circular

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French circulier, from Latin circularis, from circulus, diminutive of circus (ring).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsɜː(ɹ)k.jə.lə(ɹ)/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

circular (comparative more circular, superlative most circular)

  1. Of or relating to a circle.
  2. In the shape of, or moving in a circle.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
  3. Circuitous or roundabout.
  4. Referring back to itself, so as to prevent computation or comprehension; infinitely recursive.
    circular reasoning
    Your dictionary defines "brave" as "courageous", and "courageous" as "brave". That's a circular definition.
    a circular formula in a spreadsheet
  5. Distributed to a large number of persons.
    • Hallam
      a proclamation of Henry III., [] doubtless circular throughout England
  6. (obsolete) Perfect; complete.
    • Philip Massinger, Maid of Honour (1632), act I, scene 2:
      A man so absolute and circular / In all those wished-for rarities that may take / A virgin captive.
  7. (archaic) Adhering to a fixed circle of legends; cyclic; hence, mean; inferior.
    • Dennis
      Had Virgil been a circular poet, and closely adhered to history, how could the Romans have had Dido?

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

circular (plural circulars)

  1. A printed advertisement, directive, or notice intended for mass distribution; a flyer
  2. In administration, a circular letter
  3. (dated) A sleeveless cloak, cut in circular form.
  4. A shuttle bus that runs in a loop.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular (epicene, plural circulares)

  1. circular

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

circular

  1. to circle

Conjugation[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular (masculine and feminine plural circulars)

  1. circular

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulars)

  1. circular

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present circulo, past participle circulat)

  1. to circulate

Conjugation[edit]


Galician[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular m, f (plural circulares)

  1. circular

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Late Latin circulāris (circular round), corresponding to círculo +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular m, f (plural circulares, comparable)

  1. circular; round
    Vimos um objeto circular sobrevoando a cidade.
    We saw a round object flying over the city.
    Synonyms: redondo, rotundo
  2. running in a loop
    Ônibus circular.
    Shuttle bus.
  3. (rhetoric, lexicography) circular (referring back to itself)
    Definição circular.
    Circular definition.
  4. circular (distributed to a large number of people)
    Carta circular.
    Circular letter.

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular letter (official communication distributed to interested parties)

Noun[edit]

circular m (plural circulares)

  1. circular (shuttle bus that runs in a loop)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin circulāre (I make round).

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present indicative circulo, past participle circulado)

  1. (transitive) to circle (to place a circle around)
    Circulem a resposta correta.
    Circle the correct answer.
    Synonyms: circundar
  2. (intransitive) to circle (to move around an axis)
    Nosso planeta circula ao redor do Sol.
    Our planet circles the Sun.
    Synonyms: girar, rodar
  3. (intransitive) to circulate (to move through a circuit)
    O sangue parou de circular em suas veias.
    Blood stopped flowing in his veins.
  4. (intransitive) to flow freely
    Abri as janelas para o ar circular.
    I opened the windows to get a better airflow.
  5. (intransitive, or transitive with por) to move about; to walk around
    Depois que a neve derreteu, as pessoas começaram a circular pelo parque.
    After the snow melted, people started walking around the park.
    Circulando!
    Get going! [used to disperse a crowd]
  6. (transitive) to circulate; to disseminate; to spread
    Os alunos circularam um rumor muito maldoso.
    The students spread a nasty rumour.
  7. (intransitive) to circulate; to be disseminated; to be spread; to go around
    Circulava uma notícia sobre o acidente.
    News about the accident had been going around.
    1. (economics) to circulate (to be valid as currency)
      O euro deixará de circular no Reino Unido.
      The euro will no longer circulate in the United Kingdom.
    2. (media) to circulate (to be published and distributed)
      Este é o único jornal que ainda circula.
      This is the only newspaper still in circulation.
Conjugation[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin circulāris.

Adjective[edit]

circular (plural circulares)

  1. circular

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular (advertisement)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin circulāre, present active infinitive of circulō.

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present circulo, first-person singular preterite circulé, past participle circulado)

  1. to circulate
  2. to go round, move around
  3. to scram, clear off
Conjugation[edit]