所以

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Chinese[edit]

actually; place; (nominalisation prefix)
 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(所以)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (所以, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final: (22)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɨʌX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʂɨə̆X/ /ʃiɔX/ /ʃĭoX/ /ʂi̯woX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jɨX/ /jɨX/ /ieX/ /jɨX/ /iəX/ /jĭəX/ /iX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (所以, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yiX › /*ləʔ/ take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5306 0 /*sqʰraʔ/
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

Adverb[edit]

所以

  1. therefore; so; consequently
    明天考試所以今天家裡複習功課 [MSC, trad.]
    明天考试所以今天家里复习功课 [MSC, simp.]
    Míngtiān yào kǎoshì le, suǒyǐ wǒ jīntiān zhǐ néng liú zài jiālǐ fúxí gōngkè. [Pinyin]
    I have a test tomorrow, therefore I have to stay at home today and review my homework.

Conjunction[edit]

所以

  1. Used in the first part of a sentence to indicate a reason that will be explained in the second part of the sentence.
    所以反對這個計畫因為覺得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, trad.]
    所以反对这个计画因为觉得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, simp.]
    suǒyǐ yào fǎnduì zhège jìhuà, shì yīnwèi wǒ jiàodé qízhōng yǒu bùshào shūlòu. [Pinyin]
    My reason for opposing this plan, is because I feel that there are quite a few holes in it.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

ゆえになり > ゆえんなり > ゆえん. See (ゆえ, yue).

Characters are used as jukujikun.

Noun[edit]

所以 ‎(hiragana ゆえん, romaji yuen)

  1. reason, grounds