ὑπό

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See also: υπο-, υπό-, and ὑπο-

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *upo, with regular rough breathing (h) before initial υ ‎(u). Cognates include Latin sub and Sanskrit उप ‎(upa).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

ὑπό ‎(hupó)

  1. (with genitive)
    1. (of place) from underneath
      1. under, beneath
    2. (of cause or agency) by, through
      1. (in pregnant phrases) of immediate acts of an agent, as well as further results
      2. (in Herodotus and Attic, of things as well as persons)
      3. denoting the attendant or accompanying circumstances
      4. (of accompanying music) to give the time
  2. (with dative)
    1. (of place or position) under, near
    2. (of agency) under, through, by
      1. expressing subjection or dependence
      2. of logical subordination
      3. of attendant circumstances
  3. (with accusative)
    1. (of place) to express motion towards and under
      1. of position or extension
      2. of logical subordination
    2. of subjection, control
    3. (of time) just after
    4. of accompaniment
    5. to a certain degree

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell