adhibeo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ad- +‎ habeō (have).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

adhibeō (present infinitive adhibēre, perfect active adhibuī, supine adhibitum); second conjugation

  1. I extend, hold out.
    • c. 194 BCE, Plautus, Poenulus 5.5.38–39:
      Quīn adhibuistī, dum istaec loquēre, tympanum?
      nam tē cinaedum esse arbitror magis quam virum.
      Why didn't you hold out a tambourine while saying this?
      'cause I think you're more of a catamite than a man.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 3.452–456:
      Nōn tamen ūlla magis praesēns fortūna labōrum est,
      quam sī quis ferrō potuit rescindere summum
      ulceris ōs: alitur vitium vīvitque tegendō,
      dum medicās adhibēre manūs ad vulnera pāstor
      abnegat, et meliōra deōs sedet ōmina poscēns.
      However there isn't any success of the efforts more present
      than if someone could cut with iron the top
      opening of the ulcer: the problem is nourished and lives by concealment,
      while the shepherd doesn't allow medical hands to hold out
      to the wound, and sits asking the gods for better omens.
  2. I apply, employ, adopt.
  3. I summon, call upon, invite.
    • Juvenal, Satires 2.132–135:
      [] 'Officium crās
      prīmō sōle mihī peragendum in valle Quirīnī.'
      'Quae causa officiī?' 'Quid quaeris? nūbit amīcus,
      nec multōs adhibet. []
      [] 'A ceremony tomorrow
      I must attend in the valley of Quirinus at sunrise.'
      'What's the ceremony for?' 'Why do you want to know? A friend's getting married to a man,
      and he doesn't invite too many.' []
  4. I handle.
  5. I add.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of adhibeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adhibeō adhibēs adhibet adhibēmus adhibētis adhibent
imperfect adhibēbam adhibēbās adhibēbat adhibēbāmus adhibēbātis adhibēbant
future adhibēbō adhibēbis adhibēbit adhibēbimus adhibēbitis adhibēbunt
perfect adhibuī adhibuistī adhibuit adhibuimus adhibuistis adhibuērunt, adhibuēre
pluperfect adhibueram adhibuerās adhibuerat adhibuerāmus adhibuerātis adhibuerant
future perfect adhibuerō adhibueris adhibuerit adhibuerimus adhibueritis adhibuerint
passive present adhibeor adhibēris, adhibēre adhibētur adhibēmur adhibēminī adhibentur
imperfect adhibēbar adhibēbāris, adhibēbāre adhibēbātur adhibēbāmur adhibēbāminī adhibēbantur
future adhibēbor adhibēberis, adhibēbere adhibēbitur adhibēbimur adhibēbiminī adhibēbuntur
perfect adhibitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect adhibitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect adhibitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adhibeam adhibeās adhibeat adhibeāmus adhibeātis adhibeant
imperfect adhibērem adhibērēs adhibēret adhibērēmus adhibērētis adhibērent
perfect adhibuerim adhibuerīs adhibuerit adhibuerīmus adhibuerītis adhibuerint
pluperfect adhibuissem adhibuissēs adhibuisset adhibuissēmus adhibuissētis adhibuissent
passive present adhibear adhibeāris, adhibeāre adhibeātur adhibeāmur adhibeāminī adhibeantur
imperfect adhibērer adhibērēris, adhibērēre adhibērētur adhibērēmur adhibērēminī adhibērentur
perfect adhibitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect adhibitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adhibē adhibēte
future adhibētō adhibētō adhibētōte adhibentō
passive present adhibēre adhibēminī
future adhibētor adhibētor adhibentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adhibēre adhibuisse adhibitūrum esse adhibērī adhibitum esse adhibitum īrī
participles adhibēns adhibitūrus adhibitus adhibendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
adhibendī adhibendō adhibendum adhibendō adhibitum adhibitū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: adhibit

References[edit]

  • adhibeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adhibeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • adhibeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to exert oneself: contentionem adhibere
    • to consult a person, take his advice: aliquem in or ad consilium adhibere
    • to spur, urge a person on: calcaria alicui adhibere, admovere; stimulos alicui admovere
    • to restrain some one: frenos adhibere alicui
    • to show that one is serious: severitatem adhibere
    • to exercise one's cruelty on some one: crudelitatem adhibere in aliquem
    • to use violence against some one: vim adhibere, facere alicui
    • to observe moderation, be moderate: modum tenere, retinere, servare, adhibere
    • to show moderation in a matter: moderationem, modum adhibere in aliqua re
    • to pray to God: adhibere deo preces
    • to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
    • to welcome some one to one's table: adhibere aliquem cenae or ad cenam, convivio or in convivium
    • to use some one's evidence: aliquem testem adhibere