preto

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See also: prêto

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese preto.

Adjective[edit]

preto ? (Latin spelling)

  1. black

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *apreto, from apretar, from Late Latin appectorāre, from Latin pectus (chest).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

preto m (plural pretos, feminine preta, feminine plural pretas)

  1. black

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

preto

  1. near

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Old Portuguese · coores, colores (layout · text)
     vermello      verde      amarelo      ?      branco
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rosa
     ?      azur      ?      gris      ?
     negro, preto      cardẽo      castanno      ?      ?

Portuguese[edit]

preto

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese preto (black, near), from earlier *apreto, from apretar (Modern Portuguese apertar (tighten, press, clamp)), from Late Latin appectorāre, from Latin pectus (chest). The semantic evolution to "black" or "dark" comes through the sense of "dense" or "thick". See also the related perto. Another common, but less likely, etymology suggested is a Vulgar Latin *prettus, from pressus[1].

Compare Asturian and Leonese prietu and Spanish prieto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

preto m (feminine singular preta, masculine plural pretos, feminine plural pretas, comparable)

  1. black; black in colour
    Tecido preto esquenta mais rápido.
    Black cloth heats up more quickly
  2. (idiomatic, of situations) bad; very adverse
    A coisa está preta.
    The current situation is bad.
  3. (pejorative, of a person) black (dark-skinned)
    Uma mulher preta passou por aqui.
    A black woman was here.
  4. (loosely) being the darkest of its kind
    pão pretorye bread
    peças pretas de xadrezblack chess pieces
    nuvem pretablack cloud

Synonyms[edit]

  • (black in colour): negro (somewhat formal)
  • (adverse): feio, adverso (formal)
  • (dark-skinned): negro (neutral)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

preto m (plural pretos, feminine preta, feminine plural pretas)

  1. the color black
    O preto é a mais escura das cores.
    Black is the darkest colour.
  2. (derogatory) a black man
    Uma preta passou por aqui.
    A black woman was here.
  3. black clothing
    Pessoas em luto se vestem de preto.
    Mourners dress in black.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Portuguese · cores (layout · text)
     vermelho      verde      amarelo      creme      branco
     carmim      magenta      azul-petróleo      lima      rosa,
cor-de-rosa
     índigo,
anil
     azul      laranja,
cor-de-laranja
     cinza      violeta
     preto      roxo      castanho,
marrom
     azul céu      ciano

References[edit]