lima

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Translingual

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Noun

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lima

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Lima of the ICAO/NATO radiotelephony alphabet.

English

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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lima (plural limas)

  1. lima bean
    We had limas with dinner last night.
  2. (international standards) Alternative letter-case form of Lima from the NATO/ICAO Phonetic Alphabet.

Anagrams

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Agutaynen

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Aklanon

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Alangan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Alu

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Amis

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Amis cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : sakalima

Etymology

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From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Asi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Balinese

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Romanization

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lima

  1. Romanization of ᬮᬶᬫ

Banjarese

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Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Bariai

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Numeral

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lima

  1. five

References

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Basque

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

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lima inan

  1. file (tool)
    Synonym: karraka
Declension
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

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lima inan

  1. lime (fruit)
Declension
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Further reading

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  • lima”, in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], Euskaltzaindia
  • lima”, in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], Euskaltzaindia, 1987–2005

Bikol Central

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Bikol Central numbers (edit)
50[a], [b]
[a], [b] ←  4 5 6  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: lima, singko
    Ordinal: ikalima

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /liˈma/, [l̪iˈma]
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

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limá (plural rilima, Basahan spelling ᜎᜒᜋ)

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Derived terms

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Brooke's Point Palawano

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Brunei Malay

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Brunei Malay cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /lima/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Bughotu

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Casiguran Dumagat Agta

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Cebuano

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Cebuano numbers (edit)
50[a], [b]
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: limá
    Spanish cardinal: singko
    Ordinal: ikalimá
    Adverbial: makalimá
    Distributive: limá-limá
    Fractional: sikalimá

Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: li‧ma
  • IPA(key): /liˈma/, [l̪ɪˈma]

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Quotations

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For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Derived terms

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Central Bontoc

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Central Melanau

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Central Melanau cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Chamorro

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Chamorro cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Pre-Chamorro *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. (Old Chamorro) five (in general)

Chichewa

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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-lima (infinitive kulíma)

  1. to cultivate

Derived terms

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Cia-Cia

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celebic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima (Hangul spelling 을리마)

  1. five

Noun

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lima

  1. (anatomy) hand (part of the body)

Cuyunon

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Dibabawon Manobo

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Dupaningan Agta

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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líma

  1. five

East Futuna

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Etymology

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From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Esperanto

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Etymology

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limo +‎ -a

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈlima]
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Adjective

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lima (accusative singular liman, plural limaj, accusative plural limajn)

  1. bordering, neighbouring, border
    • 2006, Mu Binghua, “Pezaj enlandaj ŝarĝoj por la registaro”, in Monato[1]:
      Ĉar pro la malbonaj vivkondiĉoj fakte la plimulto de la ordinaraj ĉinoj troviĝas sur la lima punkto inter sano kaj malsano.
      In fact, due to the poor living conditions, the majority of ordinary Chinese people find themselves on the border point between health and disease.

Faroese

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Noun

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lima

  1. indefinite genitive plural of limur

Fijian

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Fijian cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Proto-Central-Pacific *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Finnish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *lima, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *slīmą.[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlimɑ/, [ˈlimɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -imɑ
  • Syllabification(key): li‧ma

Noun

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lima

  1. mucus (slippery secretion from mucous membranes)
  2. phlegm (viscid mucus produced by the body, later especially mucus expelled from the bronchial passages by coughing)
  3. (historical) phlegm (one of the four humors making up the body in ancient and mediaeval medicine; said to be cold and moist, and often identified with mucus)
  4. slime (any viscous liquid matter)
  5. slime (mucus-like substance that exudes from the bodies of some animals, e.g. snails and slugs)

