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See also: Timber



From Middle English tymber, from Old English timber, from Proto-Germanic *timrą, from Proto-Indo-European *dem- (build, house) (see Proto-Indo-European *dṓm). Cognates include Dutch timmer, Old High German zimbar (German Zimmer), Norwegian tømmer, Old Norse timbr, Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌼𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 (timrjan, to build), Latin domus and Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos).


  • (UK)
    • (noun): IPA(key): /ˈtɪmbə/
    • (interjection): IPA(key): /ˈtɪːmˌbəː/
  • (US)
    • (noun): enPR: tĭmʹbər, IPA(key): /ˈtɪmbɚ/
    • (interjection): IPA(key): /ˈtɪːmˌbɚː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: tim‧ber
  • Homophone: timbre (for one US pronunciation of that word)


Wikipedia has an article on:

timber (countable and uncountable, plural timbers)

  1. (uncountable) Trees in a forest regarded as a source of wood.
  2. (outside Canada, US, uncountable) Wood that has been pre-cut and is ready for use in construction.
  3. (countable) A heavy wooden beam, generally a whole log that has been squared off and used to provide heavy support for something such as a roof. Historically also used in the plural, as in "ship's timbers".
  4. (firearms, informal) The wooden stock of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. (archaic) A certain quantity of fur skins (as of martens, ermines, sables, etc.) packed between boards; in some cases forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty. Also timmer, timbre.
  6. Misspelling of timbre.



  • (wooden beam used to provide support): crosstree

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.



  1. Used by loggers to warn others that a tree being felled is falling.



timber (third-person singular simple present timbers, present participle timbering, simple past and past participle timbered)

  1. (transitive) To fit with timbers.
    timbering a roof
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To construct, frame, build.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, London: Edw. Dod & Nath. Ekins, 1650, Book I, Chapter 5, p. 14,[1]
      For many heads that undertake [learning], were never squared nor timbred for it.
  3. (falconry, intransitive) To light or land on a tree.
  4. (obsolete) To make a nest.
  5. To surmount as a timber does.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for timber in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]


timber n (definite singular timberet, uncountable)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by tømmer

Old English[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *timrą, from Proto-Indo-European *dem- (build, house) (see Proto-Indo-European *dṓm). Cognates include Old Saxon timbar, Old High German zimbar (German Zimmer), Old Norse timbr, Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌼𐍂𐌾𐌰𐌽 (timrjan, to build), and Latin domus.



timber n

  1. timber
  2. a building
  3. the act of building

Old Swedish[edit]


From Old Norse timbr, from Proto-Germanic *timrą.


timber n

  1. timber; wood used for building