raja

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See also: Raja, rajá, rája, rajā, rāja, rājā, and рая

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja (plural rajas)

  1. Alternative spelling of rajah

Anagrams[edit]

Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi राजा (rājā), from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja (Bengali script রাজা)

  1. king

References[edit]

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

raja

  1. Romanization of ᬭᬚ
  2. Romanization of ᬭᬵᬚ

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish rajá and French radjah, from Hindi राजा (rājā), from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /raxa/, [ra.xa]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /raja/, [ra.ja]

Noun[edit]

raja anim

  1. rajah

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "raja" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • raja” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Brunei Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Malay raja from jawi script راج

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. king

Coordinate terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

raja

  1. inflection of rajar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja m (plural raja's, diminutive rajaatje n)

  1. (rare) Alternative form of radja

Anagrams[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Either from Old East Slavic краи (krai), or a newer loan from Russian край (kraj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja (genitive raja, partitive raja)

  1. border
Declension[edit]
Declension of raja (ÕS type 17/elu, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative raja rajad
accusative nom.
gen. raja
genitive rajade
partitive raja rajasid
illative rajja
rajasse
rajadesse
inessive rajas rajades
elative rajast rajadest
allative rajale rajadele
adessive rajal rajadel
ablative rajalt rajadelt
translative rajaks rajadeks
terminative rajani rajadeni
essive rajana rajadena
abessive rajata rajadeta
comitative rajaga rajadega

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. genitive singular of rada

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑjɑ/, [ˈrɑ̝jɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑjɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ra‧ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic краи (krai), from Proto-Slavic *krajь. The same word was also borrowed into other Finnic languages, such as Estonian raja, Ingrian raja, Karelian raja, Ludian raja, Votic raja.

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. border, boundary, limit, line (line or frontier area separating political or geographical regions)
    maan rajatcountry borders
    kaupungin rajatcity limits
  2. limit, bound, confine (any other kind of restriction when likened to those bounding a geographical region, e.g. when a value must stay within a range)
  3. line (exterior limit of a figure)
  4. (sports) line (any line on the playfield which acts as a boundary or border within certain rules)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of raja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative raja rajat
genitive rajan rajojen
partitive rajaa rajoja
illative rajaan rajoihin
singular plural
nominative raja rajat
accusative nom. raja rajat
gen. rajan
genitive rajan rajojen
rajainrare
partitive rajaa rajoja
inessive rajassa rajoissa
elative rajasta rajoista
illative rajaan rajoihin
adessive rajalla rajoilla
ablative rajalta rajoilta
allative rajalle rajoille
essive rajana rajoina
translative rajaksi rajoiksi
abessive rajatta rajoitta
instructive rajoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of raja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rajani rajani
accusative nom. rajani rajani
gen. rajani
genitive rajani rajojeni
rajainirare
partitive rajaani rajojani
inessive rajassani rajoissani
elative rajastani rajoistani
illative rajaani rajoihini
adessive rajallani rajoillani
ablative rajaltani rajoiltani
allative rajalleni rajoilleni
essive rajanani rajoinani
translative rajakseni rajoikseni
abessive rajattani rajoittani
instructive
comitative rajoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rajasi rajasi
accusative nom. rajasi rajasi
gen. rajasi
genitive rajasi rajojesi
rajaisirare
partitive rajaasi rajojasi
inessive rajassasi rajoissasi
elative rajastasi rajoistasi
illative rajaasi rajoihisi
adessive rajallasi rajoillasi
ablative rajaltasi rajoiltasi
allative rajallesi rajoillesi
essive rajanasi rajoinasi
translative rajaksesi rajoiksesi
abessive rajattasi rajoittasi
instructive
comitative rajoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rajamme rajamme
accusative nom. rajamme rajamme
gen. rajamme
genitive rajamme rajojemme
rajaimmerare
partitive rajaamme rajojamme
inessive rajassamme rajoissamme
elative rajastamme rajoistamme
illative rajaamme rajoihimme
adessive rajallamme rajoillamme
ablative rajaltamme rajoiltamme
allative rajallemme rajoillemme
essive rajanamme rajoinamme
translative rajaksemme rajoiksemme
abessive rajattamme rajoittamme
instructive
comitative rajoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rajanne rajanne
accusative nom. rajanne rajanne
gen. rajanne
genitive rajanne rajojenne
rajainnerare
partitive rajaanne rajojanne
inessive rajassanne rajoissanne
elative rajastanne rajoistanne
illative rajaanne rajoihinne
adessive rajallanne rajoillanne
ablative rajaltanne rajoiltanne
allative rajallenne rajoillenne
essive rajananne rajoinanne
translative rajaksenne rajoiksenne
abessive rajattanne rajoittanne
instructive
comitative rajoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rajansa rajansa
accusative nom. rajansa rajansa
gen. rajansa
genitive rajansa rajojensa
rajainsarare
partitive rajaansa rajojaan
rajojansa
inessive rajassaan
rajassansa
rajoissaan
rajoissansa
elative rajastaan
rajastansa
rajoistaan
rajoistansa
illative rajaansa rajoihinsa
adessive rajallaan
rajallansa
rajoillaan
rajoillansa
ablative rajaltaan
rajaltansa
rajoiltaan
rajoiltansa
allative rajalleen
rajallensa
rajoilleen
rajoillensa
essive rajanaan
rajanansa
rajoinaan
rajoinansa
translative rajakseen
rajaksensa
rajoikseen
rajoiksensa
abessive rajattaan
rajattansa
rajoittaan
rajoittansa
instructive
comitative rajoineen
rajoinensa
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *raja (worn out object).

