सर्प

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See also: सुरूप

Hindi[edit]

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सर्प

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सर्प (sarpá), from Proto-Indo-European *serp-. Doublet of साँप (sā̃p), a tadbhava.

Noun[edit]

सर्प (sarpm (Urdu spelling سرپ‎)

  1. snake

Declension[edit]

Declension of सर्प
Singular Plural
Direct सर्प (sarp) सर्प (sarp)
Oblique सर्प (sarp) सर्पों (sarpõ)
Vocative सर्प (sarp) सर्पो (sarpo)

Synonyms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

पुल्लिंग (pulliṅg): सर्प m (sarp)
स्त्रीलिंग (strīliṅg): सर्पीण f (sarpīṇ)

Borrowed from Sanskrit सर्प (sarpá), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *sarpás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sarpás, from Proto-Indo-European *serp- (to crawl, creep). Doublet of साप (sāp), a tadbhava.

Noun[edit]

सर्प (sarpm

  1. snake, serpent

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “सर्प”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “सर्प”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Yasavanta Ramakrshna Date (1932-1950), “सर्प”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *sarpás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sarpás, from Proto-Indo-European *serp- (to crawl, creep). Cognate with Latin serpēns (serpent), Ancient Greek ἑρπετόν (herpetón).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

सर्प (sarpá)

  1. creeping, crawling, stealing along

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of सर्प (sarpá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्पः
sarpáḥ
सर्पौ
sarpaú
सर्पाः / सर्पासः¹
sarpā́ḥ / sarpā́saḥ¹
Vocative सर्प
sárpa
सर्पौ
sárpau
सर्पाः / सर्पासः¹
sárpāḥ / sárpāsaḥ¹
Accusative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पौ
sarpaú
सर्पान्
sarpā́n
Instrumental सर्पेण
sarpéṇa
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पैः / सर्पेभिः¹
sarpaíḥ / sarpébhiḥ¹
Dative सर्पाय
sarpā́ya
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Ablative सर्पात्
sarpā́t
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Genitive सर्पस्य
sarpásya
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पाणाम्
sarpā́ṇām
Locative सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पेषु
sarpéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ī-stem declension of सर्पी (sarpī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्पी
sarpī́
सर्प्यौ / सर्पी¹
sarpyaù / sarpī́¹
सर्प्यः / सर्पीः¹
sarpyàḥ / sarpī́ḥ¹
Vocative सर्पि
sárpi
सर्प्यौ / सर्पी¹
sárpyau / sarpī́¹
सर्प्यः / सर्पीः¹
sárpyaḥ / sárpīḥ¹
Accusative सर्पीम्
sarpī́m
सर्प्यौ / सर्पी¹
sarpyaù / sarpī́¹
सर्पीः
sarpī́ḥ
Instrumental सर्प्या
sarpyā̀
सर्पीभ्याम्
sarpī́bhyām
सर्पीभिः
sarpī́bhiḥ
Dative सर्प्यै
sarpyaì
सर्पीभ्याम्
sarpī́bhyām
सर्पीभ्यः
sarpī́bhyaḥ
Ablative सर्प्याः
sarpyā̀ḥ
सर्पीभ्याम्
sarpī́bhyām
सर्पीभ्यः
sarpī́bhyaḥ
Genitive सर्प्याः
sarpyā̀ḥ
सर्प्योः
sarpyòḥ
सर्पीणाम्
sarpī́ṇām
Locative सर्प्याम्
sarpyā̀m
सर्प्योः
sarpyòḥ
सर्पीषु
sarpī́ṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of सर्प (sarpá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sarpā́ṇi / sarpā́¹
Vocative सर्प
sárpa
सर्पे
sárpe
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sárpāṇi / sárpā¹
Accusative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sarpā́ṇi / sarpā́¹
Instrumental सर्पेण
sarpéṇa
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पैः / सर्पेभिः¹
sarpaíḥ / sarpébhiḥ¹
Dative सर्पाय
sarpā́ya
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Ablative सर्पात्
sarpā́t
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Genitive सर्पस्य
sarpásya
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पाणाम्
sarpā́ṇām
Locative सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पेषु
sarpéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

सर्प (sarpám

  1. a snake, serpent, serpent-demon (nāga), tortuous motion
  2. a particular constellation (when only the three unfavourable planets are situated in the three kendras)
  3. Mesua ferrea ( <= Mesua roxburghii), the Ceylon ironwood
  4. name of one of the 11 rudras of a rakshasa
  5. (in the plural) name of a particular tribe of mlecchas (formerly kshatriyas and described as wearing beards)
  6. name of the wife of a Rudra

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of सर्प (sarpá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्पः
sarpáḥ
सर्पौ
sarpaú
सर्पाः / सर्पासः¹
sarpā́ḥ / sarpā́saḥ¹
Vocative सर्प
sárpa
सर्पौ
sárpau
सर्पाः / सर्पासः¹
sárpāḥ / sárpāsaḥ¹
Accusative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पौ
sarpaú
सर्पान्
sarpā́n
Instrumental सर्पेण
sarpéṇa
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पैः / सर्पेभिः¹
sarpaíḥ / sarpébhiḥ¹
Dative सर्पाय
sarpā́ya
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Ablative सर्पात्
sarpā́t
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Genitive सर्पस्य
sarpásya
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पाणाम्
sarpā́ṇām
Locative सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पेषु
sarpéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

सर्प (sarpán

  1. = सपसामन् (sapa-sāman)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of सर्प (sarpá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sarpā́ṇi / sarpā́¹
Vocative सर्प
sárpa
सर्पे
sárpe
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sárpāṇi / sárpā¹
Accusative सर्पम्
sarpám
सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पाणि / सर्पा¹
sarpā́ṇi / sarpā́¹
Instrumental सर्पेण
sarpéṇa
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पैः / सर्पेभिः¹
sarpaíḥ / sarpébhiḥ¹
Dative सर्पाय
sarpā́ya
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Ablative सर्पात्
sarpā́t
सर्पाभ्याम्
sarpā́bhyām
सर्पेभ्यः
sarpébhyaḥ
Genitive सर्पस्य
sarpásya
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पाणाम्
sarpā́ṇām
Locative सर्पे
sarpé
सर्पयोः
sarpáyoḥ
सर्पेषु
sarpéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • सर्प॑” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 602, column 1.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 341
  • Monier Williams (1899), “सर्प”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1184, column 1.