عود

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See also: ع و د

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From ع و د (ʿ-w-d) meaning to bend or be flexible, to return, to be supple.[1] See also aloe, lute.

The instrument sense of the word derives as an Arabic version of the Persian بربط (barbat), that featured a smaller more curved neck with greater tension, as well as a larger rounded belly created from steam-bent strips of wood.

The Barbat was carved from one solid piece of wood, the larger size of the oud's belly was something not previously possible before the further development of using hot moisture to aid in bending thin strips. This characteristic technique became the source of the instruments name.[2] For additional etymology theories see Oud and for the history see Barbat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عُود (ʿūdm (plural أَعْوَاد (ʾaʿwād) or عِيدَان (ʿīdān))

  1. wood, timber
  2. stick, rod, pole
  3. branch, twig
  4. stem, stalk
  5. cane, reed
  6. aloe, agarwood, any plant with high moisture content
  7. thin strip of wood, veneer
  8. (music) oud, lute
  9. body, build, physique
  10. strength, specifically tensile strength, force, intensity
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verbal noun of عَادَ (ʿāda, to return), from the root ع و د (ʿ-w-d).

Noun[edit]

عَوْد (ʿawdm

  1. verbal noun of عَادَ (ʿāda) (form I)
  2. return
  3. reversion, recurrence
  4. (law) recidivism
  5. repetition, reiteration
Declension[edit]

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

عود (ʕawd)

  1. horse

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic.

Noun[edit]

عود (ud) (plural عودها (ud-hâ))

  1. (music) oud, lute, barbat

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lane's Dictionary, pages 2188-2192, specifically bottom middle column of 2190, "عود", root meaning to bend or be flexible, to return, to be supple.
  2. ^ During, Jean (1988-12-15). "Encyclopaedia Iranica - Barbat". Iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2012-02-04.