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U+4F4E, 低
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4E

[U+4F4D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F4F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
低-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹心一 (OHPM) or 人竹女戈 (OHVI), four-corner 22240, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F4E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tiːl
*tiːl, *til
*tiːl
*tiːl
*tiːl, *djilʔ
*tiːl, *dil
*tiːl
*tiːl, *tiːls
*tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ, *diːl
*tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːls
*tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils
*til
*til
*til
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*tjil
*tjilʔ, *tjɯʔ
*tjilʔ
*tʰjil
*kjeʔ, *tjil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːl): semantic (man, person) + phonetic (OC *tiːl, *til) – a person lowering themselves, bowing.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛj/
Li
Rong
/tei/
Wang
Li
/tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2234
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. low (of height)
  2. low (of quantity); behind average
  3. low (of voice); quiet; soft
  4. to lower; to hang (one's head); to bend; to bow

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. low
  2. short
  3. humble

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đây, đay, đê)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]