suma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: sumá, sumã, sumă, and šuma

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin summa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suma m (plural sumes)

  1. sum

Derived terms[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish suma, from Latin summa.

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. to reckon
  2. to tabulate

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown.

Adjective[edit]

suma

  1. according to

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsumɑ/, [ˈs̠umɑ]
  • Rhymes: -umɑ
  • Syllabification: su‧ma

Noun[edit]

suma

  1. logjam
    Synonym: jumi
  2. traffic jam
    Synonym: ruuhka
  3. (figuratively, in compounds) accumulation, bunch
    kolarisumapile-up

Declension[edit]

Inflection of suma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative suma sumat
genitive suman sumien
partitive sumaa sumia
illative sumaan sumiin
singular plural
nominative suma sumat
accusative nom. suma sumat
gen. suman
genitive suman sumien
sumainrare
partitive sumaa sumia
inessive sumassa sumissa
elative sumasta sumista
illative sumaan sumiin
adessive sumalla sumilla
ablative sumalta sumilta
allative sumalle sumille
essive sumana sumina
translative sumaksi sumiksi
instructive sumin
abessive sumatta sumitta
comitative sumineen
Possessive forms of suma (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person sumani sumamme
2nd person sumasi sumanne
3rd person sumansa

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

suma f (plural sumas)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of sumir
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of sumir

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

suma

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌿𐌼𐌰

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Portuguese assim + como ("thus how").

Adverb[edit]

suma

  1. because

Ingrian[edit]

Suma.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian сума (suma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hevaha, Soikkola) IPA(key): /ˈsumɑ/
  • Hyphenation: su‧ma

Noun[edit]

suma (genitive suman, partitive summaa)

  1. bag
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 22:
      Siso ompeli suman.
      Siso sewed a bag.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 75:
      Ohotnikka otti jänistä käpälist ja pani summaa.
      The hunter took the legs of the rabbit and put it in the bag.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva:
      Valja otti suman, pani bukvarin summaa ja laati paljton päälle.
      Valja took a bag, put the primer into the bag and put an overcoat on.

Declension[edit]

Declension of suma (type 3/koira, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative suma sumat
genitive suman summiin
partitive summaa summia
illative summaa summii
inessive sumaas sumiis
elative sumast sumist
allative sumalle sumille
adessive sumaal sumiil
ablative sumalt sumilt
translative sumaks sumiks
essive sumanna
summaan
suminna
summiin
exessive1) sumant sumint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
Chernyavskij's declension of suma
singular plural
nominative suma sumat
genitive suman summiin
partitive summaa summiia
illative summaa summii
inessive sumaaz sumiiz
elative sumast sumist
allative sumalle sumille
adessive sumaal sumiil
ablative sumalt sumilt
translative sumaks sumiks
essive summaan summiin
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 550
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2], page 164

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. inflection of sumere:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Norn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse svimma, svima, from Proto-Germanic *swimmaną.

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. to swim, float

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.ma/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin summa.

Noun[edit]

suma f

  1. (mathematics) sum
  2. (set theory) union
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

suma m anim

  1. genitive/accusative singular of sum

Further reading[edit]

  • suma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • suma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

suma

  1. feminine singular of sumo

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sommer.

Verb[edit]

a suma (third-person singular present sumează, past participle sumat1st conj.

  1. to sum up

Conjugation[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin summa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sûma/
  • Hyphenation: su‧ma

Noun[edit]

sȕma f (Cyrillic spelling су̏ма)

  1. sum, total

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsuma/, [ˈsu.ma]
  • Hyphenation: su‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin summa[1]. Doublet of the inherited soma (coarse flour).

Noun[edit]

suma f (plural sumas)

  1. sum
  2. addition
    Synonym: resta
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

suma

  1. feminine singular of sumo

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of sumar.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of sumar.

Verb[edit]

suma

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of sumir.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of sumir.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of sumir.

References[edit]


Sranan Tongo[edit]

Noun[edit]

suma

  1. who (interrogative)