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. (especially in compounds, otherwise dialectal) a worn out object, something worn
Declension[edit]
Inflection of raja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative raja rajat
genitive rajan rajojen
partitive rajaa rajoja
illative rajaan rajoihin
singular plural
nominative raja rajat
accusative nom. raja rajat
gen. rajan
genitive rajan rajojen
rajainrare
partitive rajaa rajoja
inessive rajassa rajoissa
elative rajasta rajoista
illative rajaan rajoihin
adessive rajalla rajoilla
ablative rajalta rajoilta
allative rajalle rajoille
essive rajana rajoina
translative rajaksi rajoiksi
abessive rajatta rajoitta
instructive rajoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of raja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rajani rajani
accusative nom. rajani rajani
gen. rajani
genitive rajani rajojeni
rajainirare
partitive rajaani rajojani
inessive rajassani rajoissani
elative rajastani rajoistani
illative rajaani rajoihini
adessive rajallani rajoillani
ablative rajaltani rajoiltani
allative rajalleni rajoilleni
essive rajanani rajoinani
translative rajakseni rajoikseni
abessive rajattani rajoittani
instructive
comitative rajoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rajasi rajasi
accusative nom. rajasi rajasi
gen. rajasi
genitive rajasi rajojesi
rajaisirare
partitive rajaasi rajojasi
inessive rajassasi rajoissasi
elative rajastasi rajoistasi
illative rajaasi rajoihisi
adessive rajallasi rajoillasi
ablative rajaltasi rajoiltasi
allative rajallesi rajoillesi
essive rajanasi rajoinasi
translative rajaksesi rajoiksesi
abessive rajattasi rajoittasi
instructive
comitative rajoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rajamme rajamme
accusative nom. rajamme rajamme
gen. rajamme
genitive rajamme rajojemme
rajaimmerare
partitive rajaamme rajojamme
inessive rajassamme rajoissamme
elative rajastamme rajoistamme
illative rajaamme rajoihimme
adessive rajallamme rajoillamme
ablative rajaltamme rajoiltamme
allative rajallemme rajoillemme
essive rajanamme rajoinamme
translative rajaksemme rajoiksemme
abessive rajattamme rajoittamme
instructive
comitative rajoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rajanne rajanne
accusative nom. rajanne rajanne
gen. rajanne
genitive rajanne rajojenne
rajainnerare
partitive rajaanne rajojanne
inessive rajassanne rajoissanne
elative rajastanne rajoistanne
illative rajaanne rajoihinne
adessive rajallanne rajoillanne
ablative rajaltanne rajoiltanne
allative rajallenne rajoillenne
essive rajananne rajoinanne
translative rajaksenne rajoiksenne
abessive rajattanne rajoittanne
instructive
comitative rajoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rajansa rajansa
accusative nom. rajansa rajansa
gen. rajansa
genitive rajansa rajojensa
rajainsarare
partitive rajaansa rajojaan
rajojansa
inessive rajassaan
rajassansa
rajoissaan
rajoissansa
elative rajastaan
rajastansa
rajoistaan
rajoistansa
illative rajaansa rajoihinsa
adessive rajallaan
rajallansa
rajoillaan
rajoillansa
ablative rajaltaan
rajaltansa
rajoiltaan
rajoiltansa
allative rajalleen
rajallensa
rajoilleen
rajoillensa
essive rajanaan
rajanansa
rajoinaan
rajoinansa
translative rajakseen
rajaksensa
rajoikseen
rajoiksensa
abessive rajattaan
rajattansa
rajoittaan
rajoittansa
instructive
comitative rajoineen
rajoinensa
Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Iban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit राजन् (rājan, king, prince)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. king

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay raja, from Classical Malay raja, from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan, king, prince), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hrā́ȷ́ā (king), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hrā́ȷ́ā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵ-ō, from *h₃rḗǵs (ruler, king).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja (plural para raja, raja-raja, first-person possessive rajaku, second-person possessive rajamu, third-person possessive rajanya)

  1. king:
    1. a male monarch; a man who heads a monarchy. If it's an absolute monarchy, then he is the supreme ruler of his nation.
    2. (chess) the principal chess piece, that players seek to threaten with unavoidable capture to result in a victory by checkmate. It is often the tallest piece, with a symbolic crown with a cross at the top.
    3. (card games) a playing card with the letter "K" and the image of a king on it, the thirteenth card in a given suit.
Alternative forms[edit]
  • radja (van Ophuijsen (1901-1947), Republik/Soewandi (1947-1967))
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Indonesian · buah catur (see also: catur) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
raja menteri, patih, ratu, ster benteng gajah, loper, menteri, luncung, luncur, peluncur kuda bidak, pion, prajurit

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

raja

  1. Superseded spelling of raya. (van Ophuijsen (1901-1947), Republik/Soewandi (1947-1967))

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic краи (krai). Cognates include Finnish raja and Estonian raja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. border
    Meijen kylä ono Viron rajal.Our village is on the border with Estonia.

