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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
位-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿 (OYT), four-corner 20218, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 503
  • Dae Jaweon: page 206, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 138, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F4D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
位-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷrɯbs): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic  ‎(OC *rɯb, stand). Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-r(j)ap ‎(to stand). Cognate with (OC *rɯb).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵¹/
Harbin /uei⁵³/
Tianjin /vei⁵³/
Jinan /vei²¹/
Qingdao /ve⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uei³¹²/
Xi'an /uei⁴⁴/
Xining /uɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /vei¹³/
Lanzhou /vei¹³/
Ürümqi /vei²¹³/
Wuhan /uei³⁵/
Chengdu /uei¹³/
Guiyang /uei²¹³/
Kunming /uei²¹²/
Nanjing /uəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /uei³⁵/
Hohhot /vei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦue²³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /vu²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
/y¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁵⁵/
/uei¹¹/
Xiangtan /uəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁵³/
Taoyuan /vui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²²/
Nanning /wɐi²²/
Hong Kong /wɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiH/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷrəp-s/ (< *ɢʷəʔ-rəp-s ?)
English standing, position

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7865
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷrɯbs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. position; location
  2. title; official position
  3. seat; seating
  4. throne; royal seat
  5. rank; grade; status
  6. standard; rule
  7. (honorific) people
  8. digit
    /   ―  sān wèi shù  ―  three-digit number
  9. (often polite) Classifier for persons.
    歌手 / 歌手  ―  zhè wèi gēshǒu  ―  this singer
    先生  ―  wèi xiānshēng  ―  that man
  10. to be situated at; to be located at
  11. to arrange; to set out

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

See also 位する

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -i, historical hiragana )

  1. rank, place
    • である
      だいいちいである
      dai ichi-i de aru
      be ranked first
    • になる
      にいになる
      ni-i ni naru
      take second place
    • 10落ちる
      じゅういにおちる
      jū-i ni ochiru
      drop to tenth place
  2. decimal place
  3. ghosts

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くらい, romaji kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. grade, rank
    • 上がる [下す]
      くらいがあがる [くだす]
      kurai ga agaru [kudasu]
      rise [lower] in rank
    • 高い
      くらいのたかいひと
      kurai no takai hito
      a high-ranked person
  2. the throne, the crown
    • 譲る
      くらいをゆずる
      kurai o yuzuru
      abdicate the throne
    • つく
      くらいにつく
      kurai ni tsuku
      assume the throne
  3. (mathematics) place, position

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana くらい, romaji -kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. seat, position, rank, grade

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vị, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

  • 形位 ‎(hình vị)

References[edit]