Declension

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Inflection of lima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lima limat
genitive liman limojen
partitive limaa limoja
illative limaan limoihin
singular plural
nominative lima limat
accusative nom. lima limat
gen. liman
genitive liman limojen
limain rare
partitive limaa limoja
inessive limassa limoissa
elative limasta limoista
illative limaan limoihin
adessive limalla limoilla
ablative limalta limoilta
allative limalle limoille
essive limana limoina
translative limaksi limoiksi
abessive limatta limoitta
instructive limoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative limani limani
accusative nom. limani limani
gen. limani
genitive limani limojeni
limaini rare
partitive limaani limojani
inessive limassani limoissani
elative limastani limoistani
illative limaani limoihini
adessive limallani limoillani
ablative limaltani limoiltani
allative limalleni limoilleni
essive limanani limoinani
translative limakseni limoikseni
abessive limattani limoittani
instructive
comitative limoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative limasi limasi
accusative nom. limasi limasi
gen. limasi
genitive limasi limojesi
limaisi rare
partitive limaasi limojasi
inessive limassasi limoissasi
elative limastasi limoistasi
illative limaasi limoihisi
adessive limallasi limoillasi
ablative limaltasi limoiltasi
allative limallesi limoillesi
essive limanasi limoinasi
translative limaksesi limoiksesi
abessive limattasi limoittasi
instructive
comitative limoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative limamme limamme
accusative nom. limamme limamme
gen. limamme
genitive limamme limojemme
limaimme rare
partitive limaamme limojamme
inessive limassamme limoissamme
elative limastamme limoistamme
illative limaamme limoihimme
adessive limallamme limoillamme
ablative limaltamme limoiltamme
allative limallemme limoillemme
essive limanamme limoinamme
translative limaksemme limoiksemme
abessive limattamme limoittamme
instructive
comitative limoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative limanne limanne
accusative nom. limanne limanne
gen. limanne
genitive limanne limojenne
limainne rare
partitive limaanne limojanne
inessive limassanne limoissanne
elative limastanne limoistanne
illative limaanne limoihinne
adessive limallanne limoillanne
ablative limaltanne limoiltanne
allative limallenne limoillenne
essive limananne limoinanne
translative limaksenne limoiksenne
abessive limattanne limoittanne
instructive
comitative limoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative limansa limansa
accusative nom. limansa limansa
gen. limansa
genitive limansa limojensa
limainsa rare
partitive limaansa limojaan
limojansa
inessive limassaan
limassansa
limoissaan
limoissansa
elative limastaan
limastansa
limoistaan
limoistansa
illative limaansa limoihinsa
adessive limallaan
limallansa
limoillaan
limoillansa
ablative limaltaan
limaltansa
limoiltaan
limoiltansa
allative limalleen
limallensa
limoilleen
limoillensa
essive limanaan
limanansa
limoinaan
limoinansa
translative limakseen
limaksensa
limoikseen
limoiksensa
abessive limattaan
limattansa
limoittaan
limoittansa
instructive
comitative limoineen
limoinensa

Derived terms

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compounds

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading

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Anagrams

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French

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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lima

  1. third-person singular past historic of limer

Anagrams

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Galician

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Etymology 1

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From Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة, from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)
[edit]

Etymology 2

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Attested since circa 1300. From Latin līma (file).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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lima f (plural limas)

  1. file, rasp
    • c. 1300, R. Martínez López, editor, General Estoria. Versión gallega del siglo XIV, Oviedo: Archivum, page 271:
      cõmo faz a lyma ao ferro, et a fornaz ao ouro que o purga et esmera et o faz puro et paresçe mellor, et cõmo faz outrosi o máále áá messe que a degrana em çeueyra et parte a palla do graão que e o mellor
      as the file does to iron, and the furnace to gold, that purges and cleans it and makes it pure and looks better; and also as the flail does to the harvest, that threshes it into sustenance and parts the straw and the grain, which is the best part
  2. (construction) hip rafter
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Verb

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lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “lyma”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “lyma”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • lima” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • lima” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • lima” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Gela

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Gothic

[edit]

