警察

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Chinese[edit]

to alert; to warn; police
 
examine; inquire; observe; inspect; look into; to examine
trad. (警察)
simp. #(警察)

Pronunciation[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese  (けい) (さつ) (keisatsu, police)

Noun[edit]

警察

  1. (uncountable) police; police force
    警察暴力  ―  jǐngchá bàolì  ―  police brutality
    警察武力驅趕示威者 [MSC, trad.]
    警察武力驱赶示威者 [MSC, simp.]
    Jǐngchá yòng wǔlì qūgǎn shìwēizhě. [Pinyin]
    The police cleared out the demonstrators by force.
    街上死人這不警察 [MSC, trad.]
    街上死人这不警察 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiē shang tǎngzhe gè sǐrén, zhè bù jǐngchá gāng dào. [Pinyin]
    A dead person is lying on the road, and the police has just arrived.
  2. (countable) police officer (Classifier: ; )
    便衣警察  ―  biànyī jǐngchá  ―  plainclothes police officer
Usage notes[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 警察 (“police; police officer”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 警察, 警官, 警員
Mandarin Beijing 警察, 雷子 argot
Taiwan 警察
Harbin 警察
Jinan 警察
Muping 警察
Luoyang 警察
Wanrong 警察
Xi'an 警察
Xuzhou 警察
Ürümqi 警察
Wuhan 警察
Chengdu 警察
Guiyang 警察, 警士 dated, 警士先生 dated face-to-face, 貓菜 dated nickname
Liuzhou 警察, 警伯 playful
Nanjing 警察
Malaysia 馬打
Singapore 馬打
Cantonese Guangzhou 警察, 差人, 差佬 male
Hong Kong 警察, 差人, 阿Sir male, 差佬 male
Taishan 警察
Dongguan 阿Sir, 差佬
Kuala Lumpur 馬打
Gan Lichuan 警察
Hakka Meixian 警察
Yudu 警察
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 警察
Liudui (S. Sixian) 警察
Hsinchu (Hailu) 警察
Dongshi (Dabu) 巡查, 警察
Hsinchu (Raoping) 警察
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 巡查
Huizhou Jixi 警察
Jin Taiyuan 警察
Xinzhou 警察, 小對子 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou 警察
Fuqing 警察
Matsu 警察
Min Nan Xiamen 警察, 烏跤 dated
Quanzhou 警察
Zhangzhou 警察, 烏跤 dated
Taipei 大人
Kaohsiung 警察
Tainan 大人
Taichung 巡查
Wuqi 警察
Hsinchu 警察
Lukang 警察
Yilan 警察
Magong 大人
Penang 馬打
Singapore 馬打, 大狗
Philippines (Manila) 警察
Haikou 警察
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 警察
Wu Shanghai 警察, 黑貓警長, 黑貓, 老貓
Suzhou 警察
Wenzhou 警察
Chongming 警察
Danyang 警察
Jinhua 警察
Xiang Changsha 警察
Loudi 警察
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Attestable since at least the Tang dynasty.

Verb[edit]

警察

  1. (literary) to be vigilant; to be alert; to watch out
  2. (literary) to examine oneself critically; to examine one's thoughts and conduct
  3. (literary) to supervise; to monitor
Synonyms[edit]
edit

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: 6
さつ
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

警察 (hiragana けいさつ, rōmaji keisatsu)

  1. police
    警察 (けいさつ)逮捕 (たいほ)される。
    Keisatsu ni taiho sareru.
    Arrested by the police.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Chinese: 警察 (jǐngchá)
  • Korean: 경찰 (gyeongchal)
  • Okinawan: 警察 (kīsachi, chīsachi)
  • Vietnamese: cảnh sát

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

警察 (gyeongchal) (hangeul 경찰)

  1. Hanja form? of 경찰 (police).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First used around the beginning of the Meiji period,[1] borrowed from Japanese 警察 (keisatsu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kiːsat͡ɕi~t͡ɕiːsat͡ɕi]

Noun[edit]

警察 (hiragana きーさち, rōmaji kīsachi, alternative reading ちーさち, rōmaji chīsachi)

  1. police

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

警察

  1. Hán tự form of cảnh sát (police).