лес

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [lʲes]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

лес (ljesm

  1. forest, woods

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес (lesm

  1. A large and centuries-old forest.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic лѣсъ (lěsŭ), from Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

лес (lesm inan (genitive ле́са, nominative plural леса́, genitive plural лесо́в)

  1. forest, woods
    леса́lesáwoodland, forests
    де́вственный лесdévstvennyj lesvirgin forest, primeval forest
    запове́дный лес (zapovédnyj les) means:
    та́йный лес, свяще́нный лес, бо́жий лес (poetic)tájnyj les, svjaščénnyj les, bóžij lessacred forest, a forest that nobody may enter
    корабе́льный лесkorabélʹnyj lesship timber
    ли́ственный лесlístvennyj lesleaf-bearing forest
    сме́шанный лесsméšannyj lesmixed forest
    тропи́ческий лесtropíčeskij lesrainforest
    хво́йный лесxvójnyj lesconiferous forest
    ча́ща лесаčášča lesathicket, the depths of forest
    шум лесаšum lesamurmur of the forest
    как в лесу́ (saying)kak v lesúat sea, lost, disoriented
    кто в лес, кто по дрова́ (proverb)kto v les, kto po drová(to be) at sixes and sevens (literally, “some go to the forest, some go for firewood”)
    лес ру́бятще́пки летя́т (proverb)les rúbjat — ščépki letjátyou can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs (literally, “when cutting trees, chips fly”)
    (для него́) э́то тёмный лес (saying, figuratively)(dlja nevó) éto tjómnyj lesit is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally, “this is the dark forest for him”)
    (для него́) э́то дрему́чий лес (saying, figuratively)(dlja nevó) éto dremúčij lesit is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally, “this is the dark forest for him”)
    в лесу́ лю́ди лесеют, а в лю́дях людеют (proverb)v lesú ljúdi lesejut, a v ljúdjax ljudejut(please add an English translation of this usage example) (literally, “in the forest people become wild, and become people among people”)
    чей лес, того́ и пень (proverb)čej les, tovó i penʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example) (literally, “the man who owns a forest, also owns a stump”)
    Бог и ле́су не сравня́л (saying)Box i lésu ne sravnjálpeople are not equal (literally, “God doesn’t even make the forest equal”)
  2. (only singular) lumber, timber
    ле́с в плота́хlés v plotáxtimber float
    ле́с на корню́lés na kornjústanding timber
  3. (only plural) леса́ scaffolding, scaffold trestle, falsework
    леса́lesáscaffolding, scaffold trestle
  4. (figuratively) much, many, a lot of smth. (especially high, eminent)
    лес рукles ruka forest of hands (in school if nobody wants to answer the teacher’s question, it's used sarcastically, when nobody actually raises a hand, there is no "forest of hands", not a single "tree", i.e. hand)
    лес мачтles mačta large number of ships
    лес штыко́вles štykóvforest of bayonets

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

compound words:

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. coffin
  2. (regionally) lumber
  3. (regionally) forest, woods
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Löss.

Noun[edit]

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. (geology) loess