air

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See also: áir, -air, 'air, air., and àir.

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English air, eir (gas, atmosphere), from Anglo-Norman aeir, eyer, Old French aire, eir, from Latin āēr, from Ancient Greek ἀήρ (aḗr, wind, atmosphere). Displaced native Middle English luft, lift (air) (from Old English lyft (air, atmosphere)), Middle English loft (air, upper region) (from Old Norse lopt (air, sky, loft)). More at lift, loft.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air (countable and uncountable, plural airs)

  1. (uncountable, meteorology) The substance constituting earth's atmosphere, particularly:
    I'm going outside to get some air.
    1. (historical, philosophy, alchemy) understood as one of the four elements of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
    2. (historical, medicine) understood as a particular local substance with supposed effects on human health.
      • 1991 May 12, "Kidnapped!" Jeeves and Wooster, Series 2, Episode 5:
        Jeeves: Foreign travel often liberates emotions best kept in check, sir. The air of North America is notoriously stimulating in this regard, as witness the regrettable behavior of its inhabitants in 1776.
        B. Wooster: Hm? What happened in 1776, Jeeves?
        Jeeves: I prefer not to dwell on it, if it's convenient to you, sir.
      There was a tension in the air which made me suspect an approaching storm.
    3. (physics) understood as a gaseous mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and various trace gases.
  2. (usually with the) The apparently open space above the ground which this substance fills, (historical) formerly thought to be limited by the firmament but (meteorology) now considered surrounded by the near vacuum of outer space.
    The flock of birds took to the air.
  3. A breeze; a gentle wind.
  4. A feeling or sense.
    to give it an air of artistry and sophistication
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, "Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," guardian.co.uk
      Smalling’s quick one-two of yellow cards towards the end of the first half had left an air of inevitability about what would follow and, if anything, it was probably a surprise that City restricted themselves to Sergio Agüero’s goal bearing in mind another of United’s defenders, Marcos Rojo, was taken off on a stretcher early in the second half with a dislocated shoulder.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      The girl stooped to pluck a rose, and as she bent over it, her profile was clearly outlined. She held the flower to her face with a long-drawn inhalation, then went up the steps, crossed the piazza, opened the door without knocking, and entered the house with the air of one thoroughly at home.
  5. A sense of poise, graciousness, or quality.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Volume I, Chapter 4:
      "He is very plain, undoubtedly--remarkably plain:--but that is nothing compared with his entire want of gentility. I had no right to expect much, and I did not expect much; but I had no idea that he could be so very clownish, so totally without air. I had imagined him, I confess, a degree or two nearer gentility."
  6. (usually in the plural) Pretension; snobbishness; pretence that one is better than others.
    putting on airs
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement.
  7. (music) A song, especially a solo; an aria.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Chapter 18:
      "If I," said Mr. Collins, "were so fortunate as to be able to sing, I should have great pleasure, I am sure, in obliging the company with an air; for I consider music as a very innocent diversion, and perfectly compatible with the profession of a clergyman [] "
  8. (informal) Nothing; absence of anything.
  9. An air conditioner or the processed air it produces. Can be a mass noun or a count noun depending on context; similar to hair.
    Could you turn on the air?
    Hey, did you mean to leave the airs on all week while you were on vacation?
  10. (obsolete, chemistry) Any specific gas.
  11. (snowboarding, skateboarding, motor sports) A jump in which one becomes airborne.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with air.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

air (third-person singular simple present airs, present participle airing, simple past and past participle aired)

  1. To bring (something) into contact with the air, so as to freshen or dry it.
  2. To let fresh air into a room or a building, to ventilate.
    It's getting quite stuffy in this room: let's open the windows and air it.
  3. To discuss varying viewpoints on a given topic.
    • 1917, National Geographic, v.31, March 1917:
      Thus, in spite of all opposition, the rural and urban assemblies retained the germ of local government, and in spite of the dual control, as the result of which much of their influence was nullified, they did have a certain value in airing abuses and suggesting improvements.
  4. To broadcast, as with a television show.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: looking · John · hour · #367: air · reason · feel · behind

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m

  1. air

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

air m (plural airs, diminutive airtje n)

  1. air (pretension)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin āēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m (plural airs)

  1. air (gases of the atmosphere)
  2. tune, aria
  3. appearance
  4. air (pretension)

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

air

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌹𐍂

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id
air

Etymology[edit]

From Malay air, from Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)
  2. water (mineral water)
  3. water (one of the four elements in alchemy)
  4. water (one of the five basic elements in some other theories)

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish airid (ploughs, tills).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

air (present analytic aireann, future analytic airfidh, verbal noun ar, past participle airthe)

  1. (literary, transitive, intransitive) plough
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air m

  1. genitive singular of ar

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (stressed) /ɛɾʲ/, (unstressed) /əɾʲ/

Pronoun[edit]

air (emphatic airsean)

  1. third-person singular masculine of ar (on him, on it m)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
air n-air hair not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "air" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 3 airid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Kein[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *air, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *wair, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *wair, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

air (Jawi spelling اءير)

  1. water (liquid H2O)
    • 2012, Faridah Abdul Rashid, Research on the Early Malay Doctors : 1900-1957 : Malaya and Singapore [2]
      loji rawatan air
      water treatment plant

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory (mixture of gases that make up the earth's atmosphere)

Related terms[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory

Lua error: not enough memory


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory.

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory (mixture of gases that make up the earth's atmosphere)

Pohnpeian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Verb[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory to strip off, as when stripping insulation off a wire
  2. Lua error: not enough memory to wipe off a ropelike object by drawing it through one's hand or fingers
    Lua error: not enough memory

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Lua error: not enough memory (compare Irish Lua error: not enough memory), from Lua error: not enough memory (compare Welsh Lua error: not enough memory), from Lua error: not enough memory (compare Latin Lua error: not enough memory, Ancient Greek Lua error: not enough memory, Old English Lua error: not enough memory).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Preposition[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. on, upon
    Lua error: not enough memory
  2. of, concerning
    Lua error: not enough memory
  3. for, on account of
    Lua error: not enough memory
  4. by
    Lua error: not enough memory

Usage notes[edit]

  • Air combines with personal pronouns to form prepositional pronouns. See Derived forms below. Specifically for air the third-person singular masculine pronoun is identical to the uninflected preposition, hence air = on or on him.
  • The word air and its derivates are also used in many idioms:
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory

Derived terms[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  • The following prepositional pronouns:
Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
Singular 1st Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
2nd Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
3rd Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
3rd Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
Plural 1st Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
2nd Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
3rd Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

Pronoun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

See also[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9Lua error: not enough memory
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Complied by Malcolm MacLennan)

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Noun[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Soft mutation of Lua error: not enough memory.Lua error: not enough memory

Mutation[edit]

Lua error: not enough memory