ri

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the McCune-Reischauer romanization of Korean (ri), from Mandarin Chinese ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri (plural ris or li)

  1. (Units of measure) Synonym of li as a Korean unit of distance equivalent to about 393 m.
  2. (music) The solfeggio syllable used to indicate the sharp of the second note of a major scale, enharmonic to me.


Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *rija, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁r̥wo-, zero-grade of *h₁orwo- (compare Old English earu (quick), Tocharian B ārwer (ready), Avestan 𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀(auruua, quick, brave)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

i ri m (feminine e re, masculine plural rinj, feminine plural reja)

  1. young
    një vajzë e re
    a young girl
  2. new
    filma të rinj
    new movies

Anguthimri[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri

  1. (Mpakwithi) excrement

References[edit]

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 188

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin reus. Compare Italian rio, Romanian rău.

Adjective[edit]

ri (feminine raja)

  1. bad

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ri (imperative ri, present rir or rier, past riede, past participle riet)

  1. baste, tack (to sew with wide stitches to temporarily fasten pieces of cloth)

Derived terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ri/
  • Hyphenation: ri
  • Audio:
    (file)

Pronoun[edit]

ri (accusative rin, possessive ria)

  1. (gender-neutral, nonstandard) they (singular). A gender-neutral singular third-person personal pronoun.
    • 1997, Liland Brajant ROS', “Pri Sennaciistaj postulatoj”, in soc.culture.esperanto, Usenet[1]:
      Kial gravas, kiu ri estas?
      Why is it important, who they are?
    • 2006, “Maldormemo mia”, in Eksenlime, performed by La Perdita Generacio:
      Najbaro laboranta en la sama laborejo / En la bela domo ri ne pentras plu
      A neighbor working in the same workplace / In the beautiful house they don't paint anymore
    • 2014, Roland Bonkorpa, “Fiinsulo”, in Beletra Almanako, number 21, New York, N.Y.: Mondial, →ISBN, ISSN 1937-3325, OCLC 156908050, page 32:
      Ri estis la plej pacienca kaj inteligenta hundo, kiun mi iam renkontis.
      They were the most patient and intelligent dog I had ever met.

Usage notes[edit]

In 1976, the gender-neutral pronoun ri was presented for the first time alongside the pronouns li (he) and ŝi (she). Until about 2010, it remained a seldom used experimental word, but after 2010 its use has increased significantly, especially in youth circles in Western countries. Comparable to English epicene pronouns. Also read about gender reform in Esperanto. Alternatives include expanding the use of the demonstrative pronoun tiu (that one) or using the similarly proscribed ŝli.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (neologism, proscribed) ŝli

Holonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ri m (feminine singular rie, masculine plural ris, feminine plural ries)

  1. past participle of rire

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese rir. Cognate with Kabuverdianu ri.

Verb[edit]

ri

  1. to laugh

Igbo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (inherent tone): IPA(key): /rí/

Verb[edit]

  1. to eat, to absorb.
    Ha na-eri nri.
    They are eating food.
    • 2019, Bịabụlụ Nsọ nʼIgbo Ndị Ugbu a, Biblica Inc., Luke 24:43:
      O we nara ya, rie n'iru ha.
      He then took it and ate it in front of them.
  2. to acquire.

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ri m

  1. masculine plural of rio

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ri

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri

  1. thorn
  2. fishbone

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese rir.

Verb[edit]

ri

  1. to laugh

Lashi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ri

  1. Turns the preceding word into an accusative.

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Makasar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *di, from Proto-Austronesian *di.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ri (Lontara spelling ᨑᨗ)

  1. general preposition (in, at, to etc.)

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ri

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Nabi[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ríða

Verb[edit]

ri (imperative ri, present tense rir, simple past red or rei, past participle ridd, present participle riende)

  1. to ride (an animal, e.g. a horse)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hríð.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri f (definite singular ria, indefinite plural rier, definite plural riene)

  1. attack, sudden pain or mood
  2. a short while
  3. period with harsh weather
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse ríða, from Proto-Germanic *rīdaną.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ri (present tense rir, past tense rei, past participle ridd or ridt or ride, present participle ridande, imperative ri)

  1. to ride (an animal)
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri

  1. thorn
  2. thorny plant

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ri

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of rir
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of rir
  3. first-person singular (eu) preterite indicative of rir

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish fri, from Old Irish fri. Cognates include Irish fré and Manx rish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ri (+ dative)

  1. with, to
  2. against
    ris a' ghaoithagainst the wind
  3. up
    Chaidh iad ris an leathad.They went up the hillside.
  4. as (with cho)
    Tha Seòras cho righinn ri ròn.George is as tough as nails.
    (literally "George is as tough as a seal.")

Inflection[edit]

Personal inflection of ri
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st rium riumsa
2nd riut riutsa
3rd m ris ris-san
3rd f rithe rithese
Plural 1st ruinn ruinne
2nd ruibh ruibhse
3rd riutha riuthasan

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form is used before nouns without the definite article; before the definite article the form ris is used:
    ri catwith a cat
    ris a' chatwith the cat
  • Used before a noun or a verbal noun to mean up to or involved in:
    Bha a' chlann sin ri mì-mhodh.Those children were up to no good.
    Bha i an urra ris an losgadh anns a' Chròthais beagan bhliadhnachan an dèidh cogadh Iugoslabhach.She was responsible for the shooting in Croatia a few years after the Yugoslav War.
  • In the Lewis dialect, ri is used instead of ag or a' before a verbal noun to form present participles:
    Tha mi ri seinn.I am singing.
    (As opposed to Tha mi a' seinn, which has the same meaning.)
  • Followed by a prepositional pronoun takes a passive voice meaning:
    Tha na h-eòin tarraingeach rin amharc.The birds are attractive to watch.
    (literally "to their watching")

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ri

  1. (Central Vietnam) like this

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

ri

  1. Soft mutation of rhi.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
rhi ri unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ɾí/

Noun[edit]

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ɾí/

Verb[edit]

  1. (transitive) to see
  2. (intransitive) to look like

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (intransitive) to sink, to drown
  2. (transitive) to sink

Verb[edit]

ri

  1. Alternative form of (to sink) used before object nouns

Zazaki[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɾi]
  • Hyphenation: ri

Noun[edit]

ri m

  1. face