according to

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

according to

  1. (idiomatic) Based on what is said or stated by; on the authority of.
    • 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 2, in The History of England from the Accession of James II:
      According to him, every person was to be bought.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55:
      According to this saga of intellectual-property misanthropy, these creatures [patent trolls] roam the business world, buying up patents and then using them to demand extravagant payouts from companies they accuse of infringing them. Often, their victims pay up rather than face the costs of a legal battle.
    According to the directions, the glue takes 24 hours to dry.
  2. In a manner conforming or corresponding to; in proportion to; in accordance with. [from 16th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas Sprat and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Our zeal should be according to knowledge.
    • 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew:
      there was only a frightening silence, unenlivened even by the invidious enquiries of former years, which culminated, according to its stern nature, in a still more frightening old woman, a figure awaiting her on the very doorstep.
  3. Depending on.

Usage notes[edit]

  • According to is shown as a preposition in all four American unabridged dictionaries MW3, RHU, Encarta, and AHD.
  • The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (CGEL) classifies according as a preposition with to phrase as its complement, noting that the meaning when used as a preposition differs from the meaning of the "-ing" form of the verb accord.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.