Romanization

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lima

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌹𐌼𐌰

Hawaiian

[edit]
Hawaiian numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Base form: lima
    Cardinal: ʻelima
    Ordinal: lima
    Distributive: pālima
    Fractional: hapalima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Polynesian *lima (cognate with Maori rima), from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima (cognate with Malay lima), from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ma/, [ˈli.mə]

Numeral

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lima

  1. five
  2. fifth
[edit]

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand (part of the body)

Hiligaynon

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]
Hiligaynon numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima
    Ordinal: ikalima

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Etymology 2

[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

[edit]

líma

  1. lime fruit or tree (citrus)

Etymology 3

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

líma

  1. (anatomy) hand

Verb

[edit]

limá

  1. to handle

Iban

[edit]
Iban cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : kelima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Ibanag

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Icelandic

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. indefinite genitive plural of limur

Ilocano

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈlima/, [ˈli.ma]
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Indonesian

[edit]
Indonesian cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Malay lima, from Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Derived terms

[edit]
[edit]

Further reading

[edit]

Inonhan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Isinai

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Austronesian *lima

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Isnag

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Italian

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Hyphenation: lì‧ma

Etymology 1

[edit]

From Latin līma.

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural lime)

  1. file (cutting or smoothing tool)
Derived terms
[edit]

Etymology 2

[edit]

Of Istrian origin.

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural lime)

  1. (fishing) a reinforced line at both ends of a dragnet

Etymology 3

[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic لِيمَة (līma), from Persian لیمو (līmū).

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural lime)

  1. Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia)

Etymology 4

[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

[edit]

lima

  1. inflection of limare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

[edit]
  • lima1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • lima2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • lima3 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams

[edit]

Itawit

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Ivatan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Javanese

[edit]

Romanization

[edit]

lima

  1. Romanization of ꦭꦶꦩ

Kagayanen

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Kankanaey

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Kapampangan

[edit]
Kapampangan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : kalima

Etymology

[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈlimə/, [ˈliː.mə]

Numeral

[edit]

líma

  1. five

Kapingamarangi

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Kavalan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Kinaray-a

[edit]
Kinaray-a cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Latin

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *sley- (smooth; slick; sticky; slimy). Cognates include Latin limus, English slime, German Schleim (mucus, slime) and Ancient Greek λίμνη (límnē, marsh).[1]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

līma f (genitive līmae); first declension

  1. file (carpenter's tool)

Declension

[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līma līmae
Genitive līmae līmārum
Dative līmae līmīs
Accusative līmam līmās
Ablative līmā līmīs
Vocative līma līmae
[edit]

Descendants

[edit]
  • Albanian: limë
  • Catalan: llima
  • French: lime
  • Galician: lima
  • Italian: lima
  • Portuguese: lima
  • Sicilian: lima
  • Spanish: lima
  • Proto-Brythonic: *lliβ̃

References

[edit]
  • "lima", in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • "lima", in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lima in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • "lima", in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • "lima" in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • "lima", in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Walde, Alois, Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938) “lima”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 3rd edition, volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 801

Lau

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Limos Kalinga

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Lubuagan Kalinga

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Lusi

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Maguindanao

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Makasar

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima (Lontara spelling ᨒᨗᨆ)

  1. five

Etymology 2

[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qalima, from Proto-Austronesian *qalima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima (Lontara spelling ᨒᨗᨆ)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Malay

[edit]
Malay cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Alternative forms

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima (Jawi spelling ليم)

  1. (cardinal number) five
    Synonym: panca

Derived terms

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • "lima" in Kamus Dewan, Fourth Edition, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, →ISBN, 2005.
  • lima” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901) “ليم lima”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 629
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932) “lima”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume II, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, page 58

Manam

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Manggarai

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Mansaka

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Maori

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. Obsolete spelling of rima.

