cavalier

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Cavalier

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1589, Borrowing from Middle French cavalier(horseman),[1] itself borrowed from Old Italian cavaliere(mounted soldier, knight),[2], borrowed from Old Provençal cavalier, from Late Latin caballārius(horseman), from Latin caballus(horse), probably from Gaulish caballos 'nag', variant of cabillos (compare Welsh ceffyl, Breton kefel, Irish capall), akin to German (Swabish) Kōb 'nag' and Old Church Slavonic kobyla 'mare'.

Previous English forms include cavalero, cavaliero.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cavalier ‎(comparative more cavalier, superlative most cavalier)

  1. Not caring enough about something important.
    The very dignified officials were confused by his cavalier manner.
    • 2003, Bill Bryson, A Short History of Nearly Everything, Black Swan, pg.46:
      Far from marking the outer edge of the solar system, as those school-room maps so cavalierly imply, Pluto is barely one fifty-thousandth of the way.
  2. High-spirited.
  3. Supercilious; haughty; disdainful; curt; brusque.
  4. Of or pertaining to the party of King Charles I.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

cavalier ‎(plural cavaliers)

  1. (historical) A military man serving on horse, (chiefly) early modern cavalry officers who had abandoned the heavy armor of medieval knights.
  2. (historical) A gallant: a sprightly young dashing military man.
  3. A gentleman of the class of such officers, particularly:
    1. (historical) A courtesan or noble under Charles I of England, particularly a royalist partisan during the English Civil War which ended his reign.
  4. (architecture) A defensive work rising from a bastion &c. and overlooking the surrounding area.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ cavalier” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  2. ^ cavalier” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Italian cavaliere, itself borrowed from Old Provençal cavalier, from Late Latin caballārius. Doublet of chevalier, which was inherited.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cavalier m ‎(plural cavaliers, feminine cavalière)

  1. A horseman, particularly:
    • 1876, "C" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, p. 616:
      ...before a in French an original c has the sound sh, and is spelt ch... Exceptions to this rule are generally words incorporated into classical French (i.e., the descendant of the old dialect of the Isle de France) from other dialects, as those of Normandy or Picardy, or are introduced from the Italian, as cavalier, &c.
    1. A knight.
    2. A cavalier: an early modern cavalry officer.
    3. A (horse-)rider.
  2. (chess, m) A knight
  3. (m) A staple.

Adjective[edit]

cavalier m ‎(feminine singular cavalière, masculine plural cavaliers, feminine plural cavalières)

  1. equestrian
  2. cavalier (all senses)

Anagrams[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in French · pièces d'échecs (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
roi dame tour fou cavalier pion

External links[edit]