Declension[edit]

Declension of raja (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative raja rajat
genitive rajan raijoin
partitive raijaa rajoja
illative raijaa raijoi
inessive rajas rajois
elative rajast rajoist
allative rajalle rajoille
adessive rajal rajoil
ablative rajalt rajoilt
translative rajaks rajoiks
essive rajanna, raijaan rajoinna, raijoin
exessive1) rajant rajoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 463

Javanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja in javanese script ꦫꦗ

  1. king

Karelian[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. rim
  2. border

Latvian[edit]

Rajas

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun[edit]

raja f (4th declension)

  1. ray, stingray (fish with a flat body and a pointed tail (superorder Batoidea))

Declension[edit]

Maguindanao[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Malay raja.

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. chief
  2. king

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Etymology[edit]

from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan, king, prince), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hrā́ȷ́ā (king), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hrā́ȷ́ā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵ-ō, from *h₃rḗǵs (ruler, king).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja (Jawi spellingراج⁩, plural raja-raja, informal 1st possessive rajaku, 2nd possessive rajamu, 3rd possessive rajanya)

  1. king (a male of a royal family who is the supreme ruler of his nation)
  2. (chess) king (a playing piece in chess)

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Malay · buah catur
بواه چاتور(layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
raja, syah
راج⁩, ⁧شاه
menteri
منتري
tir, benteng
تير⁩, ⁧بينتيڠ
gajah,
ݢاجه
kuda,
کودا
bidak, piadak, pion
بيدق⁩, ⁧ڤيادق⁩, ⁧ڤيون

References[edit]

  • Kosakata Bahasa Sanskerta dalam Bahasa Melayu Masa Kini, Jakarta, Indonesia: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 1994, →ISBN, page 153-154

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rajah, from Hindi राजा (rājā) and Urduراجا(rājā), from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan, king, prince). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (ruler, king). Doublet of rex.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑɪ̯.jɑ/, /ˈrɑd.ʃɑ/

Noun[edit]

raja m (definite singular rajaen, indefinite plural rajaer, definite plural rajaene)

  1. a rajah

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rajah, from Hindi राजा (rājā) and Urduراجا(rājā), from Sanskrit राजन् (rājan, king, prince). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (ruler, king). Doublet of rex.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑɪ̯.jɑ/, /ˈrɑd.ʃɑ/

Noun[edit]

raja m (definite singular rajaen, indefinite plural rajaer or rajaar, definite plural rajaene or rajaane)

  1. a rajah

References[edit]

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. vocative singular of rajas (dust)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishرعایا(re'aya), from Arabicرَعَايَا(raʕāyā), plural of ⁧رَعِيَّة(raʕiyya).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rǎːja/
  • Hyphenation: ra‧ja

Noun[edit]

rája f (Cyrillic spelling ра́ја)

  1. (historical, collectively) commoners, rayah
  2. (slang, collectively) a band, group, notably of friends
  3. (slang, collectively) a crowd

Declension[edit]

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Reihe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraja/
  • Rhymes: -aja
  • Syllabification: ra‧ja

Noun[edit]

raja f

  1. queue

Further reading[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraxa/ [ˈra.xa]
  • Rhymes: -axa
  • Syllabification: ra‧ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal from rajar.

Noun[edit]

raja f (plural rajas)

  1. a slit, crack, gash
  2. a slice (of melon, watermelon, lemon, sausage)
  3. splinter (of wood)
  4. (vulgar, slang) a cunt
  5. (vulgar) ass (buttocks), anus
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

raja

  1. inflection of rajar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. king

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic краи (krai).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈrɑjɑ/, [ˈrɑʝɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑjɑ
  • Hyphenation: ra‧ja

Noun[edit]

raja

  1. border
  2. limit
  3. boundary

Inflection[edit]

Declension of raja (type III/jalkõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative raja rajad
genitive raja rajojõ, rajoi
partitive rajja rajoitõ, rajoi
illative rajjasõ, rajja rajoisõ
inessive rajaz rajoiz
elative rajassõ rajoissõ
allative rajalõ rajoilõ
adessive rajallõ rajoillõ
ablative rajaltõ rajoiltõ
translative rajassi rajoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “raja”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn