sumo

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese ()(もう) (sumō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: so͞o'mō, IPA(key): /ˈsuːməʊ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːməʊ

Noun[edit]

sumo (countable and uncountable, plural sumo or sumos)

Sumo wrestlers gathering in a circle.
  1. (uncountable) A stylised Japanese form of wrestling in which a wrestler loses if he is forced from the ring, or if any part of his body except the soles of his feet touches the ground.
  2. (countable, colloquial) A rikishi (sumo wrestler)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumar

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: su‧mo

Adjective[edit]

sumo

  1. monotonous; tedious, repetitious or lacking in variety
  2. slow-burning

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumo (accusative singular sumon, plural sumoj, accusative plural sumojn)

  1. sum

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese. Compare English sumo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsumo/, [ˈs̠umo̞]
  • Rhymes: -umo
  • Syllabification(key): su‧mo

Noun[edit]

sumo

  1. (sports) sumo (wrestling style of Japanese origin)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sumo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative sumo sumot
genitive sumon sumojen
partitive sumoa sumoja
illative sumoon sumoihin
singular plural
nominative sumo sumot
accusative nom. sumo sumot
gen. sumon
genitive sumon sumojen
partitive sumoa sumoja
inessive sumossa sumoissa
elative sumosta sumoista
illative sumoon sumoihin
adessive sumolla sumoilla
ablative sumolta sumoilta
allative sumolle sumoille
essive sumona sumoina
translative sumoksi sumoiksi
abessive sumotta sumoitta
instructive sumoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of sumo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sumoni sumoni
accusative nom. sumoni sumoni
gen. sumoni
genitive sumoni sumojeni
partitive sumoani sumojani
inessive sumossani sumoissani
elative sumostani sumoistani
illative sumooni sumoihini
adessive sumollani sumoillani
ablative sumoltani sumoiltani
allative sumolleni sumoilleni
essive sumonani sumoinani
translative sumokseni sumoikseni
abessive sumottani sumoittani
instructive
comitative sumoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sumosi sumosi
accusative nom. sumosi sumosi
gen. sumosi
genitive sumosi sumojesi
partitive sumoasi sumojasi
inessive sumossasi sumoissasi
elative sumostasi sumoistasi
illative sumoosi sumoihisi
adessive sumollasi sumoillasi
ablative sumoltasi sumoiltasi
allative sumollesi sumoillesi
essive sumonasi sumoinasi
translative sumoksesi sumoiksesi
abessive sumottasi sumoittasi
instructive
comitative sumoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sumomme sumomme
accusative nom. sumomme sumomme
gen. sumomme
genitive sumomme sumojemme
partitive sumoamme sumojamme
inessive sumossamme sumoissamme
elative sumostamme sumoistamme
illative sumoomme sumoihimme
adessive sumollamme sumoillamme
ablative sumoltamme sumoiltamme
allative sumollemme sumoillemme
essive sumonamme sumoinamme
translative sumoksemme sumoiksemme
abessive sumottamme sumoittamme
instructive
comitative sumoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sumonne sumonne
accusative nom. sumonne sumonne
gen. sumonne
genitive sumonne sumojenne
partitive sumoanne sumojanne
inessive sumossanne sumoissanne
elative sumostanne sumoistanne
illative sumoonne sumoihinne
adessive sumollanne sumoillanne
ablative sumoltanne sumoiltanne
allative sumollenne sumoillenne
essive sumonanne sumoinanne
translative sumoksenne sumoiksenne
abessive sumottanne sumoittanne
instructive
comitative sumoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sumonsa sumonsa
accusative nom. sumonsa sumonsa
gen. sumonsa
genitive sumonsa sumojensa
partitive sumoaan
sumoansa
sumojaan
sumojansa
inessive sumossaan
sumossansa
sumoissaan
sumoissansa
elative sumostaan
sumostansa
sumoistaan
sumoistansa
illative sumoonsa sumoihinsa
adessive sumollaan
sumollansa
sumoillaan
sumoillansa
ablative sumoltaan
sumoltansa
sumoiltaan
sumoiltansa
allative sumolleen
sumollensa
sumoilleen
sumoillensa
essive sumonaan
sumonansa
sumoinaan
sumoinansa
translative sumokseen
sumoksensa
sumoikseen
sumoiksensa
abessive sumottaan
sumottansa
sumoittaan
sumoittansa
instructive
comitative sumoineen
sumoinensa

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. sumo
  2. sumotori

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumir

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 相撲 (すもう, sumō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /su.mo/
  • Hyphenation: su‧mo

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. (sports) sumo (Japanese traditional wrestling).

Derived terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.mo/
  • Rhymes: -umo
  • Hyphenation: sù‧mo

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 相撲 (sumō).

Noun[edit]

sumo m (invariable)

  1. sumo (Japanese wrestling)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumere

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *susmō < *subs(e)mō, from sub- +‎ emō (to buy, take), with excrescent p in sūmpsī and sūmptum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sūmō (present infinitive sūmere, perfect active sūmpsī, supine sūmptum); third conjugation

  1. to take, take up, catch, assume, seize, claim, arrogate
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.537-538:
      parva mora est, caelum vātēs ac nūmina sūmit
      fitque suī tōtō pectore plēna deī
      There is a brief pause; the prophetess assumes the divine powers of heaven, and in all her soul she is made full of her deity.
      (The prophetess is Carmenta.)
  2. to undertake, begin, enter upon
  3. to exact satisfaction, inflict punishment
  4. to choose, select
  5. to obtain, acquire, receive, get, take
  6. to use, apply, employ, spend, consume
  7. to adopt; borrow
  8. to buy, purchase
  9. to accept, presuppose, establish as a principle
  10. to fascinate, charm
  11. to put on
  12. to take heart

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of sūmō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūmō sūmis sūmit sūmimus sūmitis sūmunt
imperfect sūmēbam sūmēbās sūmēbat sūmēbāmus sūmēbātis sūmēbant
future sūmam sūmēs sūmet sūmēmus sūmētis sūment
perfect sūmpsī sūmpsistī sūmpsit sūmpsimus sūmpsistis sūmpsērunt,
sūmpsēre
pluperfect sūmpseram sūmpserās sūmpserat sūmpserāmus sūmpserātis sūmpserant
future perfect sūmpserō sūmpseris sūmpserit sūmpserimus sūmpseritis sūmpserint
sigmatic future1 surempsō surempsis surempsit surempsimus surempsitis surempsint
passive present sūmor sūmeris,
sūmere
sūmitur sūmimur sūmiminī sūmuntur
imperfect sūmēbar sūmēbāris,
sūmēbāre
sūmēbātur sūmēbāmur sūmēbāminī sūmēbantur
future sūmar sūmēris,
sūmēre
sūmētur sūmēmur sūmēminī sūmentur
perfect sūmptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sūmptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sūmptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūmam sūmās sūmat sūmāmus sūmātis sūmant
imperfect sūmerem sūmerēs sūmeret sūmerēmus sūmerētis sūmerent
perfect sūmpserim sūmpserīs sūmpserit sūmpserīmus sūmpserītis sūmpserint
pluperfect sūmpsissem sūmpsissēs sūmpsisset sūmpsissēmus sūmpsissētis sūmpsissent
sigmatic aorist1 surempsim surempsīs surempsīt surempsīmus surempsītis surempsint
passive present sūmar sūmāris,
sūmāre
sūmātur sūmāmur sūmāminī sūmantur
imperfect sūmerer sūmerēris,
sūmerēre
sūmerētur sūmerēmur sūmerēminī sūmerentur
perfect sūmptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sūmptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūme sūmite
future sūmitō sūmitō sūmitōte sūmuntō
passive present sūmere sūmiminī
future sūmitor sūmitor sūmuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sūmere sūmpsisse sūmptūrum esse sūmī sūmptum esse sūmptum īrī
participles sūmēns sūmptūrus sūmptus sūmendus,
sūmundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sūmendī sūmendō sūmendum sūmendō sūmptum sūmptū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Borrowed:
    • Catalan: sumir
    • Italian: sumere
  • Inherited: (all meaning 'submerge' or similar)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 231
  • sumo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sumo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sumo in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2024) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • sumo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to require, give, take time for deliberation: tempus (spatium) deliberandi or ad deliberandum postulare, dare, sibi sumere
    • to take something into one's hands: in manus(m) sumere aliquid
    • to take poison: venenum sumere, bibere
    • to commence a thing: initium facere, ducere, sumere (alicuius rei)
    • to choose one from a large number of instances: ex infinita exemplorum copia unum (pauca) sumere, decerpere (eligere)
    • to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • to derive an argument from a thing: argumentum ducere, sumere ex aliqua re or petere ab aliqua re
    • to assume a thing: sumere (opp. reicere) aliquid
    • to take up a book in one's hands: librum in manus sumere
    • to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • to take upon oneself: sibi sumere aliquid (Planc. 1. 3)
    • to assume the toga virilis: togam virilem (puram) sumere
    • to take food: cibum sumere, capere
    • to borrow money from some one: pecuniam mutuari or sumere mutuam ab aliquo
    • to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • to exact a penalty from some one: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to execute the death-sentence on a person: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to take up one's arms: arma capere, sumere
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Japanese 相撲 (sumō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumo n (indeclinable)

  1. sumo

Derived terms[edit]

noun

Further reading[edit]

  • sumo in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sumo in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Rhymes: -umu
  • Hyphenation: su‧mo

Etymology 1[edit]

sumo

Borrowed from Latin summus.

Adjective[edit]

sumo (feminine suma, masculine plural sumos, feminine plural sumas)

  1. highest, greatest
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. summit, top
    Synonyms: cume, cimo

Etymology 2[edit]

sumo

From Old Galician-Portuguese çumo, from Arabicزُوم(zūm, juice, sap), from Ancient Greek ζωμός (zōmós). Cognate of Galician zume and Spanish zumo.

Noun[edit]

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. (Portugal) juice
    Synonym: (Brasil) suco

Etymology 3[edit]

sumo

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō, to mutually rush at).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sumo m (uncountable) (European spelling)

  1. (martial arts) sumo

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumir

Further reading[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin summus. Compare the inherited Old Spanish somo, cf. also Spanish somero.

Adjective[edit]

sumo (feminine suma, masculine plural sumos, feminine plural sumas)

  1. highest, greatest, superlative
    Caifás era sumo sacerdote.
    Caiaphas was the high priest.
  2. utmost
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumar

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumir

Etymology 4[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Borrowed from Japanese 相撲 (sumō, to mutually rush at).

Noun[edit]

sumo m (uncountable)

  1. (martial arts) sumo
Hypernyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]