inferior

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin īnferior (lower in situation or place), comparative of īnferus (below, underneath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior (comparative more inferior, superlative most inferior)

  1. Lower in rank, status, or quality.
    Anna had always felt inferior to her brother due to poor school grades.
    The pathological liar was morally inferior to his much nicer constituents.
    1. Of low rank, standard or quality.
      an inferior officer
    2. (law) (of a court or tribunal) Susceptible to having its decisions overturned by a higher court.
    3. (economics) Denoting goods or services which are in greater demand during a recession than in a boom, for example second-hand clothes.
  2. Located below:
    1. (anatomy) Situated below another and especially another similar superior part of an upright body.
    2. (zoology) Situated in a relatively low posterior or ventral position in a quadrupedal body.
    3. (botany) Situated below some other organ; said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
    4. (botany) On the side of a flower which is next to the bract.
      Synonym: anterior
    5. (typography) Printed in subscript.
      an inferior figure or letter
    6. (astronomy) Below the horizon.
      the inferior part of a meridian
  3. (astronomy) Nearer to the Sun than the Earth is.
    the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus

Usage notes[edit]

Inferior and superior are generally followed by to; than is seen sometimes, but is viewed as wrong.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

inferior (plural inferiors)

  1. A person of lower rank, stature, or ability to another.
    As you are my inferior, I can tell you to do anything I want.
    Antonym: superior
  2. (printing) An inferior letter, figure, or symbol.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin īnferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior (masculine and feminine plural inferiors)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin īnferior (lower, inferior), the comparative of īnferus (low, nether, underground).

Adjective[edit]

inferior (not comparable)

  1. subordinate, secondary
  2. (of people) inferior
    sich inferior fühlento feel inferior
  3. substandard, bad

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

īnferior (neuter īnferius, positive īnferus); third declension

  1. comparative degree of īnferus, lower in situation or place:
    1. Subsequent, later, latter in time or succession.
    2. Inferior in quality, rank, or number.

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
Genitive īnferiōris īnferiōrum
Dative īnferiōrī īnferiōribus
Accusative īnferiōrem īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
Ablative īnferiōre īnferiōribus
Vocative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • inferior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • later writers: scriptores aetate posteriores or inferiores
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin īnferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

inferior m (feminine singular inferiora, masculine plural inferiors, feminine plural inferioras)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin inferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior m or f (plural inferiores, comparable)

  1. inferior
    Antonym: superior

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French inférieur, from Latin inferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior m or n (feminine singular inferioară, masculine plural inferiori, feminine and neuter plural inferioare)

  1. inferior

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin inferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /infeˈɾjoɾ/, [ĩɱ.feˈɾjoɾ]
  • Hyphenation: in‧fe‧rior

Adjective[edit]

inferior (plural inferiores)

  1. inferior (of lower quality)
  2. inferior (of lower rank)
  3. inferior (below)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]