of comer:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English comma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. comma
    Synonym: atalnod

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
coma goma nghoma choma
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.