pion

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Pion, pión, and píon

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

pi +‎ -on, as alteration of pi-meson.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion (plural pions)

  1. (physics) Any of three semistable mesons, having positive, negative or neutral charge, composed of up and down quarks/antiquarks.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch pion, from French pion, from Middle French pion, from Old French peon, from Late Latin pedō.

Noun[edit]

pion (plural pionne, diminutive pionnetjie)

  1. (chess) pawn; least valuable piece in chess
  2. a pawn; a person who has no control over their lot, usually manipulated by others to some end

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French pion, from Middle French pion, from Old French peon, from Late Latin pedō (footman).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /piˈɔn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pi‧on
  • Rhymes: -ɔn

Noun[edit]

pion m (plural pionnen, diminutive pionnetje n)

  1. (chess) pawn
  2. (boardgames, by extension) piece, pawn (generic player piece in boardgames resembling the pawn in chess)
  3. (figuratively) pawn (someone without control; one who is (easily) manipulated)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: pion
See also[edit]
Chess pieces in Dutch · schaakstukken (schaak + stukken) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
koning koningin, dame toren loper paard pion

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpi.ɔn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pi‧on

Noun[edit]

pion n (plural pionen)

  1. (physics) pion (subatomic particle)

Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion

  1. accusative singular of pio

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French peon, poon, paon, from Late Latin pedō, pedōnem (footsoldier), from Latin pēs, pedem (foot). Compare Spanish peón, Portuguese peão, Italian pedone. Doublet of péon.

Noun[edit]

pion m (plural pions)

  1. (chess) pawn
  2. (figuratively) pawn
  3. (games) counter
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion m (plural pions, feminine pionne)

  1. (informal) supervisor (in a school)
See also[edit]
Chess pieces in French · pièces d'échecs (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
roi dame tour fou cavalier pion

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

pion m (plural pions)

  1. (physics) pion

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch pion (pawn), from French pion

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pi.on/
  • Hyphenation: pi‧on

Noun[edit]

pion

  1. (chess) pawn
    Synonym: bidak
  2. (physics) pion
  3. (figuratively) pioneer
    Synonyms: perintis, pelopor

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Indonesian · buah catur (see also: catur) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
raja menteri benteng gajah kuda pion, bidak

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun[edit]

pion m (definite singular pionen, indefinite plural pioner, definite plural pionene)

  1. alternative form of peon

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun[edit]

pion m (definite singular pionen, indefinite plural pionar, definite plural pionane)

  1. alternative form of peon

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion m inan

  1. the vertical
    Ta ściana nie trzyma pionu.This wall is not exactly vertical.
  2. plumb line
  3. section; department
    To jest zadanie dla pionu logistycznego.This is a task for the logistics department.
  4. duct; riser; any installations or spaces running vertically in a building
    pion wentylacyjnyventilation duct
  5. (by extension) flats in an apartment block sharing those installations
    W naszym pionie od rana nie ma wody.There has been no water in flats above and below us since morning.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

pion

French pion

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion m inan (diminutive pionek)

  1. (chess) pawn
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Polish · bierki szachowe (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
król hetman, królowa, dama wieża goniec, laufer skoczek, koń, konik pion, pionek

Etymology 3[edit]

From English pion, a shortened form of pi meson

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion m inan

  1. (physics) pion
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion f

  1. genitive plural of piona

Further reading[edit]

  • pion in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pion in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pion.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pion m (plural pioni)

  1. (chess) pawn

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Romanian · piese de șah (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rege regină, damă tură, turn nebun cal pion

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia sv

Noun[edit]

pion c

  1. peony; a flower
  2. (physics) pion; any of the semistable π-mesons

Declension[edit]

Declension of pion 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative pion pionen pioner pionerna
Genitive pions pionens pioners pionernas