From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



ad- (towards) +‎ capiō (I take).



accipiō (present infinitive accipere, perfect active accēpī, supine acceptum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. to receive, accept, take
  2. to hear (of), learn (of), learn
  3. to bear, endure, suffer (particularly something disagreeable or troublesome)
  4. (something that was said or done) to take, to regard, to interpret (as) (with ad or in + acc.)
    • 62 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares 4.4.1:
      et ego ipse, quem tu per iocum sic enim accipio divitias orationis habere dicis
      and I myself, whom you declare to be a joke (as I take it) to possess a rich store of language.
  5. to entertain (e.g., guests)
  6. to treat, to deal with
  7. to understand (receive as true)


   Conjugation of accipiō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present accipiō accipis accipit accipimus accipitis accipiunt
imperfect accipiēbam accipiēbās accipiēbat accipiēbāmus accipiēbātis accipiēbant
future accipiam accipiēs accipiet accipiēmus accipiētis accipient
perfect accēpī accēpistī accēpit accēpimus accēpistis accēpērunt,
pluperfect accēperam accēperās accēperat accēperāmus accēperātis accēperant
future perfect accēperō accēperis accēperit accēperimus accēperitis accēperint
sigmatic future1 accepsō accepsis accepsit accepsimus accepsitis accepsint
passive present accipior acciperis,
accipitur accipimur accipiminī accipiuntur
imperfect accipiēbar accipiēbāris,
accipiēbātur accipiēbāmur accipiēbāminī accipiēbantur
future accipiar accipiēris,
accipiētur accipiēmur accipiēminī accipientur
perfect acceptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect acceptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect acceptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present accipiam accipiās accipiat accipiāmus accipiātis accipiant
imperfect acciperem acciperēs acciperet acciperēmus acciperētis acciperent
perfect accēperim accēperīs accēperit accēperīmus accēperītis accēperint
pluperfect accēpissem accēpissēs accēpisset accēpissēmus accēpissētis accēpissent
sigmatic aorist1 accepsim accepsīs accepsīt accepsīmus accepsītis accepsint
passive present accipiar accipiāris,
accipiātur accipiāmur accipiāminī accipiantur
imperfect acciperer acciperēris,
acciperētur acciperēmur acciperēminī acciperentur
perfect acceptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect acceptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present accipe accipite
future accipitō accipitō accipitōte accipiuntō
passive present accipere accipiminī
future accipitor accipitor accipiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives accipere accēpisse acceptūrum esse accipī acceptum esse acceptum īrī
participles accipiēns acceptūrus acceptus accipiendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
accipiendī accipiendō accipiendum accipiendō acceptum acceptū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to").



Derived terms[edit]


  • accipio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • accipio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • accipio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer mishap: calamitatem accipere, subire
    • to suffer loss, harm, damage: detrimentum capere, accipere, facere
    • to know from hearsay: auditione et fama accepisse aliquid
    • we know; we have been told: accepimus
    • to overestimate a thing: in maius accipere aliquid
    • to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • to be in correspondence with..: litteras inter se dare et accipere
    • to give one's word that..: fidem dare alicui (opp. accipere) (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • to be the victim of an injustice: iniuriam accipere
    • to accept as a happy omen: omen accipere (opp. improbare)
    • to interpret something as an omen: accipere, vertere aliquid in omen
    • to entertain, regale a person: accipere aliquem (bene, copiose, laute, eleganter, regio apparatu, apparatis epulis)
    • to welcome a man as a guest in one's house: hospitio aliquem accipere or excipere (domum ad se)
    • to inherit something: hereditate aliquid accipere
    • to lend, borrow money at interest: pecuniam fenori (fenore) alicui dare, accipere ab aliquo
    • to reject a bill: legem antiquare (opp. accipere, iubere)
    • to submit to the yoke of slavery: iugum servitutis accipere
    • to suffer a defeat: cladem accipere
    • to be (seriously, mortally) wounded: vulnus (grave, mortiferum) accipere, excipere
    • to accept the terms of the peace: pacis condiciones accipere, subire (opp. repudiare, respuere)
    • to accept the submission of a people: populum in deditionem accipere
    • (ambiguous) to put down to a man's credit: alicui acceptum referre aliquid (Verr. 2. 70. 170)
    • (ambiguous) much damage was done by this collision: ex eo navium concursu magnum incommodum est acceptum