Mapun

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Maranao

[edit]
Maranao numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Derived terms

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Derived terms

[edit]

References

[edit]

Masbatenyo

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Mayoyao Ifugao

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Muduapa

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Mussau-Emira

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Nakanai

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Ngaju

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Niuatoputapu

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Niuean

[edit]
Niuean cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Northern Catanduanes Bicolano

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

Norwegian Bokmål

[edit]

Alternative forms

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

lima n pl

  1. definite plural of lim

Verb

[edit]

lima

  1. simple past of lime
  2. past participle of lime

Norwegian Nynorsk

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

lima n pl

  1. definite plural of lim

Nukuoro

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Old Javanese

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Paiwan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Pangasinan

[edit]

Numeral

[edit]

limá

  1. five

References

[edit]
  1. Benton, Richard Anthony, Pangasinan dictionary (1971)

Pangutaran Sama

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Papora

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Phuthi

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

[edit]

-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Polish

[edit]
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish lima, from Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة (lima), from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime), from Persian لیمو (lēmō, līmū).

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ma/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Syllabification: li‧ma

Noun

[edit]

lima f

  1. lime (citrus tree)
    Synonyms: limeta, limonka
  2. lime (green citrus fruit)

Declension

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]
  • lima in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lima in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

[edit]
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Pronunciation

[edit]
 

Etymology 1

[edit]

From Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)
Quotations
[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Etymology 2

[edit]

Borrowed from Latin līma.

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural limas)

  1. file (tool to smoothen a surface)
Quotations
[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Descendants
[edit]

Etymology 3

[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

[edit]

lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative
Quotations
[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:limar.

See also

[edit]
Colors in Portuguese · cores (layout · text)
     branco, alvo, cândido      cinza, gris,
cinzento
     preto, negro, atro
             vermelho,
encarnado, rubro,
salmão; carmim
             laranja,
cor de laranja; castanho,
marrom
             amarelo, lúteo; creme,
ocre
             verde-limão              verde              verde-água; verde-menta
             ciano,
turquesa; azul-petróleo
             azul-celeste              azul, índigo, anil
             violeta,
lilás
             magenta; roxo, púrpura              rosa,
cor-de-rosa, rosa-choque

Pukapukan

[edit]
Pukapukan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five
  2. fifth

Further reading

[edit]

Raga

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Ratahan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Rotuman

[edit]
Rotuman cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Roviana

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Sakizaya

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /li.ˈma/, [li.ˈma]

Noun

[edit]

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Samoan

[edit]
Samoan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Serbo-Croatian

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

Borrowed from Italian lima, from Latin līma.

Pronunciation

[edit]
  • IPA(key): /lîma/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Noun

[edit]

lȉma f (Cyrillic spelling ли̏ма)

  1. (regional) file (tool)

References

[edit]
  • lima” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Sikaiana

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Spanish

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]

From Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة (līma), from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)
    Synonym: (Mexico) limón
  2. (Mexico) sweet lime (fruit)
  3. (dialectal) lemon (fruit)
See also
[edit]

Etymology 2

[edit]

From Latin līma.

Noun

[edit]

lima f (plural limas)

  1. file (tool to smoothen a surface)
Derived terms
[edit]

Verb

[edit]

lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also

[edit]
Colors in Spanish · colores (layout · text)
     blanco      gris      negro
             rojo; carmín, carmesí              naranja, anaranjado; marrón              amarillo; crema
             lima              verde              menta
             cian, turquesa; azul-petróleo              celeste, cerúleo              azul
             violeta; añil, índigo              magenta; morado, púrpura              rosa, rosado

References

[edit]

Further reading

[edit]

Sundanese

[edit]

Romanization

[edit]

lima

  1. Romanization of ᮜᮤᮙ

Surigaonon

[edit]
Surigaonon cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Bisayan *lima, from Proto-Central Philippine *lima, from Proto-Philippine * lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian * lima, from Proto-Austronesian * lima. Cognate with Cebuano lima and Tausug lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Swahili

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Verb

[edit]

-lima (infinitive kulima)

