seal

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See also: Seal and SEAL

English[edit]

A leopard seal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sele, from an inflectional form of Old English seolh, from Proto-West Germanic *selh, from Proto-Germanic *selhaz (compare North Frisian selich, Middle Dutch seel, zēle, Old High German selah, Danish sæl, Middle Low German sale), either from Proto-Indo-European *selk- (to pull) (compare dialectal English sullow (plough)) or from early Proto-Finnic *šülkeš (later *hülgeh, compare dialectal Finnish hylki, standard hylje, Estonian hüljes).

Noun[edit]

seal (plural seals)

  1. A pinniped (Pinnipedia), particularly an earless seal (true seal) or eared seal.
    The seals in the harbor looked better than they smelled.
  2. (heraldry) A bearing representing a creature something like a walrus.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Sotho: sili
  • Swahili: sili
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

seal (third-person singular simple present seals, present participle sealing, simple past and past participle sealed)

  1. (intransitive) To hunt seals.
    They're organizing a protest against sealing.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A seal on a diploma

From Middle English sele, from Anglo-Norman sëel, from Latin sigillum, a diminutive of signum (sign)

Doublet of sigil.

Noun[edit]

US presidential seal

seal (plural seals)

  1. A stamp used to impress a design on a soft substance such as wax.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 11:
      She [Nature] carved thee for her seal, and meant thereby
      Thou shouldst print more, not let that copy die.
  2. An impression of such stamp on wax, paper or other material used for sealing.
  3. A design or insignia usually associated with an organization or an official role.
    The front of the podium bore the presidential seal.
    • 1960 March, H. P. White, “The Hawkhurst branch of the Southern Region”, in Trains Illustrated, page 170:
      So the matter rested until the Cranbrook & Paddock Wood Company was incorporated on August 8, 1877, appropriately displaying a bunch of hops on its seal, for these had become the principal cash crop in the area.
  4. Anything that secures or authenticates.
  5. Something which will be visibly damaged if a covering or container is opened, and which may or may not bear an official design.
    The result was declared invalid, as the seal on the meter had been broken.
  6. (figurative) Confirmation or approval, or an indication of this.
    Her clothes always had her mom's seal of approval.
  7. Something designed to prevent liquids or gases from leaking through a joint.
    The canister is leaking. I think the main seal needs to be replaced.
  8. A tight closure, secure against leakage.
    Close the lid tightly to get a good seal.
  9. A chakra. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Scottish Gaelic: seula
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

seal (third-person singular simple present seals, present participle sealing, simple past and past participle sealed)

  1. (transitive) To place a seal on (a document).
  2. To mark with a stamp, as an evidence of standard exactness, legal size, or merchantable quality.
    to seal weights and measures
    to seal silverware
  3. (transitive) To fasten (something) so that it cannot be opened without visible damage.
    The cover is sealed. If anyone tries to open it, we'll know about it.
  4. (transitive) To prevent people or vehicles from crossing (something).
    The border has been sealed until the fugitives are found.
    Synonyms: block, block off, close, close off, obstruct, seal off
  5. (transitive) To close securely to prevent leakage.
    I've sealed the bottle to keep the contents fresh.
  6. (transitive) To place in a sealed container.
    I've sealed the documents in this envelope.
    Synonym: enclose
  7. (transitive, chess) To place a notation of one's next move in a sealed envelope to be opened after an adjournment.
    After thinking for half an hour, the champion sealed his move.
  8. (transitive) To guarantee.
    The last-minute goal sealed United’s win.
    • 2018 June 18, Phil McNulty, “Tunisia 1 – 2 England”, in BBC Sport[1], archived from the original on 21 April 2019:
      England's first-half display contained much to admire but it was a sign of their wastefulness in front of goal that it took the injury-time intervention from Kane to seal victory.
  9. To fix, as a piece of iron in a wall, with cement or plaster, etc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  10. To close by means of a seal.
    to seal a drainpipe with water
  11. (Mormonism) To confirm or set apart as a second or additional wife.
    • 1852, Howard Stansbury, An Expedition to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah:
      If a man once married desires a second helpmate [] she is sealed to him under the solemn sanction of the church.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English *selen (suggested by Middle English sele (harness; hame)), perhaps from Old English sǣlan (to bind).

Verb[edit]

seal (third-person singular simple present seals, present participle sealing, simple past and past participle sealed)

  1. (dialectal) To tie up animals (especially cattle) in their stalls.

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

seal

  1. there

Etymology[edit]

Demonstrative pronoun from pronoun see ("this", "it"). "Seal" is an adessive form of Uralic root *sikä. Compare to Finnish siellä ("siel" in spoken language)

Noun[edit]

seal

  1. adessive case of siga.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sel, from Proto-Celtic *swelo- (turn), possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

seal m (genitive singular seala, nominative plural sealanna)

  1. a turn (chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
seal sheal
after an, tseal
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Frisian sāl, from Proto-West Germanic *sadul.

Noun[edit]

seal n (plural sealen, diminutive sealtsje)

  1. saddle
Further reading[edit]
  • seal (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Frisian *sele, from Proto-West Germanic *sali.

Noun[edit]

seal c or n (plural sealen, diminutive sealtsje)

  1. hall
Further reading[edit]
  • seal (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011