ad

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

ad ‎(plural ads)

  1. (informal) advertisement.
    I have placed both of the ads in the newspaper as instructed.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a shortening of the word advantage.

Noun[edit]

ad ‎(plural ads)

  1. (tennis) advantage
  2. (debating) advantage
    ads and disads

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin ad(to, on).

Preposition[edit]

ad

  1. to, toward
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ад
Roman ad
Perso-Arabic آد

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic 𐰀𐱃(āt, name) (sometimes spelled without the vowel as 𐱃), from Proto-Turkic *āt (compare Chuvash ят(jat, name)).

Noun[edit]

ad ‎(definite accusative adı, plural adlar)

  1. name, first name, last name
  2. (grammar) noun

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *ëmta-. Cognates include Finnish antaa and Estonian and.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ad

  1. (transitive) to give (to someone -nak/-nek)
    Adok Sándornak egy könyvet.‎ ― I give Sándor a book.
  2. (transitive) to throw, organize (a party)
    • 1854, Mór Jókai, Egy magyar nábob,[1] chapter 19:
      Könnyű a férjnek azt mondani, én holnap vagy egy hónap múlva nagy ünnepélyt adok, hivatalos lesz rá az egész környék, akiket ismerek és olyanok is, akiket sohasem láttam. A többi az asszony gondja.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

(Expressions):


Ido[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (before a consonant) a

Etymology[edit]

From French à, Italian a/ad, Spanish a, all ultimately from Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád(near, at)..

Preposition[edit]

ad

  1. to

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • e, ed(and)
  • o, od(or)

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ad ‎(triggers lenition)

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) Contraction of do do(to/for your sg).

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ad ‎(triggers lenition)

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) Contraction of i do(in your sg).

Italian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ad

  1. to, at, in (used before a vowel for euphony instead of a)
    1. Dallo ad Adamo.‎ ― Give it to Adam.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ad, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd(near, at). Cognates include English at.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ad ‎(+ accusative)

  1. (direction) toward, to, on, up to, for
    Ad vim atque ad arma confugere.
    To fly to violence and to fighting.
    Ad maiorem Dei gloriam.
    For the greater glory of God.

Related terms[edit]

  • ad- (same word modified and used as a prefix)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word ad is an antithesis to ab (just as in is to ex; in a progressive order of relation, ad denotes, first, the direction toward an object; then the reaching of or attaining to it; and finally, the being at or near it.)
  • Often used of geographical position of a place in reference to the points of compass, with the verbs iaceō(lie, be situated), vergō(incline, slope), spectō(observe, see) etc.:
    Asia iacet ad meridiem et austrum, Europa ad septentriones et aquilonem.
    Asia lies near the prime meridian and the south, Europe near the northern regions and northern wind. (There are two words for north.)
    Ad Atticam vergente.
    Inclining to Attic.
  • When appended to the beginning of a word, ad often becomes ap- when followed by ‘p’, as in appretiō, from pretium. But note that adpretiō is also found.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: a (preposition)
  • English: ad (preposition)
  • Catalan: a (preposition)
  • Dalmatian: a (preposition)
  • Franco-Provençal: a
  • French: à
  • Friulian: a (preposition)
  • Galician: a (preposition)
  • Italian: a (preposition), ad
  • Portuguese: a (preposition)
  • Romanian: a (preposition)
  • Sicilian: a
  • Spanish: a (preposition)

References[edit]

