cummae

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kombēsman, from *kom- (with) + *bēsman (a blow).

Noun[edit]

cummae n

  1. verbal noun of con·ben
  2. shape, form, appearance
Inflection[edit]
Neuter io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kom-smiyos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom (beside, with, by) + *sem- (one, as one).

Adjective[edit]

cummae

  1. similar, alike (with fri or ocus)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 20c25
      Níta chumme-se friusom.
      I am not like them.
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

cummae

  1. equally, in the same way

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cummae chummae cummae
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • cummae” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.