по

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. used to indicate movement over a surface or movement bound to certain limits (usually continuous or repeating in time), on, over, through, along
    Вървя по улицата.Vǎrvja po ulicata.I am walking on the street.
  2. introducing the object of a targeted action or for an action related to certain state, on, over, for
    Потупaх го по рамото.Potupah go po ramoto.I tapped him on the shoulder.
    Ударих го по главата.Udarih go po glavata.I hit him on/over the head.
    Тъгувам по лятото.Tǎguvam po ljatoto.I long for the summer.
  3. in conjunction with countable nouns for price or quantity, expressing quantity, expressing distribution, by
    По евро за книга.Po evro za kniga.A euro for a book.
    Двама по двама.Dvama po dvama.Two by two.
    Тичам по малко (всеки ден).Tičam po malko (vseki den).I am running a little (every day).
  4. expressing approximate time
    По обед.Po obed.Around lunchtime.
    По Коледа.Po Koleda.Around Christmas.
  5. used to describe attire, with ... on
    Ходя по чорапи.Hodja po čorapi.I am walking with my socks on.
  6. used to indicate means, by, via, on
    Пращам го по автобус.Praštam go po avtobus.I am sending it by bus.
    Пращам го по въздушна поща.Praštam go po vǎzdušna pošta.I am sending it via airmail.
    Говоря по телефона.Govorja po telefona.I am talking on the phone.
  7. indicating an activity or it's domain, of
    Учител по история.Učitel po istorija.History teacher.
    Факултет по физика.Fakultet po fizika.Faculty of physics.
  8. according to, based on, by, of
    Съдя го по външността му.Sǎdja go po vǎnšnostta mu.I am judging him by his appearance.
    Работя по усмотрение.Rabotja po usmotrenie.I work of my own accord.
  9. used to indicate cause, by
    Пропуснато е по погрешка.Propusnato e po pogreška.It is missed by mistake.
    По негова вина закъснях.Po negova vina zakǎsnjah.It is his fault I was late.
  10. used to indicate direction, along
    Плувам по течението.Pluvam po tečenieto.I am swimming along the current.
    Ходя по пътеката.Hodja po pǎtekata.I am walking along the path.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

по (po)

  1. used as a prefix to form comparative for adjectives and adverbs, more
    Корабите са по-бавни от самолетите.Korabite sa po-bavni ot samoletite.Ships are slower than airplanes.
    Този филм е по-интересен.Tozi film e po-interesen.This film is more interesting.
    Трябва да ходя по-бързо.Trjabva da hodja po-bǎrzo.I should walk faster.

пò ()

  1. used for nouns, verbs and other parts of speech to form a comparative, more
    Пò я обичам! ja običam!I love her more!
    Той е пò юнак от теб.Toj e junak ot teb.He is more of a hero than you.
  2. used before prepositions to form a comparative, more
    Областта е пò на север.Oblastta e na sever.The region is more northwards.

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. after
    Ќе се вратат по вечерата.
    They'll return after dinner.
  2. on (movement along a surface)
    Одам по улицата.
    I'm walking on the street.
  3. by (distributive)
    Влезете еден по еден.
    Enter one by one.
  4. times
    Два по два е четири.
    Two times two is four.
  5. (colloquial) according to
    По тебе, што ќе се случи следно?
    According to you, what's going to happen next?

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. along
  2. on
  3. after
  4. by

References[edit]

  • Mali staroslavensko-hrvatski rječnik, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2004

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по (po)

  1. with accusative case
    1. up to
    2. till
    3. indicates distribution (with numbers other than one, a thousand, a million, a billion)
      по́ два (две) / по две́стиpó dva (dve) / po dvéstitwo / two hundred each
  2. with dative case
    1. along
    2. over
    3. on
    4. according to
    5. showing the cause that is unwanting or unwilling (see из-за's usage notes for more detail)
    6. indicates the direct object of some verbs of striking or hitting
      нанести́ уда́р по я́дерным объе́ктам Ира́наnanestí udár po jádernym obʺjéktam Iránato launch a strike at Iran's nuclear ambitions
    7. indicates repetition of time
    8. indicates distribution (with numbers one, a thousand, a million, a billion)
      по одному́ (одно́й) / по ты́сяче / по миллио́ну / по миллиа́рдуpo odnomú (odnój) / po týsjače / po milliónu / po milliárduone / a thousand / a million / a billion each
  3. with prepositional case
    1. after
    2. for

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From пол, from Proto-Slavic *polъ. See по-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

по̑ (Latin spelling )

  1. half
    сат и поhour and a half
    четири и поfour thirty
    чов(ј)ек и поan excellent man

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)po.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по̏ (Latin spelling )

  1. (with accusative) for
    отићи по мл(иј)екоto go and get the milk
    по ц(иј)ели данall day long
    по шести путfor the sixth time
    бити штетан по некога/нештоto be harmful for sb/sth
    добро/лоше по његаgood/bad for him
  2. (with locative) over, through, across, in, on
    ударити по главиto hit on the head
    сн(иј)ег је пао по цестиsnow fell on the road
    вода се пролила по подуwater spilled over the floor
    шетати по шумиto walk in the woods
  3. (with locative) by, with (using an intermediary)
    послао сам му пакет по заједничком пријатељуI've sent him a package with a common friend
  4. (with locative) by, according to
    све иде по плануeverything is going according to the plan
    по глави становникаper capita
    жив(ј)ети по принципимаto live according to principles
    по мом(е) мишљењуin my opinion
    по мом рачунуby my reckoning
    по мениin my opinion; as far as I'm concerned
    по зраку/водиby air/water
    по запов(иј)едиby order
    свирати по слухуto play by the ear
    судити по вањштиниto judge by appearance
  5. (with locative) after
    по свршетку сукобаafter (the end of) the conflict
  6. (with locative) during
    по киши/сунцуin the rain/sun
    по дануduring the day
  7. (with locative) in miscellaneous senses in various phrasal constructs
    разум(иј)е се (само) по себиit goes without saying
    нека буде по твомеlet it be your way
    Америка је прва држава по богатству у св(иј)етуAmerica is the richest country in the world
    једнак по величиниequal in size
    све је по старомeverything is/goes in the accustomed/usual manner
    по обичајуas usual, according to custom
    по вр(иј)едностиin value
    по свој прилициin all likelihood
    по родуby birth
    по нарави/природиin nature
    по тој ц(иј)ениat this price
    по параграфу 13under section 13
    по што по тоby all means
    по могућностиif possible
    по редуin order, one after another
    по мом укусу(according) to my taste
    по квалитетиby quality
    по томеaccording to this/that, accordingly, consequently, then
    по законуaccording to the law, by the law
    по дуљиниlengthwise

Etymology 3[edit]

Particle[edit]

по (Latin spelling po)

  1. (with accusative or nominative) denoting distribution and succession
    попили смо сви по чашицу ракијеwe all drank a glass of rakija
    корак по коракstep by step
    један по једанone by one
    мало по малоlittle by little
    сви смо добили по јабукуeach of us received an apple

References[edit]

  • по” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • по” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Tajik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (foot), cognates include Sanskrit पद् (pád), Latin pes (French pied), German Fuß, English foot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari پا
Iranian Persian پا
Tajik по (po)

по (po)

  1. leg, foot

See also[edit]


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Samoyedic *poəj.

Noun[edit]

по (po)

  1. year