ὑπό

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *upo, with regular rough breathing (h) before initial υ ‎(u). Cognates include Latin sub and Sanskrit उप ‎(upa).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

ὑπό ‎(hupó)

  1. (with genitive)
    1. (of place) from underneath
      1. under, beneath
    2. (of cause or agency) by, through
      1. (in pregnant phrases) of immediate acts of an agent, as well as further results
      2. (in Herodotus and Attic, of things as well as persons)
      3. denoting the attendant or accompanying circumstances
      4. (of accompanying music) to give the time
  2. (with dative)
    1. (of place or position) under, near
    2. (of agency) under, through, by
      1. expressing subjection or dependence
      2. of logical subordination
      3. of attendant circumstances
  3. (with accusative)
    1. (of place) to express motion towards and under
      1. of position or extension
      2. of logical subordination
    2. of subjection, control
    3. (of time) just after
    4. of accompaniment
    5. to a certain degree

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὑπό in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «ὑπό» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὑπό» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «ὑπό» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «ὑπό» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.