  • ad in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ad in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • AD in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • one has a view over...; one is able to see as far as..: prospectus est ad aliquid
    • on the edge of the hill: ad extremum tumulum
    • to raise the eyes to heaven; to look up to the sky: oculos tollere, attollere ad caelum
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • eastern, western Germany: Germania quae or Germaniae ea pars quae, ad orientem, occidentem vergit
    • the city is very beautifully situated: urbs situ ad aspectum praeclara est
    • to stretch northwards: porrigi ad septentriones
    • the territory of this race extends as far as the Rhine: haec gens pertinet usque ad Rhenum
    • to go in and out of any one's house; to visit frequently: commeare ad aliquem
    • to draw near to a city: appropinquare urbi, rarely ad urbem
    • to advance nearer to the city: propius accedere ad urbem or urbem
    • to set out for Rome: ad Romam proficisci
    • I have no time to do something: tempus mihi deest ad aliquid faciendum
    • to employ one's time in..: tempus conferre ad aliquid
    • to devote every spare moment to...; to work without intermission at a thing: nullum tempus intermittere, quin (also ab opere, or ad opus)
    • to require, give, take time for deliberation: tempus (spatium) deliberandi or ad deliberandum postulare, dare, sibi sumere
    • to give some one a few days for reflection: paucorum dierum spatium ad deliberandum dare
    • to be there at a given time: ad tempus adesse
    • for a short time: ad exiguum tempus
    • a year from now: ad annum
    • till late at night: ad multam noctem
    • at the appointed time: ad diem constitutam
    • at the time agreed on: ad horam compositam
    • to come to some one's ears: ad aures alicuius (not alicui) pervenire, accidere
    • to draw every one's eyes upon one: omnium oculos (et ora) ad se convertere
    • to turn one's eyes (ears, attention) towards an object: oculos (aures, animum) advertere ad aliquid
    • to fall at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius accidere
    • to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
    • to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • to put on a stern air: vultum componere ad severitatem
    • to live to a very great age: ad summam senectutem pervenire
    • to reach one's hundredth year, to live to be a hundred: vitam ad annum centesimum perducere
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • to prepare to do a thing: aggredi ad aliquid faciendum
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: ad finem aliquid adducere
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: ad exitum aliquid perducere
    • to frustrate, nullify: ad irritum redigere aliquid
    • I was induced by several considerations to..: multae causae me impulerunt ad aliquid or ut...
    • to accrue in great abundance: ex aliqua re redundare (in or ad aliquid)
    • to determine the issue of; to turn the scale: momentum afferre ad aliquid
    • to be essentially important to a thing: pertinere ad aliquid
    • a wise man is in no way affected by this: hoc nihil ad sapientem pertinet
    • to contribute much towards...; to affect considerably; to be instrumental in..: multum valere ad aliquid
    • to contribute much towards...; to affect considerably; to be instrumental in..: multum afferre ad aliquid
    • to have considerable influence on a question: magnam vim habere ad aliquid
    • to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: occasionem alicui dare, praebere alicuius rei or ad aliquid faciendum
    • to give occasion for blame; to challenge criticism: ansas dare ad reprehendum, reprehensionis
    • to be induced by a consideration: adduci aliqua re (ad aliquid or ut...)
    • his crowning happiness is produced by a thing; the culminating point of his felicity is..: ad felicitatem (magnus) cumulus accedit ex aliqua re
    • when life runs smoothly: in rebus prosperis et ad voluntatem fluentibus
    • for a life of perfect happiness: ad bene beateque vivendum
    • to be prepared for all that may come: ad omnes casus subsidia comparare
    • to be a victim of the malice of Fortune: ad iniurias fortunae expositum esse
    • to be ruined, undone: ad exitium vocari
    • to be ruined, undone: ad interitum ruere
    • many dangers hem a person in; one meets new risks at every turn: pericula in or ad aliquem redundant
    • affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: res ad extremum casum perducta est
    • affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: ad extrema perventum est
    • to fly to some one for refuge: confugere ad aliquem or ad opem, ad fidem alicuius
    • to be reduced to one's last resource: ad extremum auxilium descendere
    • to be reduced to (abject) poverty: ad egestatem, ad inopiam (summam omnium rerum) redigi
    • to considerably (in no way) further the common good: multum (nihil) ad communem utilitatem afferre
    • to consider one's own advantage in everything: omnia ad suam utilitatem referre
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • I am benefited by a thing: aliquid ad meum fructum redundat
    • to accomodate oneself to another's wishes: se conformare, se accommodare ad alicuius voluntatem
    • to take one's directions from another; to obey him in everything: se convertere, converti ad alicuius nutum
