ilma

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See also: Ilma

Estonian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ilma

  1. (governs the abessive) without

Noun[edit]

ilma

  1. genitive singular of ilm
  2. partitive singular of ilm
  3. illative singular of ilm

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ilma (air, sky, weather), from Proto-Uralic *ilma (sky, weather, god).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈilmɑ/, [ˈilmɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ilmɑ
  • Syllabification(key): il‧ma

Noun[edit]

ilma

  1. air
    • 1849 Kalevala (Translation 1988 by Eino Friberg) 1:107-112:
      Olipa impi, ilman tyttö,
      She, the virgin of the air
  2. weather
    Millainen ilma tänään on?
    How is the weather today?
    Synonym: sää

Declension[edit]

Inflection of ilma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative ilma ilmat
genitive ilman ilmojen
partitive ilmaa ilmoja
illative ilmaan ilmoihin
singular plural
nominative ilma ilmat
accusative nom. ilma ilmat
gen. ilman
genitive ilman ilmojen
ilmainrare
partitive ilmaa ilmoja
inessive ilmassa ilmoissa
elative ilmasta ilmoista
illative ilmaan ilmoihin
adessive ilmalla ilmoilla
ablative ilmalta ilmoilta
allative ilmalle ilmoille
essive ilmana ilmoina
translative ilmaksi ilmoiksi
instructive ilmoin
abessive ilmatta ilmoitta
comitative ilmoineen
Possessive forms of ilma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person ilmani ilmamme
2nd person ilmasi ilmanne
3rd person ilmansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ilma (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative ilmaði, supine ilmað)

  1. (intransitive) to smell pleasant, to give off a pleasant scent

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to smell pleasant): anga

Derived terms[edit]

  • ilmandi (pleasant-smelling)
  • ilmur (pleasant scent)

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ilma, from Proto-Uralic *ilma. Cognates include Finnish ilma and Estonian ilm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ilma

  1. weather
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 29:
      Egle oli hyvä ilma.
      Yesterday the weather was good.
Declension[edit]
Declension of ilma (type 3/kana, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative ilma ilmat
genitive ilman ilmoin
partitive ilmaa ilmoja
illative ilmaa ilmoi
inessive ilmaas ilmois
elative ilmast ilmoist
allative ilmalle ilmoille
adessive ilmaal ilmoil
ablative ilmalt ilmoilt
translative ilmaks ilmoiks
essive ilmanna, ilmaan ilmoinna, ilmoin
exessive1) ilmant ilmoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ilma (+ partitive)

  1. Alternative form of ilman
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      Määk siä șkouluu - sanoi Semon däädä, ilma sinnua saamma aikoo.
      Go to school - said uncle Semon, we'll get by without you.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 91
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 15

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic الْمَاء (al-māʾ), from مَاء(māʾ, water) with fused definite article اَل(al-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ilma m (plural ilmijiet)

  1. water
    ilma baħarsea water
    ilma ċarclear water
    ilma effervixxentifizzy water
    ilma finpure water
    ilma ġierirunning water
    ilma ħelufresh water
    ilma kiesaħcold water
    ilma mbierekholy water
    ilma mieġibrackish water
    ilma qiegħedstagnant water
    ilma mineralimineral water

Derived terms[edit]


Oromo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cushitic. Cognates include Somali ilmo (child(ren)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ilma

  1. son

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Genitive singular form of ilm.

Preposition[edit]

ilma

  1. without

Derived terms[edit]


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ilma, from Proto-Uralic *ilma.

Noun[edit]

ilma (genitive ilmaa, partitive [please provide])

  1. air
  2. weather

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[3], 2 edition, Tallinn