  1. to cultivate, to farm
  2. to plough

Conjugation

[edit]
Conjugation of -lima
Positive present -nalima
Subjunctive -lime
Negative -limi
Imperative singular lima
Infinitives
Positive kulima
Negative kutolima
Imperatives
Singular lima
Plural limeni
Tensed forms
Habitual hulima
Positive past positive subject concord + -lilima
Negative past negative subject concord + -kulima
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nalima)
Singular Plural
1st person ninalima/nalima tunalima
2nd person unalima mnalima
3rd person m-wa(I/II) analima wanalima
other classes positive subject concord + -nalima
Negative present (negative subject concord + -limi)
Singular Plural
1st person silimi hatulimi
2nd person hulimi hamlimi
3rd person m-wa(I/II) halimi hawalimi
other classes negative subject concord + -limi
Positive future positive subject concord + -talima
Negative future negative subject concord + -talima
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -lime)
Singular Plural
1st person nilime tulime
2nd person ulime mlime
3rd person m-wa(I/II) alime walime
other classes positive subject concord + -lime
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -silime
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngelima
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singelima
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalilima
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalilima
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -alima)
Singular Plural
1st person nalima twalima
2nd person walima mwalima
3rd person m-wa(I/II) alima walima
m-mi(III/IV) walima yalima
ji-ma(V/VI) lalima yalima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chalima vyalima
n(IX/X) yalima zalima
u(XI) walima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwalima
pa(XVI) palima
mu(XVIII) mwalima
Perfect positive subject concord + -melima
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshalima
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jalima
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kilima
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipolima
Consecutive kalima / positive subject concord + -kalima
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kalime
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nilima -tulima
2nd person -kulima -walima/-kulimeni/-walimeni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mlima -walima
m-mi(III/IV) -ulima -ilima
ji-ma(V/VI) -lilima -yalima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kilima -vilima
n(IX/X) -ilima -zilima
u(XI) -ulima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kulima
pa(XVI) -palima
mu(XVIII) -mulima
Reflexive -jilima
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -lima- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -limaye -limao
m-mi(III/IV) -limao -limayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -limalo -limayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -limacho -limavyo
n(IX/X) -limayo -limazo
u(XI) -limao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -limako
pa(XVI) -limapo
mu(XVIII) -limamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -lima)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yelima -olima
m-mi(III/IV) -olima -yolima
ji-ma(V/VI) -lolima -yolima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -cholima -vyolima
n(IX/X) -yolima -zolima
u(XI) -olima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kolima
pa(XVI) -polima
mu(XVIII) -molima
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms

[edit]

Swazi

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

[edit]

-lima

  1. to plough

Inflection

[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Tagabawa

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Tagakaulu Kalagan

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

[edit]

lima

  1. five

Tagalog

[edit]
Tagalog numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima
    Spanish cardinal: singko
    Ordinal: ikalima, panlima
    Spanish ordinal: kinto, kinta
    Ordinal abbreviation: ika-5, pang-5
    Adverbial: makalima
    Multiplier: limang ibayo
    Distributive: tiglima, limahan, lima-lima
    Restrictive: lilima
    Fractional: kalima, sangkalima, ikalima, saikalima

Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima. Compare Atayal zima', Kanakanabu rima, Madurese lema, Malagasy dimy, Maori rima, Minangkabau limo, Rapa Nui rima, and Thao rima, Tiruray limo, Tongan nima, and Urak Lawoi' ลีมา (lima). See also Sanskrit नेम (nema, half).

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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limá (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜋ)

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Usage notes

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  • To describe the quantity of something, the number is placed before the noun and affixed with -ng enclitic suffix when the word ends with a vowel, and a separate preposition, na, for a consonant.
    Isang saging, dalawang pinya
    One banana, two pineapples
    Apat na mansanas, anim na mangga
    Four apples, six mangos

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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Taroko

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Etymology

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From Proto-Atayalic *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Tausug

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Noun

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lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Tetum

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Etymology

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From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

To'abaita

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

References

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  • Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita (2008)

Tokelauan

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈli.ma]
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Etymology 1

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Tokelauan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Samoan lima.

