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- ὕπερ (húper) – postpositive form with initial stress
- ῠ̔πείρ (hupeír) – Epic
- ὁπέρ (hopér) – Arcadocypriot
From Proto-Hellenic *hupér, from Proto-Indo-European *upér (“over, above”), from *upo (“under, below”) (whence English up). Cognates include Latin super and Proto-Germanic *uber (whence English over).
- (+ genitive)
- over, above
- farther inland
- (nautical, of ships at sea) off of
- over, across
- (+ accusative)
- (+ dative, Aeolic) for
- A primary preposition; “over”, that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than.
- In compounds it retains many of the above applications.
- ὑπό (hupó)
- ὕπερθεν (húperthen)
ῠ̔πέρ • (hupér)
- “ὑπέρ”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “ὑπέρ”, in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “ὑπέρ”, in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
- ὑπέρ in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
- ὑπέρ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
- “ὑπέρ”, in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
- G5228 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.