From Middle English cloud, cloude, clod, clud, clude, from Old English clūd (“mass of stone, rock, boulder, hill”), from Proto-Germanic *klūtaz, *klutaz (“lump, mass, conglomeration”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“to ball up, clench”).
Cognate with Scots clood, clud (“cloud”), Dutch kluit (“lump, mass, clod”), German Low German Kluut, Kluute (“lump, mass, ball”), German Kloß (“lump, ball, dumpling”), Danish klode (“sphere, orb, planet”), Swedish klot (“sphere, orb, ball, globe”), Icelandic klót (“knob on a sword's hilt”). Related to English clod, clot, clump, club. Displaced native Middle English wolken, wolkne from Old English wolcen (whence welkin), the commonest Germanic word (compare Dutch wolk, German Wolke).
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: kloud, IPA(key): /klaʊd/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -aʊd
cloud (plural clouds)
- (obsolete) A rock; boulder; a hill.
- A visible mass of water droplets suspended in the air.
- 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803:
- So this was my future home, I thought! […] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
- Any mass of dust, steam or smoke resembling such a mass.
- 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- Anything which makes things foggy or gloomy.
- (figuratively) Anything unsubstantial.
- A dark spot on a lighter material or background.
- A group or swarm, especially suspended above the ground or flying.
- He opened the door and was greeted by a cloud of bats.
- Bible, Hebrews xii. 1
- so great a cloud of witnesses
- An elliptical shape or symbol whose outline is a series of semicircles, supposed to resemble a cloud.
- The comic-book character's thoughts appeared in a cloud above his head.
- (computing, with "the") The Internet, regarded as an abstract amorphous omnipresent space for processing and storage, the focus of cloud computing.
- 2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 18:
- Now we are liberal with our innermost secrets, spraying them into the public ether with a generosity our forebears could not have imagined. Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet.
- (figuratively) A negative or foreboding aspect of something positive: see every cloud has a silver lining or every silver lining has a cloud.
- 2011 January 25, Phil McNulty, “Blackpool 2-3 Man Utd”, in BBC:
- The only cloud on their night was that injury to Rafael, who was followed off the pitch by his anxious brother Fabio as he was stretchered away down the tunnel.
- (slang) Crystal methamphetamine.
- A large, loosely-knitted headscarf worn by women.
- For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:cloud.
- See also Thesaurus:cloud
- cloud bank
- cloud base
- cloud chamber
- cloud computing
- cloud cover
- cloud forest
- cloud mass
- cloud nine
- cloud nine
- cloud number nine
- cloud of title
- cloud on title
- cloud storage
- cloud street
- every cloud has a silver lining
- have one's head in the clouds
- Land of the Long White Cloud
- White Cloud
- word cloud
- (intransitive) To become foggy or gloomy, or obscured from sight.
- The glass clouds when you breathe on it.
- (transitive) To overspread or hide with a cloud or clouds.
- The sky is clouded.
- (transitive) To make obscure.
- All this talk about human rights is clouding the real issue.
- (transitive) To make less acute or perceptive.
- Your emotions are clouding your judgement.
- The tears began to well up and cloud my vision.
- (transitive) To make gloomy or sullen.
- 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
- One day too late, I fear me, noble lord, / Hath clouded all thy happy days on earth.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 5”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
- Be not disheartened, then, nor cloud those looks.
- (transitive) To blacken; to sully; to stain; to tarnish (reputation or character).
- c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
- I would not be a stander-by to hear / My sovereign mistress clouded so, without / My present vengeance taken.
- (transitive) To mark with, or darken in, veins or sports; to variegate with colors.
- to cloud yarn
- (intransitive) To become marked, darkened or variegated in this way.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
cloud m (uncountable)
- (computing, Anglicism, with le) the cloud.
- le nuage
cloud m (plural clouds)