    • to be at the beck and call of another; to be his creature: totum se fingere et accommodare ad alicuius arbitrium et nutum
    • to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: negotium ad aliquem deferre
    • to gain some one's friendship; to become intimate with: ad alicuius amicitiam se conferre, se applicare
    • to admit another into the circle of one's intimates: aliquem (tertium) ad (in) amicitiam ascribere
    • to attain to the highest eminence: ad summam auctoritatem pervenire
    • vague rumours reach us: dubii rumores afferuntur ad nos
    • to kindle ambition in some one's mind: aliquem cupiditate honorum inflammare (or aliquem ad cupiditatem honorum inflammare)
    • to expend great labour on a thing: operam (laborem, curam) in or ad aliquid impendere
    • to be energetic about, throw one's heart into a thing: incumbere in (ad) aliquid
    • to take a task in hand, engage upon it: ad opus faciendum accedere
    • to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio abūti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • to turn one's attention to a thing: animum attendere ad aliquid
    • to accommodate something to the standard of the popular intelligence: ad intellegentiam communem or popularem accommodare aliquid
    • to induce a person to think that..: aliquem ad eam cogitationem adducere ut
    • to give all one's attention to a thing: omnes cogitationes ad aliquid conferre
    • to study the commonplace: cogitationes in res humiles abicere (De Amic. 9. 32) (Opp. alte spectare, ad altiora tendere, altum, magnificum, divinum suspicere)
    • to bring to the highest perfection: ad summum perducere
    • to attain perfection: ad perfectionem, (ad summum) pervenire
    • to win a man over to one's own way of thinking: aliquem ad suam sententiam perducere or in suam sententiam adducere
    • to adopt some one's opinion: ad alicuius sententiam accedere, sententiam alicuius sequi
    • to be truthful in all one's statements: omnia ad veritatem dicere
    • to be very near the truth: proxime ad verum accedere
    • to consult a person, take his advice: aliquem in or ad consilium adhibere
    • to consent to..., lend oneself to..: descendere ad aliquid, ad omnia (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly descendere...)
    • to have recourse to extreme measures: descendere ad extrema consilia (Fam. 10. 33. 4)
    • to have an object in view: spectare aliquid or ad aliquid
    • there seems a prospect of armed violence; things look like violence: res spectat ad vim (arma)
    • he attained his object: ad id quod voluit pervenit
    • with this very object: ad id ipsum
    • in memory of..: memoriae causa, ad (not in) memoriam (Brut. 16. 62)
    • to reduce a thing to its theoretical principles; to apply theory to a thing: ad artem, ad rationem revocare aliquid (De Or. 2. 11. 44)
    • to combine theory with practice: doctrinam ad usum adiungere
    • to employ all one's energies on literary work: omne studium in litteris collocare, ad litteras conferre
    • to feel an attraction for study: trahi, ferri ad litteras
    • to civilise men, a nation: homines, gentem a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque deducere (De Or. 1. 8. 33)
    • to teach a person refinement: aliquem ad humanitatem informare or instituere
    • to become a pupil, disciple of some one: operam dare or simply se dare alicui, se tradere in disciplinam alicuius, se conferre, se applicare ad aliquem
    • the usual subjects taught to boys: artes, quibus aetas puerilis ad humanitatem informari solet
    • to be born for a thing, endowed by nature for it: natum, factum esse ad aliquid (faciendum)
    • to have as authority for a thing: auctore aliquo uti ad aliquid
    • to set up some one as one's ideal, model: sibi exemplum alicuius proponere ad imitandum or simply sibi aliquem ad imitandum proponere
    • to shape one's conduct after another's model: ad exemplum alicuius se conformare
    • to adopt a didactic tone: ad praecipiendi rationem delābi (Q. Fr. 1. 1. 6. 18)
    • to devote oneself to philosophy: se conferre ad philosophiam, ad philosophiae or sapientiae studium (Fam. 4. 3. 4)
    • to apply oneself to the study of philosophy: animum appellere or se applicare ad philosophiam
    • to systematise: ad artem redigere aliquid
    • to systematise: ad rationem, ad artem et praecepta revocare aliquid (De Or. 1. 41)
    • to treat with scientific exactness; to classify: ad rationis praecepta accommodare aliquid
    • to deal with a subject on scientific principles: ad philosophorum or philosophandi rationes revocare aliquid
    • to demonstrate, make a thing clear: aliquid planum facere (Ad Herenn. 2. 5)
    • to discuss, investigate a subject scientifically: disputare (de aliqua re, ad aliquid)
    • to pass from myth to history: ut a fabulis ad facta veniamus
    • to give a veracious and historic account of a thing: narrare aliquid ad fidem historiae
    • to devote oneself to writing history: ad historiam (scribendam) se conferre or se applicare
    • to calculate the date of an event: ad temporum rationem aliquid revocare
    • to devote oneself to the study of a natural science: se conferre ad naturae investigationem
    • to make a copy true to nature: aliquid ad verum exprimere
    • to devote oneself to poetry: se conferre ad poesis studium
    • to transplant to Rome one of the branches of poesy: poesis genus ad Romanos transferre
    • to sing to a flute accompaniment: ad tibiam or ad tibicinem canere
