Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2018/December

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2018
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1[edit]

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Word of the day for December 1
Playboy Bunny n
  1. A waitress at a Playboy Club, characteristically dressed in a strapless teddy, black pantyhose, cuffs, a collar and bowtie, bunny ears, and a short, fluffy tail.
PointingHand.svg The first issue of Playboy magazine was published this month 65 years ago in 1953.
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2[edit]

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Word of the day for December 2
balconic adj
  1. (rare) Of or pertaining to balconies.
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3[edit]

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Word of the day for December 3
archetype n
  1. An original model of which all other similar concepts, objects, or persons are merely copied, derivative, emulated, or patterned; a prototype.
  2. An ideal example of something; a quintessence.
  3. (literature) A character, object, or story that is based on a known character, object, or story.
  4. (psychology) According to Swiss psychologist Carl Jung: a universal pattern of thought, present in an individual's unconscious, inherited from the past collective experience of humanity.
  5. (textual criticism) A protograph (original manuscript of a text from which all further copies derive).
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4[edit]

5[edit]

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Word of the day for December 5
shrinking violet n
  1. (idiomatic) Often in the negative form no shrinking violet: a very shy person, who avoids contact with others if possible.
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6[edit]

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Word of the day for December 6
Conté n
  1. (art) A drawing medium, usually square in cross section, composed of compressed powdered charcoal or graphite mixed with a clay or wax base.
PointingHand.svg French painter and army officer Nicolas-Jacques Conté, who invented the medium, died on this day in 1805.
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7[edit]

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Word of the day for December 7
ohana n
  1. (chiefly Hawaii) An extended Hawaiian family unit.
PointingHand.svg On this day in 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service attacked Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, leading to the entry of the United States into World War II.
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8[edit]

9[edit]

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Word of the day for December 9
dame n
  1. (Britain) Usually capitalized as Dame: a title equivalent to Sir for a female knight.
  2. (Britain) A matron at Eton College.
  3. (Britain, theater) In traditional pantomime: a melodramatic female often played by a man in drag.
  4. (US, dated, informal, slightly derogatory) A woman.
  5. (archaic) A lady, a woman.
PointingHand.svg English actress Dame Judi Dench was born on this day in 1934. She was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1988.
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10[edit]

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Word of the day for December 10
deperm v
  1. (transitive, chiefly nautical) To degauss or demagnetize; especially, to degauss a ship by dragging a large powered electrical cable along its side.
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11[edit]

12[edit]

13[edit]

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Word of the day for December 13
plaque n
  1. (countable) Any flat, thin piece of clay, ivory, metal, etc., used for ornament, or for painting pictures upon, as a dish, plate, slab, etc., hung upon a wall; also, a smaller decoration worn by a person, such as a brooch.
  2. (countable) A piece of flat metal with writing on it, attached to a building, monument, or other structure to remind people of a person or an event.
  3. (countable, biology) A clearing in a bacterial lawn caused by a virus.
  4. (countable, music) In the Hornbostel–Sachs classification system: any flat, thin musical instrument.
  5. (countable, pathology) A broad patch of abnormal tissue distinguishable from surrounding tissue, especially a broad papule (inflamed, irritated patch) on the skin.
  6. (countable, uncountable, pathology) An abnormal accumulation of material in or on an organ of the body, often associated with disease.
    1. (countable, uncountable, pathology) An accumulation in artery walls made up of macrophage cells and debris containing lipids, (cholesterol and fatty acids), calcium, and connective tissue; an atheroma.
    2. (uncountable, dentistry) An accumulation of biofilm, or bacteria, on teeth.
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14[edit]

15[edit]

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Word of the day for December 15
sinew n
  1. (anatomy) A cord or tendon of the body.
  2. A cord or string, particularly (music) as of a musical instrument.
  3. (figuratively) muscular power, muscle; nerve, nervous energy; vigor, vigorous strength.
  4. (figuratively, often in the plural) That which gives strength or in which strength consists; a supporting factor or member; mainstay.
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17[edit]

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Word of the day for December 17
kiss someone's ring v
  1. (idiomatic) To give respect or reverence to someone; to express servitude to someone.
PointingHand.svg Pope Francis, the leader of the Catholic Church, was born on this day in 1936. Kissing the Pope’s ring is a traditional way of showing reverence to him.
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18[edit]

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Word of the day for December 18
dim-bulb adj
  1. Slow-witted, stupid.
PointingHand.svg On this day 140 years ago in 1878, English chemist, physicist and inventor Sir Joseph Swan first publicly demonstrated his incandescent carbon lamp, one of the earliest light bulbs, at a lecture for the Newcastle upon Tyne Chemical Society.
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19[edit]

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Word of the day for December 19
turntable n
  1. A circular rotating platform.
    1. (music) The circular rotating platform of a record player or a disk jockey's console on which the record rests during play; (by extension), a record player.
    2. (rail transport, road transport) A rotating platform placed in a circular pit, used for turning locomotives, cars, or trucks.
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20[edit]

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Word of the day for December 20
leister n
  1. (fishing) A spear armed with three or more barbed prongs for catching fish, particularly salmon.
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21[edit]

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Word of the day for December 21
chilly adj
  1. Cold enough to cause discomfort.
  2. Feeling uncomfortably cold.
  3. (figuratively) Distant and cool; unfriendly.
PointingHand.svg In the Northern Hemisphere, the winter solstice falls on this day in 2018.
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22[edit]

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Word of the day for December 22
oneiromancy n
  1. (uncountable, divination) Divination by the interpretation of dreams.
  2. (uncountable, in a weak sense) The interpretation of dreams.
  3. (countable, divination) An act of such divination or dream-interpretation.
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23[edit]

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Word of the day for December 23
parse v
  1. (transitive, linguistics) To resolve (a sentence, etc.) into its elements, pointing out the several parts of speech, and their relation to each other by agreement or government; to analyze and describe grammatically. [from mid 16th c.]
  2. (transitive, by extension) To examine closely; to scrutinize.
  3. (transitive, by extension, computing) To resolve (a string of code or text) into its elements to determine if it conforms to a particular grammar.
  4. (transitive, by extension, computing) To split a file or other input into pieces of data that can be easily manipulated or stored.
  5. (intransitive, computing, linguistics) Of a string of code or text, sentence, etc.: to conform to rules of grammar, to be syntactically valid.
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24[edit]

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Word of the day for December 24
mistletoe n
  1. (countable, uncountable) Any of several hemiparasitic evergreen plants of the order Santalales with white berries that grow in the crowns of apple trees, oaks, and other trees, such as the European mistletoe (Viscum album) and American mistletoe or eastern mistletoe (Phoradendron leucarpum),
  2. (uncountable) A sprig of one such plant used as a Christmas decoration, associated with the custom that a man may kiss any woman standing beneath it.
PointingHand.svg Have yourself a merry little Christmas Eve!
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28[edit]

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Word of the day for December 28
count coup v
  1. (intransitive, US, historical) To win prestige in battle by performing an act of bravery in the face of the enemy (such as touching him and escaping unharmed), a ritual of the Plains Indians of North America.
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