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U+4F4D, 位
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4D

[U+4F4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F4E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
位-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿 (OYT), four-corner 20218, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 503
  • Dae Jaweon: page 206, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 138, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F4D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
位-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs, *rɯbs
*rɯbs
*ɢʷrɯbs
*ruːb
*ruːb
*sluːb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb
*rɯb
*rɯb
*ɡ·rɯb, *ɡrɯb
*rɯb
*r̥ʰɯb
*kʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷrɯbs): semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *rɯb, stand). Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap (to stand). Cognate with (OC *rɯb).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
Harbin /uei⁵³/
Tianjin /vei⁵³/
Jinan /vei²¹/
Qingdao /ve⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
Xi'an /uei⁴⁴/
Xining /uɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /vei¹³/
Lanzhou /vei¹³/
Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
Wuhan /uei³⁵/
Chengdu /uei¹³/
Guiyang /uei²¹³/
Kunming /uei²¹²/
Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /uei³⁵/
Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦue²³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /vu²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
/y¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
/uei¹¹/
Xiangtan /uəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁵³/
Taoyuan /vui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²²/
Nanning /wɐi²²/
Hong Kong /wɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiH/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷrəp-s/ (< *ɢʷəʔ-rəp-s ?)
English standing, position

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7865
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷrɯbs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. position; location
  2. title; official position
  3. seat; seating
  4. throne; royal seat
  5. rank; grade; status
  6. standard; rule
  7. (honorific) people
  8. digit
    /   ―  sān wèi shù  ―  three-digit number
  9. (often polite) Classifier for persons.
    歌手 / 歌手  ―  zhè wèi gēshǒu  ―  this singer
    先生  ―  wèi xiānshēng  ―  that man
  10. to be situated at; to be located at
  11. to arrange; to set out

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on’yomi

Middle Chinese

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. rank, place
Derived terms[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -i, historical hiragana )

  1. rank, place
    第1 (だいいち) ()ある
    Dai-ichi-i de aru.
    To be ranked first.
     () ()なる
    Ni-i ni naru.
    To take second place.
     (じゅ) () () ()ちる
    Jū-i ni ochiru.
    To drop to tenth place.
  2. decimal place
  3. ghosts

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
くらい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Compound of (kura, high place) +‎ (i, residence).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くらい, rōmaji kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. grade, rank
     (くらい) ()がる (くらい) (くだ)
    Kurai ga agaru, kurai ga kudasu.
    To rise in rank, to lower in rank.
     (くらい) (たか) (ひと)
    Kurai no takai hito.
    A high-ranked person.
  2. the throne, the crown
     (くらい) (ゆず)
    Kurai o yuzuru.
    Abdicate the throne.
     (くらい)つく
    Kurai ni tsuku.
    Assume the throne.
  3. (mathematics) place, position
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana くらい, rōmaji -kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. seat, position, rank, grade

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vị, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]