aloe

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See also: Aloe, àloe, áloe, aloé, aloè, aloë, and Aloë

English[edit]

Aloe striatula, an aloe (2)

Etymology[edit]

From Old English alwe (fragrant resin of an East Indian tree), from Latin aloē, from Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē), from Hebrew אֲהָלִים(ʾăhālîm), ultimately from Tamil அகில் (akil);[1] reinforced in Middle English by Old French aloes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aloe (plural aloes)

  1. (in the plural) The resins of the tree Aquilaria malaccensis (syn. Aquilaria agallocha), known for their fragrant aroma, produced after infection by the fungus Phialophora parasitica.
  2. A plant of the genus Aloe.
    • 1912, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World[1]:
      In mercy I put a bullet through his skull, and he fell sprawling among the aloes.
  3. A strong, bitter drink made from the juice of such plants, used as a purgative.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: aló
  • Samoan: aloe

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shulman, David (2016) Tamil: A biography, Harvard University Press, pages 19-20:
    We have ahalim [in Hebrew], probably derived directly from Tamil akil rather than from Sanskrit aguru, itself a loan from the Tamil (Numbers 24.8; Proverbs 7.17; Song of Songs 4.14; Psalms 45.9--the latter two instances with the feminine plural form ahalot. Akil is, we think, native to South India, and it is thus not surprising that the word was borrowed by cultures that imported this plant.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin aloē.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.lo.e/
  • Rhymes: -aloe
  • Hyphenation: à‧lo‧e

Noun[edit]

aloe m or f (invariable)

  1. aloe (plant)

References[edit]

  • aloe in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek (τὰ) Ἁλῶα ((tà) Halôa), derived from ἅλως (hálōs, threshing floor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aˈlɔ.e/
  • Rhymes: -ɔe
  • Hyphenation: a‧lò‧e

Noun[edit]

aloe f pl (plural only)

  1. (historical, Ancient Greece) A festival dedicated to Demeter, celebrated in the time of the harvesting of grapes.

References[edit]

  • alòe in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē, aloes). Ultimately from Tamil அகில் (akil);[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aloē f (genitive aloēs); first declension

  1. The aloe.
  2. The bitter juice produced by the aloe used as a perfume, in medicine and in embalming.
  3. (figuratively) Bitterness (in general).

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun (Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aloē aloae
Genitive aloēs aloārum
Dative aloae aloīs
Accusative aloēn aloās
Ablative aloē aloīs
Vocative aloē aloae

Descendants[edit]

All are borrowed.

References[edit]

  • aloe”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aloe”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aloe in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  1. ^ Shulman, David (2016) Tamil: A biography, Harvard University Press, pages 19-20:
    We have ahalim [in Hebrew], probably derived directly from Tamil akil rather than from Sanskrit aguru, itself a loan from the Tamil (Numbers 24.8; Proverbs 7.17; Song of Songs 4.14; Psalms 45.9--the latter two instances with the feminine plural form ahalot. Akil is, we think, native to South India, and it is thus not surprising that the word was borrowed by cultures that imported this plant.

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French aloe.

Noun[edit]

aloe f (plural aloes)

  1. lark (bird)

References[edit]

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (aloe)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin alauda (lark).

Noun[edit]

aloe f (oblique plural aloes, nominative singular aloe, nominative plural aloes)

  1. lark (bird)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (aloe)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin aloe.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aloe f (plural aloes)

  1. aloe (plant of the genus Aloe)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French aloès and Latin aloē, from Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē).

Noun[edit]

aloe f (plural aloe)

  1. aloe
  2. a substance extracted from the aloe plant

Declension[edit]


Samoan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English aloe.

Noun[edit]

aloe

  1. aloe

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aloe m (plural aloes)

  1. Alternative form of áloe

Further reading[edit]


Yoruba[edit]

álóè

Etymology[edit]

English aloe

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

álóè

  1. aloe
    Synonym: ewé etí erin