hence

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A later Middle English spelling, retaining the breathy -s, of hennes, (henne + adverbial genitive ending -s), from Old English heonan (away", "hence), from a West Germanic root *hin- (compare Old Saxon hinan, Old High German hinnan, German hinnen, Dutch heen, Swedish hän); related to Old English her (here).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hence (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) from here, from this place, away
    I'm going hence, because you have insulted me.
    Get thee hence, Satan!
  2. (archaic, figuratively) from the living or from this world
    After a long battle, my poor daughter was taken hence.
  3. (archaic, of a length of time) in the future from now
    A year hence it will be forgotten.
  4. (conjunctive) as a result; therefore, for this reason
    I shall go to Japan and hence will not be here in time for the party.
    The purse is handmade and hence very expensive.
    • 1910, Sun Tzu, Lionel Giles (translator), The Art of War, Section VI: Weak Points and Strong, 8,
      Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend; and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack.
    • 1910, [1513], Niccolò Machiavelli, Ninian Hill Thomson (translator), The Prince, Chapter VI,
      Hence it comes that all armed Prophets have been victorious, and all unarmed Prophets have been destroyed.
    • 1731 May 27, Benjamin Franklin, Apology for Printers, published in The Pennsylvania Gazette,
      That hence arises the peculiar Unhappiness of that Business, which other Callings are no way liable to;
  5. (temporal location) from this time, from now
    The plane will leave two months hence.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

hence (third-person singular simple present hences, present participle hencing, simple past and past participle henced)

  1. (obsolete) To send away.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Philip Sidney to this entry?)