đây

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Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

đây (, )

  1. this place here
    Tôi là ai ? Đây là đâu !?
    Who am I? Where am I !?
    Mày ở đâu ?
    Đây, bên tay trái mày nè !
    Where are you?
    Here, to your left!
  2. this thing/person
    Đây là phòng ngủ.
    This is the bedroom.

Particle[edit]

đây

  1. emphasizes the very thing or person here
    Chính hắn đây chứ không ai khác.
    It's him and no one else.
  2. forms a question expressing uncertainty or doubt
    Biết làm sao đây.
    Ah geez, what am I gonna do now?

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

See also[edit]

Vietnamese demonstratives
Laurence Thompson (1965), Vietnamese Grammar
Unspecified Close to the
speaker or
newly introduced
Remote,
already identified
PLACE
đ- (first register)
đâu
‘wherever’
đây
‘here’
đấy
‘there’
REFERENCE
n- (second register)
nào
‘whichever’
này
‘this’
nọ
‘that’
PROPORTION
b- (first register)
bao
‘to whatever extent’
bây
‘to this extent’
bấy
‘to that extent’
MANNER
s- (first register)
v- (second register)
sao
‘however’
vầy
‘this way’
vậy
‘that way’
Nguyễn Phú Phong (1992), “Vietnamese Demonstratives Revisited”
D
(Indefinite)
D1
(Proximal)
D2
(Medial)
D3
(Distal)
+NOM(inal) đâu
place-what
đây
place-this
đấy
place-that1
±NOM(inal) đó
(place-)that1
kia
(place-)that2
–NOM(inal) nào
what
nầy
this
nấy/ấy
that1
nọ
that2