mali

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See also: Mali, Malí, mǎlì, and mạ lị

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Hindi माली (mālī, a gardener), from Sanskrit माली (mālī, a wreath-maker, a garland-maker; a florist; a gardener), from माला (mālā, wreath, garland; chaplet, crown).[1]

Noun[edit]

mali (plural malis)

  1. (India, South Asia) A member of a caste in South Asia whose traditional occupation is gardening; hence, any native gardener. [from 18th c.]
    • 1840, G. T. Frederic Speede, Indian Hand-book of Gardening; Containing Directions for the Management of the Kitchen and Flower Garden, etc. etc. in India: [...] To which is Added, an Hindoostanee and English Vocabulary of Horticultural and Agricultural Terms, Calcutta: W. Thacker & Co. St. Andrew's Library, OCLC 474754220, page 1:
      [H]ence the slow progress hitherto made in the cultivation of such produce of the garden as is generally held in estimation by the European portion of the community, left as it generally is, to the simple Hindoo mallee (or gardener,) it is not to be wondered at, that our bazars want what are deemed the more delicate articles of vegetable production for the table; []
    • 1848 July 28, “Report of Exhibitions of Vegetables, Fruits, Flowers and Agricultural Produce, Held at Bhaugulpore, on 11th February and 25th May, 1848. (Communicated by Major [T. E. A.] Napleton, Honorary Secretary Branch Agri-Horticultural Society.)”, in Journal of the Agricultural & Horticultural Society of India, volume VI, part II (Correspondence and Selections), number 3, Calcutta: Bishop's College Press, OCLC 648779148, page 125:
      Prizes were awarded to ten other mallees for best samples of vegetables, fruits and flowers, and last though not least we have to note, that a prize of two rupees was awarded to the mallee of Robert Fulton, Esq., of Sultangunge, for a remarkably fine bunch of grapes, clearly showing that either the soil of Mr. Fulton's garden, the climate of Sultangunge, or the skill of that gentleman's gardener, are highly favorable to the growth, and bringing to maturity of this delicious fruit.
    • 1871 November 29, “Cachar: Further Correspondence on the Subject of the Looshai Raids and the Consequent Hostilities (in Continuation of Paper, No. 398, of 1871)”, in Accounts and Papers: Thirty-six Volumes, volume X (East India—continued), [London]: Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be printed, published 28 May 1872, OCLC 941810036, page 301:
      Telegram from Collector of Sylhet to Secretary Colonel Burne, No. 221; dated the 29th November 1871. Every necessary precaution taken to arrest spread of cholera: three camps formed, one for those attacked, one for the convalescents, one for the healthy. I sent down dhobies, sweepers, cooks, and mallees, last to dig trenches for burying the dead, when burning was not possible.
    • 2008, Amitav Ghosh, Sea of Poppies, Penguin 2015, p. 99:
      the malis who tended the gardens, no less than the owners themselves, vied to outdo each other in the fancifulness of their plantings, creating here a little patch of topiary and there an avenue of trees, trimmed in the French fashion […].
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Xhosa imali, Zulu imali (money), from English money.

Noun[edit]

mali (uncountable)

  1. (South Africa) Money, cash. [from 19th c.]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monier Williams (1872), “माऌ māla”, in A Sanskṛit–English Dictionary: Etymologically and Philologically Arranged with Special Reference to Greek, Latin, Gothic, German, Anglo-Saxon, and Other Cognate Indo-European Languages, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 3592375, page 774, columns 2–3.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mali ?

  1. mountain

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mali

  1. wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of mali (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative mali malit
genitive malin malien
partitive malia maleja
illative maliin maleihin
singular plural
nominative mali malit
accusative nom. mali malit
gen. malin
genitive malin malien
partitive malia maleja
inessive malissa maleissa
elative malista maleista
illative maliin maleihin
adessive malilla maleilla
ablative malilta maleilta
allative malille maleille
essive malina maleina
translative maliksi maleiksi
instructive malein
abessive malitta maleitta
comitative maleineen

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mali m

  1. plural of male

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

mālī

  1. nominative plural of mālus
  2. genitive singular of mālus
  3. vocative plural of mālus

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

mali

  1. 2nd person singular past indicative form of malt

Polish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mali

  1. nominative plural personal masculine form of mały

Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin male. Compare Italian male.

Adverb[edit]

mali

  1. badly

Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malus. Compare Italian mali, male.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.lɪ/
  • Hyphenation: mà‧li

Adjective[edit]

mali m pl, f pl

  1. masculine plural of malu; bad.
  2. feminine plural of malu

Inflection[edit]

Masculine Feminine
Singular malu mala
Plural mali mali

Noun[edit]

mali m (plural mali)

  1. evil, harm

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مال (māl).

Noun[edit]

mali (ma class, plural only)

  1. wealth, riches
  2. property

Usage notes[edit]

This word is morphologically plural but semantically singular. If a plural sense is required, it may be put in the n class.


Tagalog[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mali

  1. wrong

Woiwurrung[edit]

Noun[edit]

mali

  1. mallee