coma

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See also: comma, čoma, and čomā

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα ‎(kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma ‎(plural comas)

  1. A state of sleep from which one may not wake up, usually induced by some form of trauma.
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma ‎(plural comae)

  1. (astronomy) A cloud of dust surrounding the nucleus of a comet.
  2. (optics) A defect characterized by diffuse, pear-shaped images that should be points.
  3. (botany) A tuft or bunch, such as the assemblage of branches forming the head of a tree, a cluster of bracts when empty and terminating the inflorescence of a plant, or a tuft of long hairs on certain seeds.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of comer
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of comer

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα ‎(kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m ‎(plural comes)

  1. coma (deep sleep)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα ‎(kómma).

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural comes)

  1. comma (punctuation mark)
Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: co‧ma

Noun[edit]

coma n ‎(plural coma's)

  1. coma (state of unconsciousness)

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural coma's, diminutive comaatje n)

  1. coma (head of a comet)

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma m ‎(plural comas)

  1. coma (state of unconciousness)
    • 1825, Etienne-Marin Bailly, Traité anatomico-pathologique des fièvres intermittentes simples et pernicieuses
      Le coma suivi de symptômes convulsifs, est moins dangereux que lorsqu'il leur succède, à moins que dans ce dernier cas il soit nerveux, et que le malade se réveille facilement, on exécute, sinon des mouvements volontaires, au moins des mouvements automatiques.
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of comer
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of comer

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα ‎(kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m ‎(invariable)

  1. coma (sleep)

Anagrams[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural comes)

  1. (Val di Fassa, law) subsection
  2. (Val di Fassa, orthography) comma

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ancient Greek κόμη ‎(kómē, hair of the head)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(genitive comae); first declension

  1. The hair of the head.
  2. foliage

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative coma comae
genitive comae comārum
dative comae comīs
accusative comam comās
ablative comā comīs
vocative coma comae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • coma in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • COMA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • coma in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coma in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkomɐ/
  • Hyphenation: co‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα ‎(kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. coma, state of unconsciousness

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin coma.

Noun[edit]

coma f (plural comas)

  1. abundant hair of the head
  2. mane
  3. (astronomy) comet coma
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of comer
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of comer
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of comer
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of comer

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cummae, from Proto-Indo-European *kom-smiyo-, from *kom ‎(beside, with, by) + *sem- ‎(one, as one).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

coma

  1. indifferent, unconcerned
    • Tha e coma.
      He couldn't care less.
    • 'S mi a tha coma dè thachras.
      I don't give a damn what happens.
    • Coma de sin!
      Never mind that! Forget that!
  2. reckless, careless

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cummae” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin comma.

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural comas)

  1. comma
  2. (church) misericord
  3. (music) section
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek κῶμα ‎(kôma, deep sleep).

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural comas)

  1. coma

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin coma.

Noun[edit]

coma f ‎(plural comas)

  1. (rare) mane
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

coma

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of comer.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of comer.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of comer.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of comer.

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English comma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

coma m (plural comas)

  1. comma

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
coma goma nghoma choma
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.