    • to devote oneself to oratory: ad dicendum se conferre
    • to be a born orator: natum, factum esse ad dicendum
    • to be a ready, fluent speaker: facilem et expeditum esse ad dicendum (Brut. 48. 180)
    • to be a persuasive speaker: accommodate ad persuadendum dicere
    • to come forward to make a speech; to address the house: aggredi ad dicendum
    • to be never at a loss for something to say: solutum et expeditum esse ad dicendum
    • to adopt the language of everyday life: accedere ad cotidiani sermonis genus
    • to express oneself in popular language: ad vulgarem sensum or ad communem opinionem orationem accommodare (Off. 2. 10. 35)
    • I have nothing to write about: deest mihi argumentum ad scribendum (Att. 9. 7. 7)
    • to afford matter for elaboration, embellishment: materiem ad ornatum praebere
    • to come back to the point: ad propositum reverti, redire
    • to come back to the point: ad rem redire
    • but to return from the digression we have been making: sed ad id, unde digressi sumus, revertamur
    • but to return from the digression we have been making: verum ut ad id, unde digressa est oratio, revertamur
    • the question has been settled: quaestio ad exitum venit
    • to answer questions: ad interrogata respondere
    • to be humorously inclined: animo prompto esse ad iocandum
    • to make a joke of a thing: aliquid ad ridiculum convertere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): ad verbum transferre, exprimere
    • to the letter; literally: ad litteram, litterate
    • to arrange in alphabetical order: ad litteram or litterarum ordine digerere
    • to become a writer, embrace a literary career: ad scribendum or ad scribendi studium se conferre
    • to become a writer, embrace a literary career: animum ad scribendum appellere, applicare
    • to dedicate a book to some one: librum mittere ad aliquem (Fin. 1. 3. 8)
    • the book is attributed to an unknown writer: liber refertur ad nescio quem auctorem
    • to write a letter to some one: epistulam (litteras) dare, scribere, mittere ad aliquem
    • a letter to Atticus: epistula ad Atticum data, scripta, missa or quae ad A. scripta est
    • to charge some one with a letter for some one else: epistulam dare alicui ad aliquem
    • to put a man in a pleasurable frame of mind: animum alicuius ad laetitiam excitare
    • I have become callous to all pain: animus meus ad dolorem obduruit (Fam. 2. 16. 1)
    • to be resigned to a thing: (animo) paratum esse ad aliquid
    • to prepare oneself for all contingencies: ad omnes casus se comparare
    • to regain one's self-possession: ad se redire
    • to be plunged into the depths of despair: ad (summam) desperationem pervenire, adduci (B. C. 2. 42)
    • to awaken new hope in some one: ad spem aliquem excitare, erigere
    • expectation is overthrown: spes ad irritum cadit, ad irritum redigitur
    • to arouse feelings of compassion in some one: ad misericordiam aliquem allicere, adducere, inducere
    • to love and make a bosom friend of a person: aliquem in sinu gestare (aliquis est in sinu alicuius) (Ter. Ad. 4. 5. 75)
    • to flee for refuge to some one: confugere ad aliquem, ad fidem alicuius
    • a suspicion falls on some one: suspicio (alicuius rei) cadit in aliquem, pertinet ad aliquem
    • to make virtue the standard in every thought and act: omnia consilia et facta ad virtutem referre (Phil. 10. 10. 20)
    • to rouse in some one an enthusiasm for virtue: excitare aliquem ad virtutem
    • to have a natural propensity to vice: natura proclivem esse ad vitia
    • to rouse a person's interest, cupidity: aliquem ad cupiditatem incitare
    • to return to one's duties: ad officium redire
    • to have an inclination for a thing: propensum, proclivem esse ad aliquid (opp. alienum, aversum esse, abhorrere ab aliqua re)
    • to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad sanitatem reverti, redire
    • to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad bonam frugem se recipere
    • to bring some one back to his senses: ad sanitatem adducere, revocare aliquem
    • to measure something by the standard of something else; to make something one's criterion: dirigere or referre aliquid ad aliquam rem
    • immorality is daily gaining ground: mores in dies magis labuntur (also with ad, e.g. ad mollitiem)
    • to descend to the world below: ad inferos descendere
    • to approach the gods: propius ad deos accedere (Mil. 22. 59)
    • to raise the hands to heaven (attitude of prayer): (supinas) manus ad caelum tendere
    • to proclaim a public thanksgiving at all the street-shrines of the gods: supplicationem indicere ad omnia pulvinaria (Liv. 27. 4)
    • to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • the necessaries of life: res ad vitam necessariae
    • the necessaries of life: quae ad victum pertinent
    • things indispensable to a life of comfort: res ad victum cultumque necessariae
    • to provide some one with a livelihood: omnes ad vitam copias suppeditare alicui
    • a livelihood: quae suppeditant ad victum (Off. 1. 4. 12)
    • from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
    • to invite some one to dinner: aliquem vocare, invitare ad cenam
    • to accept an invitiation to dinner: promittere (ad cenam) (Off. 3. 14. 58)
    • to promise to dine with a person: promittere ad aliquem
    • to invite oneself to some one's house for dinner: condicere alicui (ad cenam)
