dame

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Dame, damé, dáme, and Damɛ

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English actress Dame Judi Dench at the 60th British Academy Film Awards in February 2007. Dench was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1988, and thus uses the title “Dame” (sense 1)

From Middle English dame, dam ((term of address or title of a) woman of rank, lady; mistress of a household; superior of a convent; mother), from Old French dame (lady; term of address for a woman; the queen in card games and chess), from Latin domina (mistress of the house),[1] feminine form of dominus (lord, master, ruler; owner of a residence), ultimately either from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂- (to domesticate, tame) or from Latin domus (home, house) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dem- (to build (up))). Doublet of donna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dame (plural dames)

  1. (Britain) Usually capitalized as Dame: a title equivalent to Sir for a female knight.
    Dame Edith Sitwell
  2. (Britain) A matron at Eton College.
  3. (Britain, theater) In traditional pantomime: a melodramatic female often played by a man in drag.
  4. (US, dated, informal, slightly derogatory) A woman.
  5. (archaic) A lady, a woman.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ dāme, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 16 February 2018.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French dame (lady).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /daːmə/, [ˈd̥æːmə], [ˈd̥æːm̩]

Noun[edit]

dame c (singular definite damen, plural indefinite damer)

  1. lady
  2. woman
  3. (informal) girlfriend
  4. (card games) queen

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Playing cards in Danish · kort, spillekort (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
es toer treer firer femmer sekser syver
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
otter nier tier knægt, bonde dame, dronning konge joker

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French dame, from Latin domina.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: da‧me

Noun[edit]

dame f (plural dames, diminutive dametje n)

  1. lady
  2. (chess) queen

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Dutch · schaakstukken (schaak + stukken) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
koning koningin, dame toren loper paard pion

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dame, from Late Latin domna, shortened variant of Latin domina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dame f (plural dames)

  1. A lady
  2. A polite form of address for a woman.
  3. (chess) queen
  4. (card games) queen

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in French · pièces d'échecs (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
roi dame tour fou cavalier pion
Playing cards in French · cartes à jouer (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
as deux trois quatre cinq six sept
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
huit neuf dix valet dame roi joker

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

dame f

  1. plural of dama

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

dame

  1. Rōmaji transcription of だめ

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin domina, via Old French dame and late Old Norse damma.

Noun[edit]

dame f, m (definite singular dama or damen, indefinite plural damer, definite plural damene)

  1. a lady, woman
  2. (card games) a queen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin domina, via Old French dame and late Old Norse damma.

Noun[edit]

dame f (definite singular dama, indefinite plural damer, definite plural damene)

  1. a lady, woman
  2. (card games) a queen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin domna, shortened variant of Latin domina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dame f (oblique plural dames, nominative singular dame, nominative plural dames)

  1. lady; woman

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike in modern French, fame usually refers to a wife, while dame refers to a woman.

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

dame

  1. Compound of the informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of dar, da and the pronoun me: give me!