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Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old Irish bríg (force, power, value), from Proto-Celtic *brīgos (strength) (compare Welsh bri (fame, distinction)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷrih₂-g-, a suffixed extended form of *gʷréh₂us (heavy) (compare Latin gravis, Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú).


brìgh f (genitive singular brìgh, plural brìghean)

  1. meaning, sense
  2. substance, essence, gist, point, drift (of argument etc)
  3. pith, sap, juice (of plants, fruit etc)
  4. energy, strength
  5. significance, purport, moment



Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
brìgh bhrìgh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • bríg” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.