所以

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Chinese[edit]

actually; place; (nominalisation prefix)
 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(所以)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (36)
Final () (22) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɨʌX/ /jɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃiɔX/ /jɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɔX/ /ieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂɨə̆X/ /jɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʃiɔX/ /iəX/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭoX/ /jĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi̯woX/ /iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ləʔ/
English take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 5306 14929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰraʔ/ /*lɯʔ/

Adverb[edit]

所以

  1. therefore; so; consequently
    明天考試所以今天家裡複習功課 [MSC, trad.]
    明天考试所以今天家里复习功课 [MSC, simp.]
    Míngtiān yào kǎoshì le, suǒyǐ wǒ jīntiān zhǐ néng liú zài jiālǐ fúxí gōngkè. [Pinyin]
    I have a test tomorrow, therefore I have to stay at home today and review my homework.

Conjunction[edit]

所以

  1. Used in the first part of a sentence to indicate a reason that will be explained in the second part of the sentence.
    所以反對這個計畫因為覺得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, trad.]
    所以反对这个计画因为觉得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, simp.]
    suǒyǐ yào fǎnduì zhège jìhuà, shì yīnwèi wǒ jiàodé qízhōng yǒu bùshào shūlòu. [Pinyin]
    My reason for opposing this plan, is because I feel that there are quite a few holes in it.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

ゆえになり > ゆえんなり > ゆえん. See (ゆえ, yue).

Characters are used as jukujikun.

Noun[edit]

所以 ‎(hiragana ゆえん, romaji yuen)

  1. reason, grounds