sap

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See also: sáp, sắp, sập, s.ap., sæp, and SAP

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sap, from Old English sæp ‎(juice, sap), from Proto-Germanic *sapą ‎(sap, juice) (compare East Frisian/Dutch sap, German Saft, Icelandic safi), from Proto-Indo-European *sab-, Proto-Indo-European *sap- (compare Welsh sybwydd 'fir', Latin sapa ‎(must, new wine), Russian со́пли ‎(sópli, snivel), Armenian համ ‎(ham, juice, taste), Avestan višāpa 'having poisonous juices'[script needed], Sanskrit sabar 'juice, nectar'[Devanagari needed]), from *sap 'to taste'. More at sage.

Noun[edit]

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sap ‎(countable and uncountable, plural saps)

  1. (uncountable) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
  2. (uncountable) The sap-wood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  3. (slang, countable) A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop; a naive person.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from sapling.

Noun[edit]

sap ‎(plural saps)

  1. (countable, US, slang) A short wooden club; a leather-covered hand weapon; a blackjack.
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Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap ‎(third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive, slang) To strike with a sap (with a blackjack).
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From French saper (compare Spanish zapar and Italian zappare) from sape ‎(sort of scythe), from Late Latin sappa ‎(sort of mattock).

Noun[edit]

sap ‎(plural saps)

  1. (military) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap ‎(third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Dryden
      Nor safe their dwellings were, for sapped by floods, / Their houses fell upon their household gods.
  2. (transitive, military) To pierce with saps.
  3. To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
  4. (transitive) To gradually weaken.
    • to sap one’s conscience
  5. (intransitive) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps — 12
    • (Can we date this quote?) The Tatler
      Both assaults carried on by sapping.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sap

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of saber

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sap. Cognate to English sap and German Saft (from Old High German saf).[1]

Noun[edit]

sap n ‎(plural sappen, diminutive sapje n)

  1. sap (fluid in plants)
  2. juice

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

sap

  1. rafsi of sampu.

Romani[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit सर्प ‎(sarpá, snake).

Noun[edit]

sap m

  1. snake

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic sap, from Proto-Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. shaft

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin sapiō ‎(I am wise).

Noun[edit]

sap

  1. wisdom