    • to welcome some one to one's table: adhibere aliquem cenae or ad cenam, convivio or in convivium
    • to go to a man's house as his guest: deverti ad aliquem (ad [in] villam)
    • to welcome a man as a guest in one's house: hospitio aliquem accipere or excipere (domum ad se)
    • to unite isolated individuals into a society: dissipatos homines in (ad) societatem vitae convocare (Tusc. 1. 25. 62)
    • to obtain an audience of some one: (ad colloquium) admitti (B. C. 3. 57)
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • to go through accounts, make a valuation of a thing: ad calculos vocare aliquid (Amic. 16. 58)
    • corn had gone up to 50 denarii the bushel: ad denarios L in singulos modios annona pervenerat
    • to hold the reins of government: ad gubernacula (metaph. only in plur.) rei publicae sedere
    • to devote oneself to politics, a political career: accedere, se conferre ad rem publicam
    • to consider a thing from a political point of view: ad rei publicae rationes aliquid referre
    • to get oneself admitted as a plebeian: traduci ad plebem (Att. 1. 18. 4)
    • to transfer oneself from the patrician to the plebeian order: transitio ad plebem (Brut. 16. 62)
    • to transfer oneself from the patrician to the plebeian order: traductio ad plebem
    • to elevate to the highest dignity: aliquem ad summam dignitatem perducere (B. G. 7. 39)
    • to rise, mount to the honours of office: ad honores ascendere
    • to attain to the highest offices: ad summos honores pervenire (cf. also sect. V. 17)
    • to summon an assembly of the people: convocare populi concilium and populum ad concilium
    • to propose a law in the popular assembly: legem ferre or simply ferre ad populum, ut...
    • to throw oneself heart and soul into politics: studio ad rem publicam ferri
    • things seem tending towards an interregnum: res fluit ad interregnum
    • to summon to liberty: ad libertatem conclamare
    • to call to arms: ad arma conclamare (Liv. 3. 50)
    • an interregnum ensues: res ad interregnum venit or adducitur
    • to appeal to the people: provocare ad populum (Liv. 2. 55)
    • to bring a question before the senate (of the presiding magistrate): ad senatum referre (Cic. Dom. 53. 136)
    • the senate inclines to the opinion, decides for..: senatus sententia inclīnat ad... (De Sen. 6. 16)
    • a matter is referred (for decision) from the senate to the people: a senatu res ad populum reicitur
    • to reduce law to a system: ius ad artem redigere
    • to undertake a case: ad causam aggredi or accedere
    • to bind to the stake: ad palum deligare (Liv. 2. 5)
    • men exempt from service owing to age: qui per aetatem arma ferre non possunt or aetate ad bellum inutiles
    • to fail to answer one's name: ad nomen non respondere (Liv. 7. 4)
    • to issue a general call to arms: omnes ad arma convocare
    • to appoint some one commander-in-chief: imperii summam deferre alicui or ad aliquem, tradere alicui
    • the command is transferred, passes to some one: imperium transfertur ad aliquem (not transit)
    • matters have reached the fighting-stage: res ad arma venit
    • to come within javelin-range: ad teli coniectum venire (Liv. 2. 31)
    • to carry on a war energetically: omni studio in (ad) bellum incumbere
    • to go to war, commence a campaign: proficisci ad bellum, in expeditionem (Sall. Iug. 103)
    • to send to the war: mittere ad bellum
    • to advance on..: exercitum admovere, adducere ad...
    • the bugle, trumpet sounds before the general's tent: classicum or tuba canit ad praetorium
    • to refer a matter to a council of war: rem ad consilium deferre
    • to provoke the enemy to battle: proelio (ad pugnam) hostes lacessere, provocare
    • to choose suitable ground for an engagement: locum ad pugnam idoneum deligere
    • to rush to arms: ad arma concurrere
    • to have recourse to force of arms: ad vim et arma descendere (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly...)
    • to place the cavalry on the wings: equites ad latera disponere (B. G. 6. 8)
    • to incite to valour: ad virtutem excitare, cohortari (or simply adhortari, cohortari)
    • to challenge some one to single combat: povocare aliquem ad certamen singulare
    • the triarii must now fight (proverbially = we are reduced to extremities): res ad triarios redit (Liv. 8. 8)
    • swords must now decide the day: res ad gladios vēnit
    • the fighting is now at close quarters: res ad manus venit
    • to absolutely annihilate the enemy: hostes ad internecionem caedere, delere (Liv. 9. 26)
    • they perished to a man: ad unum omnes perierunt
    • to reduce a people to their former obedience: aliquem ad officium (cf. sect. X. 7, note officium...) reducere (Nep. Dat. 2. 3)
    • to completely annihilate a nation: gentem ad internecionem redigere or adducere (B. G. 2. 28)
    • the ship strikes on the rocks: navis ad scopulos alliditur (B. C. 3. 27)
    • the storm drives some one on an unknown coast: procella (tempestas) aliquem ex alto ad ignotas terras (oras) defert
    • to land (of people): appellere navem (ad terram, litus)
    • to land (of ships): appelli (ad oram) (Att. 13. 21)
    • to make fast boats to anchors: naves ad ancoras deligare (B. G. 4. 29)
    • to ride at anchor: ad ancoram consistere
    • to ride at anchor: ad ancoras deligari
    • to pass on: ad reliqua pergamus, progrediamur
    • I do not take that too strictly: non id ad vivum reseco (Lael. 5. 8)
    • but this is not to the point: sed hoc nihil (sane) ad rem

