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See also:
U+9087, 邇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9087

[U+9086]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9088]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 卜一火月 (YMFB), four-corner 31302, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1267, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39193
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1765, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3891, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9087

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-naːj ~ s-nej (near) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan ཉེ་བ (nye ba, near), Mizo hnai (near), Jingpho ni (ni³¹, near), Burmese နီး (ni:, bear near; be close), (OC *niɡ, “intimate; close”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ȵieX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ěr
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ji5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ěr
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n[ə][r]ʔ/
English near

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njelʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) near

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. approach
  2. near, close

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(i) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer i, Yale i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.