Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional /

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿十大日 (TJKA), four-corner 44604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1044, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31302
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1505, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3228, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8457

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taʔ, *tas, *da, *taɡ, *daɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjaːʔ)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ta-t ‎(to put, to place). Cognate with Tibetan སྟད་པ ‎(stad pa, to put on, to lay on), སྟ་གོན ‎(sta gon, preparation, arrangement), Burmese ထား ‎(hta:, to put, to place).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad. /
simp.
See 着#Usage notes.


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 著 (衣) 著 (睡)
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuo³⁵/ /ʈ͡ʂɑu³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂau²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂau²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂɑu⁴⁵/ /ʈ͡ʂɑu⁴⁵/
/t͡sɑu⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuə⁴²/ /ʈ͡ʂuə⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵⁵/ /tʃuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴²/ /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fo²⁴/ /p͡fʰo²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuə¹³/ /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fə¹³/ /p͡fə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂuɤ⁵¹/ /ʈ͡ʂuɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡suo²¹³/ /t͡suo²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡so³¹/ /t͡sʰo³¹/
Guiyang /t͡so²¹/ /t͡so²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/ /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/ /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/ /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/ /t͡səʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/ /t͡sɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡saʔ⁵/ /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /t͡sɑʔ⁵/ /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /t͡sɑʔ⁵/ /d͡zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕa²¹³/ /d͡ʑa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiaʔ²¹/ /t͡ɕʰiɔ²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕio⁵/ /t͡ɕʰio¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔʔ⁵/ /t͡sʰɔʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sok̚¹/ /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃok̚²²/ /tʃʰok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/ /t͡sœk̚²/
Nanning /t͡sœk̚³³/ /t͡sœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/ /søy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔk̚³²/ /tiok̚⁵/
/tioʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoʔ⁵/ /tuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siɔ²⁴/ /tiɔ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tioʔ²/ /tioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɔk̚³/ /ʔdio³³/

  • Middle Chinese: /ɖɨʌ/, /ʈɨʌX/, /ʈɨʌH/, /ʈɨɐk̚/, /ɖɨɐk̚/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
Initial () (11) (9) (9) (9) (11)
Final () (22) (22) (22) (107) (107)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨʌ/ /ʈɨʌX/ /ʈɨʌH/ /ʈɨɐk̚/ /ɖɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɔ/ /ʈiɔX/ /ʈiɔH/ /ʈiɐk̚/ /ɖiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɔ/ /ȶiɔX/ /ȶiɔH/ /ȶiɑk̚/ /ȡiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨə̆/ /ʈɨə̆X/ /ʈɨə̆H/ /ʈɨak̚/ /ɖɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiɔ/ /ȶiɔX/ /ȶiɔH/ /ȶiak̚/ /ȡiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭo/ /ȶĭoX/ /ȶĭoH/ /ȶĭak̚/ /ȡĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯wo/ /ȶi̯woX/ /ȶi̯woH/ /ȶi̯ak̚/ /ȡʱi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chú zhǔ zhù zhuo zhuó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhù zhuó zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjoH › ‹ drjak › ‹ trjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*t<r>ak-s/ /*m-t<r>ak/ /*t<r>ak/
English place (n.); visible put on clothes; be attached to place

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
No. 16989 16990 16994 17015 17019
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taʔ/ /*tas/ /*da/ /*taɡ/ /*daɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to attach
  2. to touch, to contact
  3. to wear, to put on, to be dressed in; clothing
  4. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin, Wu) to put, to place
  5. to arrange
  6. to blossom or bear fruit
  7. something to depend on, something to fall back on; desired end; a sense of belonging
  8. to catch fire, to burn, to combust, to be ignited
    1. (Cantonese) to turn on (a light)
  9. to love deeply, to cling to and be reluctant to leave
  10. to make (someone to), to order
  11. to cost
  12. to live in a fixed place
  13. Name of an ancient drinking vessel.
  14. (Min, Wu) to need to, to ought to, should
  15. to be affected by, to be troubled with
  16. (Hakka, Min) to get, to receive
  17. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) to fall asleep
  18. to fall into a trap, to be trapped
  19. Particle denoting that an action was "appropriately done"; "not done in vain".
  20. Particle denoting the success or continuation of an action.
  21. (Beijing Mandarin) Particle used after verbs to denote the severity of the event.
  22. (Cantonese) one by one
  23. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min) correct, right
  24. (Min Dong) at, in (a place)
  25. (Min) it's now ...'s turn
  26. (dialectal Mandarin, Xiang) (zhāo) all right; OK; that's exactly what I was thinking
  27. Alternative form of (zhāo, “move (in Go games), step; trick, device”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]

trad. /
simp.
See 着#Usage notes.

Definitions[edit]

(Mandarin)

  1. Particle indicating the continuation of an action or a state. Often used with 正在 (zhèngzài) or (zhèng).
  2. Particle used after some adjectives to denote comparison of levels.
  3. Particle denoting a command, request or advice.

Pronunciation 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Definitions[edit]

  1. notable, remarkable, striking
  2. famous, well-known
  3. to show, to manifest
  4. to praise, to speak approvingly of
  5. to write, to compose
  6. literary work, composition, book
  7. to record, to document
  8. to establish, to set up, to build up
  9. achievements; attainments
  10. aboriginal, native inhabitants
  11. precedence, order
  12. the space between the front gate and the screens/shields
  13. Alternative form of (zhù, “to remain (at a place), to be held up”).
  14. Alternative form of (zhù, “to store”).
  15. Alternative form of (chǔ, “to stuff a lined garment with cotton”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. renowned
  2. publish
  3. write
  4. remarkable
  5. phenomenal
  6. put on
  7. don
  8. wear
  9. arrival
  10. finish a race
  11. counter for suits of clothing
  12. literary work

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちょ, romaji cho)

  1. book

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana ちょ, romaji -cho)

  1. by, the author of a book
  2. striking

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo, chak) (hangeul , , revised jeo, chak, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, ch'ak, Yale ce, chak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trứ, nước, trước, chước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.