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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +14, 19 strokes, cangjie input 一月一土戈 (MBMGI), four-corner 10103, composition)

  1. imperial signet, royal signet

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 744, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21309
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1153, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1144, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+74BD

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (璽), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 斯氏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇX/ /sie̯X/ /sieX/ /siɛX/ /siə̆X/ /sǐeX/ /sjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sjeX › /*s.[n]e[r]ʔ/ seal (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2815 2 /*smlelʔ/ 同壐籀文

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. the imperial seal or sigil
  2. a symbol of imperial status

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (sjeX). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified ().

The reading changed from an initial borrowing of /shi/ [ɕi] to the current reading of /ji/ [d͡ʑi].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a seal or sigil carved into a jewel
  2. more specifically, such a seal belonging to the Chinese emperor of the Qin Dynasty or later, or belonging to the Japanese emperor
  3. 八尺瓊曲玉 (​Yasakani no Magatama), the jewel that is one of the three sacred treasures comprising the Imperial Regalia of Japan
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun derived from the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) shirushi of verb 印す (shirusu, to stamp with a seal or sigil; to mark or brand).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しるし, romaji shirushi)

  1. the emperor's personal seal or sigil or the national seal or sigil used for state business
  2. the mark made by such a seal or sigil
  3. 八尺瓊勾玉 (​Yasakani no Magatama), one of the sacred treasures comprising the Imperial Regalia of Japan
  4. all three of the sacred treasures
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of (mi-, honorific prefix) +‎ (shirushi, imperial mark, seal, or sigil).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みしるし, romaji mishirushi)

  1. a mark or seal indicating imperial status
  2. a sacred item indicating imperial status
  3. the emperor's personal seal or sigil
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sae) (hangeul , revised sae, McCune-Reischauer sae, Yale say)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉ, tỷ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.