inferior

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin īnferior(lower, inferior), the comparative of īnferus(low, nether, underground).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior ‎(not comparable)

  1. of lower quality
    Anna had always felt inferior to her brother due to poor school grades.
    • Dryden
      Whether they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge.
  2. of lower rank
    an inferior officer
  3. located below
    1. (typography) Printed in subscript.
      an inferior figure or letter
  4. (botany) Situated below some other organ; said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
  5. (botany) On the side of a flower which is next to the bract; anterior.
  6. (astronomy) Nearer to the Sun than the Earth is.
    the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus
  7. (astronomy) Below the horizon.
    the inferior part of a meridian

Usage notes[edit]

Inferior and superior are generally followed by to; than is seen sometimes, but is viewed as wrong.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

inferior ‎(plural inferiors)

  1. a person of lower stature to another
    As you are my inferior, I can tell you to do anything I want.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior m, f ‎(masculine and feminine plural inferiors)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Comparative form of īnferus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

īnferior ‎(comparative of īnferus)

  1. lower
  2. below
  3. subsequent, later, latter

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
genitive īnferiōris īnferiōrum
dative īnferiōrī īnferiōribus
accusative īnferiōrem īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
ablative īnferiōre īnferiōribus
vocative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.inferior”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • later writers: scriptores aetate posteriores or inferiores
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin inferior.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ĩ.fɨˈɾjoɾ/
  • Hyphenation: in‧fe‧ri‧or

Adjective[edit]

inferior m, f ‎(plural inferiores, comparable)

  1. inferior

Antonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

inferior m, f ‎(plural inferiores)

  1. inferior (of lower quality)
  2. inferior (of lower rank)
  3. inferior (below)

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]