adat

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See also: ADAT, adāt, and -ádat

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Malay adat, from Classical Persianعادت('ādat), from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda, habit, custom), from the verb ⁧عَوْدَ(ʕawda, to appertain, to be proper).

Noun[edit]

adat (countable and uncountable, plural adats)

  1. Traditional custom or law, in Islamic parts of Southeast Asia. [from 18th c.]
    • 2020, Sujit Sivasundaram, Waves Across the South, William Collins, published 2021, page 254:
      [T]he early-nineteenth-century Padri movement [] was an accelerated programme of religious renewal in West Sumatra, an attempt to cleanse Islam of adat or local customary law and practices.

Anagrams[edit]

Ambonese Malay[edit]

Lemma[edit]

adat

  1. rule
  2. custom, habit

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Malay adat, from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda, habit, custom).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.dɑt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: adat

Noun[edit]

adat f or m (plural adats)

  1. (countable) a Malay or Indonesian legal tradition
  2. (uncountable) adat, traditional Malay law
    Synonym: adatrecht

Derived terms[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ad (to give) +‎ -at (resultative noun-forming suffix).[1] Compare the derivation of Latin datum (that which is given).

Noun[edit]

adat (plural adatok)

  1. data
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative adat adatok
accusative adatot adatokat
dative adatnak adatoknak
instrumental adattal adatokkal
causal-final adatért adatokért
translative adattá adatokká
terminative adatig adatokig
essive-formal adatként adatokként
essive-modal adatul
inessive adatban adatokban
superessive adaton adatokon
adessive adatnál adatoknál
illative adatba adatokba
sublative adatra adatokra
allative adathoz adatokhoz
elative adatból adatokból
delative adatról adatokról
ablative adattól adatoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
adaté adatoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
adatéi adatokéi
Possessive forms of adat
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. adatom adataim
2nd person sing. adatod adataid
3rd person sing. adata adatai
1st person plural adatunk adataink
2nd person plural adatotok adataitok
3rd person plural adatuk adataik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

Etymology 2[edit]

ad (to give) +‎ -at (causative suffix)

Verb[edit]

adat

  1. (transitive) causative of ad: to have someone give or to have something given
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • (noun, “data”): adat in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (verb, causative of “to give”): adat in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • adat in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Iban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay adat, from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda, habit, custom), from the verb ⁧عَوْدَ(ʕawda, to appurtain, to be proper).

Noun[edit]

adat

  1. custom (Frequent repetition of the same act)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay adat, from Classical Malayعادة(adat), from Persianعادت('âdat), from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda, habit, custom), from the verb ⁧عَوْدَ(ʕawda, to appurtain, to be proper).

Noun[edit]

adat (first-person possessive adatku, second-person possessive adatmu, third-person possessive adatnya)

  1. tradition
    menurut adat daerah ini
    according to the tradition of this region
  2. custom, habit
    dia memiliki adat yang buruk
    he has a bad habit
  3. law, rule
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Betawi adat or Javanese ꦔꦢꦠ꧀ (ngadat, troublesome, literally habit), cf. the same etymology as above.

Verb[edit]

adat (used in the form mengadat or ngadat)

  1. (of vehicles, chiefly Jakarta) to stop to work, to have mechanical failure
  2. (Betawi) to sulk, to cry
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

adat

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦢꦠ꧀.

Kalasha[edit]

Noun[edit]

adat

  1. habit, custom, character

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Malayعادة(adat), from Persianعادت('âdat), from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda, habit, custom), from the verb ⁧عَوْدَ(ʕawda, to appurtain, to be proper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adat (Jawi spellingعادت⁩, plural adat-adat, informal 1st possessive adatku, 2nd possessive adatmu, 3rd possessive adatnya)

  1. custom (Frequent repetition of the same act)

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: adat
  • English: adat
  • Dutch: adat
  • Iban: adat
  • Western Cham: ⁧عادة(adat)

Further reading[edit]

Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

adat

  1. Romanization of ᮃᮓᮒ᮪.

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the older adati, with word-final vowel deletion. Likely reinforced by Indonesian adat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

adat

  1. Alternative form of adati

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Turkmen[edit]

Noun[edit]

adat (definite accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. custom

Declension[edit]

Western Cham[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay adat, from Arabicعَادَة(ʕāda).

Noun[edit]

adat

  1. custom; tradition
    ني عادة راسم ݢيتا.
    Ni adat rasam gita.
    This is our tradition.

References[edit]

  • Abdul Majid Hj. Yunos (2012) Kamus Cam–Melayu [Cham–Malay Dictionary] (in Malay), Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, →ISBN, page 1