Verb

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lima

  1. (stative) to be five

Etymology 2

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Te lima (2).

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Samoan lima.

Noun

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lima

  1. (anatomy) arm, hand

References

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  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[3], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 185

Tolai

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Noun

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lima

(anatomy)

  1. hand
  2. arm
  3. foreleg

References

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  • Mosel, Ulrike (1980) Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (Pacific Linguistics; Series B, no. 73)‎[4], Canberra: Australian National University, →ISBN

Tuvaluan

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Tuvaluan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

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From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Uma

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Uneapa

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Further reading

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  • Terry Crowley et al, The Oceanic Languages (2013), page 368

Venda

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

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lima

  1. to cultivate

Votic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *lima.

Pronunciation

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  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈlimɑ/, [ˈlimɑ]
  • Rhymes: -imɑ
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Noun

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lima

  1. slime, mucus

Inflection

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Declension of lima (type III/jalkõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative lima limad
genitive lima limojõ, limoi
partitive limma limoitõ, limoi
illative limmasõ, limma limoisõ
inessive limaz limoiz
elative limassõ limoissõ
allative limalõ limoilõ
adessive limallõ limoillõ
ablative limaltõ limoiltõ
translative limassi limoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References

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  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “lima”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Waray-Waray

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Waray-Waray cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Woleaian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Xhosa

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

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-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Yami

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

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lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

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lima

  1. five

Yogad

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

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limá

  1. five

Zulu

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

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-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