Manx[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ad

  1. Third person plural.
    they, them

Meriam[edit]

Noun[edit]

ad

  1. story

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aidaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ād m

  1. fire, funeral pyre

Declension[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ad.

Preposition[edit]

ad

  1. Alternative form of a (to; towards)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin habet.

Verb[edit]

ad

  1. Alternative form of a; third-person singular present indicative of avoir

Pumpokol[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔaʒ(I). Compare Assan and Arin aj and Kottish ai.

Pronoun[edit]

ad

  1. I (first-person subjective singular)

Related terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English hat (compare Irish hata).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ad f ‎(genitive singular aide, plural adan or adaichean)

  1. hat
    ad a' bhile òir‎ ― the gold-rimmed hat
    bile na h-aide‎ ― the rim of the hat

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed](ad, name), from Old Turkic 𐰀𐱃(āt, name), from Proto-Turkic *āt (compare Chuvash ят(jat, name)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ad ‎(definite accusative adı, plural adlar)

  1. name, first name, last name

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian ад(ad).

Noun[edit]

ad

  1. hell, underworld

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ad
nominative sing. ad
genitive sing. adun
partitive sing. adud
partitive plur. aduid
singular plural
nominative ad adud
accusative adun adud
genitive adun aduiden
partitive adud aduid
essive-instructive adun aduin
translative aduks aduikš
inessive adus aduiš
elative aduspäi aduišpäi
illative  ? aduihe
adessive adul aduil
ablative adulpäi aduilpäi
allative adule aduile
abessive aduta aduita
comitative adunke aduidenke
prolative adudme aduidme
approximative I adunno aduidenno
approximative II adunnoks aduidennoks
egressive adunnopäi aduidennopäi
terminative I  ? aduihesai
terminative II adulesai aduilesai
terminative III adussai
additive I  ? aduihepäi
additive II adulepäi aduilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “ад”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ad

  1. for, in order to, to

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ad

  1. Soft mutation of gad.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gad ad ngad unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.