standard

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Standard

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from the Old French estandart (gathering place, battle flag), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally stand firm, stand hard), equivalent to stand +‎ -ard. Alternative etymology derives the second element from Old Frankish *ord (point, spot, place) (compare Old English ord (point, source, vanguard), German Standort (location, place, site, position, base, literally standing-point)). More at stand, hard, ord.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

standard (comparative more standard, superlative most standard)

  1. Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
  2. (of a tree or shrub) Growing alone as a free-standing plant; not trained on a post etc.
    • 1863, Anthony Trollope, Rachel Ray:
      There are women who cannot grow alone as standard trees;—for whom the support and warmth of some wall, some paling, some post, is absolutely necessary […].
  3. Having recognized excellence or authority.
    standard works in history; standard authors
  4. Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
  5. (not comparable, of a motor vehicle) Having a manual transmission.
  6. As normally supplied (not optional).
  7. (linguistics) Conforming to the standard variety.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard (plural standards)

  1. A principle or example or measure used for comparison.
    1. A level of quality or attainment.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] . Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.
    2. Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations; a model.
    3. A musical work of established popularity.
    4. A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
    5. The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established for coinage.
      • 1727, John Arbuthnot, Tables of Ancient Coins, Weights and Measures. Explain'd and exemplify'd in several dissertations
        By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
    6. A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
    7. (India) Grade level in primary education.
      I am in fifth standard.
  2. A vertical pole with something at its apex.
    1. An object supported in an upright position, such as a lamp standard.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
        ‘It was called the wickedest street in London and the entrance was just here. I imagine the mouth of the road lay between this lamp standard and the second from the next down there.’
    2. The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
    3. One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
    4. Any upright support, such as one of the poles of a scaffold.
    5. A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
      • (Can we date this quote by Sir W. Temple and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
        In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls.
    6. The sheth of a plough.
  3. A manual transmission vehicle.
  4. (botany) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
  5. (shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
  6. A large drinking cup.
    • c. 1590, “A Looking Glass for London”, in The Complete Plays of Robert Greene[1], London: Ernest Ben Limited, published 1909:
      Frolic, my lords; let all the standards walk, / Ply it till every man hath ta’en his load.
  7. (sociolinguistics) standard idiom, a prestigious or standardized language variety; standard language[1]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

standard

  1. (slang) An expression of agreement

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jack Croft Richards; Richard W. Schmidt (2010) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, Pearson Education Limited, →ISBN, pages 554

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard m

  1. standard

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English standard.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard c (singular definite standarden, plural indefinite standarder)

  1. standard

Inflection[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English standard.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard m (plural standards)

  1. standard
  2. switchboard

Adjective[edit]

standard (feminine singular standarde, masculine plural standards, feminine plural standardes)

  1. standard

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often treated as invariable (with the single form standard used for masculine and feminine, singular and plural), but dictionary accounts vary.[1]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ standard” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English.

Adjective[edit]

standard (invariable)

  1. standard

Noun[edit]

standard m (invariable)

  1. standard

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estandart, via English standard

Adjective[edit]

standard (singular and plural standard, comparative mer standard, superlative mest standard)

  1. standard

Noun[edit]

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standarder, definite plural standardene)

  1. a standard

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estandart, via English standard

Adjective[edit]

standard (singular and plural standard, comparative meir standard, superlative mest standard)

  1. standard

Noun[edit]

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standardar, definite plural standardane)

  1. a standard

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From English standard, from Middle English, from Old French estandart (gathering place, battle flag), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally stand firm, stand hard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard m inan

  1. standard

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • standard in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • standard in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /stǎndard/
  • Hyphenation: stan‧dard

Noun[edit]

stàndard m (Cyrillic spelling ста̀ндард)

  1. standard

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

standard c

  1. a standard, a norm

Declension[edit]

Declension of standard 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative standard standarden standarder standarderna
Genitive standards standardens standarders standardernas

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]