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Tone L
Infinitive ukulima
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukulima ukungalimi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular lima -lime
Plural limani -limeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyalima, ngilima engilimayo, engilima ngilima angilimi engingalimi ngingalimi
2nd singular uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima ulima awulimi ongalimi ungalimi
1st plural siyalima, silima esilimayo, esilima silima asilimi esingalimi singalimi
2nd plural niyalima, nilima enilimayo, enilima nilima anilimi eningalimi ningalimi
Class 1 uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima elima akalimi ongalimi engalimi
Class 2 bayalima, balima abalimayo, abalima belima abalimi abangalimi bengalimi
Class 3 uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima ulima awulimi ongalimi ungalimi
Class 4 iyalima, ilima elimayo, elima ilima ayilimi engalimi ingalimi
Class 5 liyalima, lilima elilimayo, elilima lilima alilimi elingalimi lingalimi
Class 6 ayalima, alima alimayo, alima elima awalimi angalimi engalimi
Class 7 siyalima, silima esilimayo, esilima silima asilimi esingalimi singalimi
Class 8 ziyalima, zilima ezilimayo, ezilima zilima azilimi ezingalimi zingalimi
Class 9 iyalima, ilima elimayo, elima ilima ayilimi engalimi ingalimi
Class 10 ziyalima, zilima ezilimayo, ezilima zilima azilimi ezingalimi zingalimi
Class 11 luyalima, lulima olulimayo, olulima lulima alulimi olungalimi lungalimi
Class 14 buyalima, bulima obulimayo, obulima bulima abulimi obungalimi bungalimi
Class 15 kuyalima, kulima okulimayo, okulima kulima akulimi okungalimi kungalimi
Class 17 kuyalima, kulima okulimayo, okulima kulima akulimi okungalimi kungalimi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilimile, ngilimē engilimile, engilimē ngilimile, ngilimē angilimanga engingalimanga ngingalimanga
2nd singular ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē ulimile, ulimē awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
1st plural silimile, silimē esilimile, esilimē silimile, silimē asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
2nd plural nilimile, nilimē enilimile, enilimē nilimile, nilimē anilimanga eningalimanga ningalimanga
Class 1 ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē elimile, elimē akalimanga ongalimanga engalimanga
Class 2 balimile, balimē abalimile, abalimē belimile, belimē abalimanga abangalimanga bengalimanga
Class 3 ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē ulimile, ulimē awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
Class 4 ilimile, ilimē elimile, elimē ilimile, ilimē ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 5 lilimile, lilimē elilimile, elilimē lilimile, lilimē alilimanga elingalimanga lingalimanga
Class 6 alimile, alimē alimile, alimē elimile, elimē awalimanga angalimanga engalimanga
Class 7 silimile, silimē esilimile, esilimē silimile, silimē asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
Class 8 zilimile, zilimē ezilimile, ezilimē zilimile, zilimē azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 9 ilimile, ilimē elimile, elimē ilimile, ilimē ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 10 zilimile, zilimē ezilimile, ezilimē zilimile, zilimē azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 11 lulimile, lulimē olulimile, olulimē lulimile, lulimē alulimanga olungalimanga lungalimanga
Class 14 bulimile, bulimē obulimile, obulimē bulimile, bulimē abulimanga obungalimanga bungalimanga
Class 15 kulimile, kulimē okulimile, okulimē kulimile, kulimē akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Class 17 kulimile, kulimē okulimile, okulimē kulimile, kulimē akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngālima engālima ngālima angilimanga engingalimanga ngingalimanga
2nd singular wālima owālima wālima awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
1st plural sālima esālima sālima asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
2nd plural nālima enālima nālima anilimanga eningalimanga ningalimanga
Class 1 wālima owālima ālima akalimanga ongalimanga engalimanga
Class 2 bālima abālima bālima abalimanga abangalimanga bengalimanga
Class 3 wālima owālima wālima awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
Class 4 yālima eyālima yālima ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 5 lālima elālima lālima alilimanga elingalimanga lingalimanga
Class 6 ālima ālima ālima awalimanga angalimanga engalimanga
Class 7 sālima esālima sālima asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
Class 8 zālima ezālima zālima azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 9 yālima eyālima yālima ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 10 zālima ezālima zālima azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 11 lwālima olwālima lwālima alulimanga olungalimanga lungalimanga
Class 14 bālima obālima bālima abulimanga obungalimanga bungalimanga
