sap

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See also: SAP, sáp, sāp, sãp, sập, sấp, sắp, sæp, s.ap., -sap, Sap., and śāp

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sæp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æp

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sap, from Old English sæp (juice, sap), from Proto-West Germanic *sap (sap, juice) (compare Dutch sap, German Saft, Icelandic safi), from Proto-Indo-European *sab-, *sap- (to taste) (compare Welsh syb-wydd (fir), Latin sapa (must, new wine), Russian со́пли (sópli, snivel), Armenian համ (ham, juice, taste), Avestan 𐬬𐬌-𐬱𐬁𐬞𐬀(vi-šāpa, having poisonous juices), Sanskrit सबर् (sabar, juice, nectar)). More at sage.

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

sap (countable and uncountable, plural saps)

  1. (uncountable) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
  2. (uncountable) The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  3. Any juice.
  4. (figuratively) Vitality.
  5. (slang, countable) A naive person; a simpleton
    Synonyms: milksop, saphead
    • 1997, “Don't Look Down”, in Curtains, performed by Tindersticks:
      She said I'm such a sap, I'm such a jerk / Can't I ever forget the way that we are / Spend all your time with your eyes on the ground / Looking for the stars
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To drain, suck or absorb from (tree, etc.).
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To exhaust the vitality of.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from sapling.

Noun[edit]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (countable, US, slang) A short wooden club; a leather-covered hand weapon; a blackjack.
    • 1944, William Faulkner, Leigh Brackett, Jules Furthman, The Big Sleep (screenplay)
      I risk my whole future, the hatred of the cops and Eddie Mars' gang. I dodge bullets and eat saps.
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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive, slang) To strike with a sap (with a blackjack).
    • 1944, William Faulkner, Leigh Brackett, Jules Furthman, The Big Sleep (screenplay)
      [A]s he passes the mouth of a narrow alley two men step out quickly. One of them saps Marlowe expertly — they drag him out of sight.
    • 1964, Raymond Chandler, ‎Killer in the Rain
      And when he had me up there he would sap me again and I wouldn't remember anything that happened in between the two sappings.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From French saper (compare Spanish zapar and Italian zappare) from sape (sort of scythe), from Late Latin sappa (sort of mattock).

Noun[edit]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (military) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
  2. (transitive, military) To pierce with saps.
  3. (transitive) To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
  4. (transitive) To gradually weaken.
    to sap one’s conscience
    he saps my energy
  5. (intransitive) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *sappō, from Latin sappa. Compare Romanian săpa, sap, French saper, Italian zappare, Sicilian zappari, Spanish zapar, Friulian sapâ, Venetian sapar, Latin sappa.

Verb[edit]

sap (past participle sãpatã)

  1. I dig (with a pick).

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of saber

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sap, from Old Dutch *sap, from Proto-West Germanic *sap.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sap n (plural sappen, diminutive sapje n)

  1. sap (fluid in plants)
  2. juice
    Hyponyms: aalbessensap, appelsap, citroensap, druivensap, sinaasappelsap, vruchtensap

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: sap
  • Negerhollands: sap

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[edit]


Kholosi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit सर्प (sarpa).

Noun[edit]

sap ?

  1. snake

References[edit]

  • Eric Anonby; Hassan Mohebi Bahmani (2014), “Shipwrecked and Landlocked: Kholosi, an Indo-Aryan Language in South-west Iran”, in Cahier de Studia Iranica xx[1], pages 13-36

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sæp, from Proto-West Germanic *sap, from Proto-Indo-European *sep-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sap (uncountable)

  1. sap (plant juices)
  2. sapwood (wood under bark)
  3. (rare) earwax

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap

  1. second-person singular imperative of sapać

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀲𑀧𑁆𑀧 (sappa), from Sanskrit सर्प (sarpá, snake), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sarpás. Cognate with Punjabi ਸੱਪ (sappa, snake).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

sap m (plural sapa)

  1. snake

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “sap”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 766
  • Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[2], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 40
  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “sap, ~a”, in ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, page 154

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of săpa

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish صاپ(sap, handle; stalk; hair), from Old Turkic sap(sap), from Proto-Turkic [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sap

  1. (slang) not having a significant other

Noun[edit]

sap (definite accusative sapı, plural saplar)

  1. handle
  2. stem, stalk
  3. (slang) penis
  4. (slang) male

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative sap
Definite accusative sapı
Singular Plural
Nominative sap saplar
Definite accusative sapı sapları
Dative sapa saplara
Locative sapta saplarda
Ablative saptan saplardan
Genitive sapın sapların

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sappi.

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. gall (bile)

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sapiō (I am wise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. wisdom

Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *saːpᴰ (cockroach). Cognate with Thai สาบ (sàap), Lao ສາບ (sāp), Shan သၢပ်ႇ (sàap), Bouyei saabt.

Noun[edit]

sap (Sawndip form 𫊷, old orthography sap)

  1. cockroach

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap (old orthography sap)

  1. to wear shoes with the heels stepping down on the back of the shoes