hence

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See also: Hence

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A later Middle English spelling, retaining the voiceless -s, of hennes (henne + adverbial genitive ending -s), from Old English heonan (away", "hence), from a Proto-West Germanic *hin-, from Proto-Germanic *hiz.

Cognate with Old Saxon hinan, Old High German hinnan (German hinnen), Dutch heen, Swedish hän. Related to Old English her (here).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛns/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛns

Adverb[edit]

hence (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) from here, from this place, away
    I'm going hence, because you have insulted me.
    Get thee hence, Satan!
    • 1599-1601, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Act 4, Scene 1:
      O Gertrude, come away! / The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch, / But we will ship him hence:
    • 1849, Arthur Hugh Clough, Easter Day (Naples, 1849):
      Ye men of Galilee! / Why stand ye looking up to heaven, where Him ye ne’er may see, / Neither ascending hence, nor returning hither again?
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      `Now leave me,' she said, `and sleep if ye may. I must watch and think, for to-morrow night we go hence, and the time is long since I trod the path that we must follow.'
  2. (archaic, figuratively) from the living or from this world
    After a long battle, my poor daughter was taken hence.
  3. (of a length of time) in the future from now
    A year hence it will be forgotten.
  4. (conjunctive) as a result; therefore, for this reason
    I shall go to Japan and hence will not be here in time for the party.
    The purse is handmade and hence very expensive.
    • 1910, Sun Tzu, Lionel Giles (translator), The Art of War, Section VI: Weak Points and Strong, 8:
      Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend; and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack.
    • 1910, [1513], Niccolò Machiavelli, Ninian Hill Thomson (translator), The Prince, Chapter VI:
      Hence it comes that all armed Prophets have been victorious, and all unarmed Prophets have been destroyed.
    • 1731 May 27, Benjamin Franklin, Apology for Printers, published in The Pennsylvania Gazette:
      That hence arises the peculiar Unhappiness of that Business, which other Callings are no way liable to;

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Interjection[edit]

hence

  1. (obsolete) Go away! Begone!
    "...Hence! and bestow your dead
    Where no wrong against him cries!"

Anagrams[edit]