Class 15 kwālima okwālima kwālima akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Class 17 kwālima okwālima kwālima akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingalima ngingalima ngingelime ngingelime
2nd singular ungalima ungalima ungelime ungelime
1st plural singalima singalima singelime singelime
2nd plural ningalima ningalima ningelime ningelime
Class 1 angalima engalima angelime engelime
Class 2 bangalima bengalima bangelime bengelime
Class 3 ungalima ungalima ungelime ungelime
Class 4 ingalima ingalima ingelime ingelime
Class 5 lingalima lingalima lingelime lingelime
Class 6 angalima engalima angelime engelime
Class 7 singalima singalima singelime singelime
Class 8 zingalima zingalima zingelime zingelime
Class 9 ingalima ingalima ingelime ingelime
Class 10 zingalima zingalima zingelime zingelime
Class 11 lungalima lungalima lungelime lungelime
Class 14 bungalima bungalima bungelime bungelime
Class 15 kungalima kungalima kungelime kungelime
Class 17 kungalima kungalima kungelime kungelime
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizolima engizolima ngizolima angizulima engingezulima ngingezulima
2nd singular uzolima ozolima uzolima awuzulima ongezulima ungezulima
1st plural sizolima esizolima sizolima asizulima esingezulima singezulima
2nd plural nizolima enizolima nizolima anizulima eningezulima ningezulima
Class 1 uzolima ozolima ezolima akazulima ongezulima engezulima
Class 2 bazolima abazolima bezolima abazulima abangezulima bengezulima
Class 3 uzolima ozolima uzolima awuzulima ongezulima ungezulima
Class 4 izolima ezolima izolima ayizulima engezulima ingezulima
Class 5 lizolima elizolima lizolima alizulima elingezulima lingezulima
Class 6 azolima azolima ezolima awazulima angezulima engezulima
Class 7 sizolima esizolima sizolima asizulima esingezulima singezulima
Class 8 zizolima ezizolima zizolima azizulima ezingezulima zingezulima
Class 9 izolima ezolima izolima ayizulima engezulima ingezulima
Class 10 zizolima ezizolima zizolima azizulima ezingezulima zingezulima
Class 11 luzolima oluzolima luzolima aluzulima olungezulima lungezulima
Class 14 buzolima obuzolima buzolima abuzulima obungezulima bungezulima
Class 15 kuzolima okuzolima kuzolima akuzulima okungezulima kungezulima
Class 17 kuzolima okuzolima kuzolima akuzulima okungezulima kungezulima
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyolima engiyolima ngiyolima angiyulima engingeyulima ngingeyulima
2nd singular uyolima oyolima uyolima awuyulima ongeyulima ungeyulima
1st plural siyolima esiyolima siyolima asiyulima esingeyulima singeyulima
2nd plural niyolima eniyolima niyolima aniyulima eningeyulima ningeyulima
Class 1 uyolima oyolima eyolima akayulima ongeyulima engeyulima
Class 2 bayolima abayolima beyolima abayulima abangeyulima bengeyulima
Class 3 uyolima oyolima uyolima awuyulima ongeyulima ungeyulima
Class 4 iyolima eyolima iyolima ayiyulima engeyulima ingeyulima
Class 5 liyolima eliyolima liyolima aliyulima elingeyulima lingeyulima
Class 6 ayolima ayolima eyolima awayulima angeyulima engeyulima
Class 7 siyolima esiyolima siyolima asiyulima esingeyulima singeyulima
Class 8 ziyolima eziyolima ziyolima aziyulima ezingeyulima zingeyulima
Class 9 iyolima eyolima iyolima ayiyulima engeyulima ingeyulima
Class 10 ziyolima eziyolima ziyolima aziyulima ezingeyulima zingeyulima
Class 11 luyolima oluyolima luyolima aluyulima olungeyulima lungeyulima
Class 14 buyolima obuyolima buyolima abuyulima obungeyulima bungeyulima
Class 15 kuyolima okuyolima kuyolima akuyulima okungeyulima kungeyulima
Class 17 kuyolima okuyolima kuyolima akuyulima okungeyulima kungeyulima
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilime ngingalimi
2nd singular ulime ungalimi
1st plural silime singalimi
2nd plural nilime ningalimi
Class 1 alime angalimi
Class 2 balime bangalimi
Class 3 ulime ungalimi
Class 4 ilime ingalimi
Class 5 lilime lingalimi
Class 6 alime angalimi
Class 7 silime singalimi
Class 8 zilime zingalimi
Class 9 ilime ingalimi
Class 10 zilime zingalimi
Class 11 lulime lungalimi
Class 14 bulime bungalimi
Class 15 kulime kungalimi
Class 17 kulime kungalimi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngalima ngangalima, angalima, angangalima
2nd singular walima wangalima, awalima, awangalima
1st plural salima sangalima, asalima, asangalima
2nd plural nalima nangalima, analima, anangalima
Class 1 walima wangalima, akalima, akangalima
Class 2 balima bangalima, abalima, abangalima
Class 3 walima wangalima, awalima, awangalima
Class 4 yalima yangalima, ayalima, ayangalima
Class 5 lalima langalima, alalima, alangalima
Class 6 alima angalima, awalima, awangalima
Class 7 salima sangalima, asalima, asangalima
Class 8 zalima zangalima, azalima, azangalima
Class 9 yalima yangalima, ayalima, ayangalima
Class 10 zalima zangalima, azalima, azangalima
Class 11 lwalima lwangalima, alwalima, alwangalima
Class 14 balima bangalima, abalima, abangalima
Class 15 kwalima kwangalima, akwalima, akwangalima
Class 17 kwalima kwangalima, akwalima, akwangalima

Derived terms

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References

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