лес

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес ‎(lesm

  1. forest, woods

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ ‎(tree, forest).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес ‎(lesm

  1. A large and centuries-old forest.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic лѣсъ ‎(lěsŭ), from Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес ‎(lesm inan ‎(genitive ле́са, nominative plural леса́)

  1. forest, woods
    леса́‎ ― lesáwoodland, forests
    де́вственный лес‎ ― dévstvennyj lesvirgin forest, primeval forest
    заповедный лес ‎(zapovednyj les) means:
    заповедник‎ ― zapovednikprotection forest
    (poetic) тайный лес, священный лес, божий лес‎ ― tajnyj les, svjaščennyj les, božij lessacred forest, a forest that nobody may enter
    корабе́льный лес‎ ― korabélʹnyj lesship timber
    ли́ственный лес‎ ― lístvennyj lesleaf-bearing forest
    сме́шанный лес‎ ― sméšannyj lesmixed forest
    тропи́ческий лес‎ ― tropíčeskij lesrainforest
    хво́йный лес‎ ― xvójnyj lesconiferous forest
    чаща леса‎ ― čašča lesathicket, the depths of forest
    шум леса‎ ― šum lesamurmur of the forest
    как в лесу́(saying)kak v lesú ― at sea, lost, disoriented
    кто в лес, кто по дрова(proverb)kto v les, kto po drova ― (to be) at sixes and sevens (literally: some go to the forest, some go for firewood)
    лес рубят — щепки летят(proverb)les rubjat — ščepki letjat ― you can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs (literally: when cutting trees, chips fly)
    (для него́) э́то тёмный лес(saying)
    (dlja nevó) éto tjómnyj les
    (figuratively) it is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally: this is the dark forest for him)
    (для него́) э́то дремучий лес(saying)
    (dlja nevó) éto dremučij les
    (figuratively) it is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally: this is the dark forest for him)
    в лесу́ люди лесеют, а в людях людеют(proverb)
    v lesú ljudi lesejut, a v ljudjax ljudejut
    literally: in the forest people become wild, and become people among people
    чей лес, того и пень(proverb)
    čej les, tovo i penʹ
    literally: the man who owns a forest, also owns a stump
    Бог и ле́су не сравня́л(saying)
    Bog i lésu ne sravnjál
    literally: God doesn’t even make the forest equal (people are not equal)
  2. (only singular) lumber, timber
    ле́с в плота́х‎ ― lés v plotáxtimber float
    ле́с на корню́‎ ― lés na kornjústanding timber
  3. (only plural) леса́ scaffolding, scaffold trestle, falsework
    леса́‎ ― lesáscaffolding, scaffold trestle
  4. (figuratively) much, many, a lot of smth. (especially high, eminent)
    лес рук‎ ― les ruk ― a forest of hands (in school if nobody wants to answer the teacher’s question, it's used sarcastically, when nobody actually raises a hand, there is no "forest of hands", not a single "tree", i.e. hand)
    лес мачт‎ ― les mačt ― a large number of ships
    лес штыко́в‎ ― les štykóvforest of bayonets

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ ‎(tree, forest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m ‎(Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. coffin
  2. (regionally) lumber
  3. (regionally) forest, woods
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Löss.

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m ‎(Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. (geology) loess