circular

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English circuler, circuleer, circulere, borrowed from Old French circulier, from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus, diminutive of circus (ring).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular (comparative more circular, superlative most circular)

  1. Of or relating to a circle.
  2. In the shape of, or moving in a circle.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
  3. Circuitous or roundabout.
  4. Referring back to itself, so as to prevent computation or comprehension; infinitely recursive.
    circular reasoning
    Your dictionary defines "brave" as "courageous", and "courageous" as "brave". That's a circular definition.
    a circular formula in a spreadsheet
  5. Distributed to a large number of persons.
    • (Can we date this quote by Hallam and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      a proclamation of Henry III., [] doubtless circular throughout England
  6. (obsolete) Perfect; complete.
    • 1632, Philip Massinger, Maid of Honour, act I, scene 2:
      A man so absolute and circular / In all those wished-for rarities that may take / A virgin captive.
  7. (archaic) Adhering to a fixed circle of legends; cyclic; hence, mean; inferior.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dennis and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Had Virgil been a circular poet, and closely adhered to history, how could the Romans have had Dido?

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

circular (plural circulars)

  1. Synonym of flyer: a printed advertisement, directive, or notice intended for mass circulation.
  2. Short for circular letter.
  3. (dated) A sleeveless cloak cut from a circular pattern.
  4. A shuttle bus with a circular route.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

circular (third-person singular simple present circulars, present participle circularing, simple past and past participle circulared)

  1. To distribute circulars to or at.
    • 1851, G. W. Muir, Report on the State of Engine and Other Furnaces, page 19:
      The result of the sending of these notices confirms me in the opinion, that it will be necessary to adopt legal means with the great majority of these parties. The circulars have had little effect. In fact, the parties have been “circulared" into the notion that nothing more formidable will ever be sent to them.
    • 1873, Old and new - Volume 8, page 101:
      It is true, that, to obtain these, some six hundred or more institutions were circulared, and a good many of these a second time.
    • 1909, American Life Convention, Report of the Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Life Convention, page 42:
      I do not mean to say we have never employed some of them who come to us—but we have never circulared agents or gone after them.
    • 1962, Harrie Sheridan Baketel, Medical Economics - Volume 39, page 141:
      If you've ever been circulared by drug repackaging houses, you know they usually offer to trade a selection of office supplies for your unused drug samples.
  2. To extend in a circular direction.
    • 2008, Donald E. Wagner, ‎Kenneth Cragg, Dying in the Land of Promise, page 116:
      The theme can be expressed in an architectural analogy. For, of all contriving to encover space, the arch — alone or 'circulared' into the dome — is the most ingenious.

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective[edit]

circular (epicene, plural circulares)

  1. circular

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular indicative present circulo, past participle circuláu)

  1. to circle

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective[edit]

circular (masculine and feminine plural circulars)

  1. circular

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulars)

  1. circular

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circulo, circulare, post-Augustan form of Latin circulor.

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present circulo, past participle circulat)

  1. to circulate
  2. to move, to travel

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circularis, from Latin circulus.

Adjective[edit]

circular m or f (plural circulares)

  1. (geometry) circular

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāris (circular round), from Latin circulus, corresponding to círculo +‎ -ar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

circular m or f (plural circulares, comparable)

  1. circular; round
    Vimos um objeto circular sobrevoando a cidade.
    We saw a round object flying over the city.
    Synonyms: redondo, rotundo
  2. running in a loop
    Ônibus circular.
    Shuttle bus.
  3. (rhetoric, lexicography) circular (referring back to itself)
    Definição circular.
    Circular definition.
  4. circular (distributed to a large number of people)
    Carta circular.
    Circular letter.

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular letter (official communication distributed to interested parties)

Noun[edit]

circular m (plural circulares)

  1. circular (shuttle bus that runs in a loop)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin circulō, circulāre (I make round), post-Augustan form of Latin circulor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present indicative circulo, past participle circulado)

  1. (transitive) to circle (to place a circle around)
    Circulem a resposta correta.Circle the correct answer.
    Synonym: circundar
  2. (intransitive) to circle (to move around an axis)
    Nosso planeta circula ao redor do Sol.Our planet circles the Sun.
    Synonyms: girar, rodar
  3. (intransitive) to circulate (to move through a circuit)
    O sangue parou de circular em suas veias.Blood stopped flowing in his veins.
  4. (intransitive) to flow freely
    Abri as janelas para o ar circular.I opened the windows to get a better airflow.
  5. (intransitive, or transitive with por) to move about; to walk around
    Depois que a neve derreteu, as pessoas começaram a circular pelo parque.After the snow melted, people started walking around the park.
    Circulando!Get going! [used to disperse a crowd]
  6. (transitive) to circulate; to disseminate; to spread
    Os alunos circularam um rumor muito maldoso.The students spread a nasty rumour.
  7. (intransitive) to circulate; to be disseminated; to be spread; to go around
    Circulava uma notícia sobre o acidente.News about the accident had been going around.
    1. (economics) to circulate (to be valid as currency)
      O euro deixará de circular no Reino Unido.The euro will no longer circulate in the United Kingdom.
    2. (media) to circulate (to be published and distributed)
      Este é o único jornal que ainda circula.This is the only newspaper still in circulation.
  8. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of circular
  9. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of circular
  10. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of circular
  11. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of circular
Conjugation[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāris, from Latin circulus.

Adjective[edit]

circular (plural circulares)

  1. circular

Noun[edit]

circular f (plural circulares)

  1. circular (advertisement)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin circulāre, present active infinitive of circulō, post-Augustan form of Latin circulor. Doublet of the inherited cerchar[1].

Verb[edit]

circular (first-person singular present circulo, first-person singular preterite circulé, past participle circulado)

  1. to circulate
  2. to go round, move around
  3. to scram, clear off
Conjugation[edit]

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References[edit]