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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰreːd): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsreːds, *ʔsleds) – study carefully at home.

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十月人火 (JBOF), four-corner 30901, composition)

  1. examine, investigate
  2. notice

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 290, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 948, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BDF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰat̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰat̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰat̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cha
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chá
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤret/
English examine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪙻
Old
Chinese
/*sʰreːd/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chal) (hangeul , revised chal, McCune-Reischauer ch'al)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sát, xét)

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